state governments are not interested in influencing the content of national legislation
state bureaucracies have been shrinking in size
the national government does not have the funding for these programs
Questions 12-13 refer to the following excerpts from a United States Supreme Court decision.
“We are unanimously of opinion, that the law passed by the legislature of Maryland, imposing a tax on the Bank of the United States, is unconstitutional and void...This is a tax on the government of the Union to carry its powers into execution. Such a tax must be unconstitutional...”
12. This decision of the Supreme Court upheld the principle that
The federal government and the state governments are equal
Congress has only those powers specifically enumerated in the Constitution
Congress has the power to make laws to carry out its constitutional duties
Taxation without representation is unconstitutional
Congress had the exclusive right to regulate interstate commerce
The states cannot tax the national government
That New York state had a legitimate monopoly on the lower Hudson River
18. The intended goal of the Republican Revolution on federalism was:
The strengthening of the power of the national government
The return to the strict separation between national and state responsibilities
The acceleration of the ongoing shift of power back to the states
The return of large-scale national government programs that were to be implemented by the states
A Supreme Court that had a broad view of the elastic clause and commerce clause
19. Which aspect of fiscal federalism do states normally challenge when enacted upon them by Congress?
block grants D. revenue sharing
unfunded mandates E. categorical grants
20. Federal policies to regulate food and drugs, build interstate highways, protect consumers, try to clean up dirty air and water, and do many other things are all justified as __________ of Congress.
categorical grants D. enumerated powers
constitutionally specified powers E. reserved powers
21. The National Drinking Age Act, No Child Left Behind, and the Interstate Highway System are all examples of
A. dual federalism. D. layer cake federalism.
B. cooperative federalism E. unitary federalism
22. A marriage license issued in one state is valid and honored in all states under the constitutional provision of
separation of powers D. national supremacy
full faith and credit E. checks and balances
privileges and immunities
23. Which of the following reflect the devolution of federal power?
Free Response – Answer completely: DO ALL PARTS OF THE QUESTION!
(6 points) The concept of Federalism has undergone many changes throughout the history of American politics, often times creating tension between the states and national government.
Using your knowledge of American politics, please complete the following tasks:
B. Describe why James Madison believed that federalism would allow BOTH liberty and good governance for our political system.
Some have argued that the tensions between decentralized and centralized powers continue to exist. Support this argument by explaining how one (1) of the topics below illustrate the continuing tension.
C. Using the same policy, explain how whether the state or national government has maintained power in the conflict and why.