Ap european History Summer Assignment Mr. Valle Due date: First day of class a world lit only by fire

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AP European History Summer Assignment

Mr. Valle

Due date: First day of class

by William Manchester

This book does a good job of “setting the scene” for the beginning of the AP European History course. It is of course pivotal that you read and understand the material in the book. Much of the material we will cover in the first six weeks is contained in this book. Pages 68-86 may contain material you find objectionable, you are not required to read these pages and there are not any questions about this section.

Your assignment is to read the book and answer a set of review questions. The questions will be impossible to answer without actually reading the book. The questions do not necessarily address the larger themes discussed in the book, but are intended to highlight interesting details, and simply force a closer reading of the book. Your answers need to be numbered and hand written. If your answers are not legible, I cannot grade them. Skip a line in between each question.

The following lists the topics covered throughout the book:

Pages Topical Content from Manchester

3-28 The “Dark Ages”

30-50 Beware, dragons lurk here

50-71 Towns, hamlets, and noble Manor houses

71-94 Private life

95-117 Piercing the darkness with the bright shaft of learning

117-136 Erasmus, Pico, and doctrinal

136-156 Tetzel, Luther, and the “Mighty Fortress”, the Church

156-178 “Death to priests!” and Exsurge Domine

178-202 Christians slaughtering Christians
Review Questions

  1. Whose country was "the back of a horse"? What does it mean?

  2. Who was the first to teach that sex was evil and that salvation was possible only through the intercession of the Virgin Mary?

  3. Who was "history's most celebrated iconoclast" and why?

  4. "At any given moment the most dangerous enemy in Europe was ___ ." Who was it?

  5. Why were papal proclamations called "bulls"?

  6. What factors led to the demise of knighthood?

  7. What was a "blackbirder"?

  8. What was the fate of Iberian Jews near the end of the 15th century?

  9. What was "perhaps the most celebrate crime of the Middle Ages"?

  10. What country were the Borgias from, and how did they become popes?

  11. Who said, "God has given us the papacy, let us enjoy it."

  12. When did the Roman Catholic Church establish the rule of celibacy for the clergy?

  13. Who declared that the pope "is no longer a Christian. He is an infidel, a heretic, and as such has ceased to be a pope."?

  14. Who attempted to have the leaders of the Medici family in Florence murdered during Mass in the Cathedral?

  15. What was Europe's most populous country in 1500, and what was its population?

  16. What were the 3 largest cities in Europe in 1500, and what were their populations?

  17. What was the banking family that became prominent in the Hansa and then in all of Europe?

  18. Half of all people died before reaching what age?

  19. What were lepers, prostitutes, and Jews required to wear?

  20. What was used as a substitute for long prison sentences?

  21. When was the use of a diamond as an engagement ring introduced, when, and where?

  22. Who were the cleanest people in Europe?

  23. At what age could girls legally marry? boys?

  24. Who described life as being "nasty, brutish, and short"?

  25. Who fought and died in "the Great Slaughter"?

  26. What did Martin Luther identify as the greatest enemy of faith?

  27. What 2 challenges did Humanism present to the Church?

  28. What was Erasmus' father's profession?

  29. What special gift did Erasmus possess which gave him a great influence upon the upper and middle classes?

  30. Who was the "warrior pope"?

  31. What consistent theme of Erasmus' works enraged the clergy?

  32. What crisis led Pope Leo X to announce a "special sale" of indulgences in 1517?

  33. Who became "the most famous man to misjudge Professor Martin Luther"?

  34. What did Satan and Luther throw at each other (allegedly)?

  35. Where was Luther when he experienced his great insight into God's justice and man's salvation?

  36. To what aspect of indulgences did Luther object most of all?

  37. How did Luther escape arrest in Augsburg in October, 1518?

  38. What position taken by Luther in debate with Johann Eck at Leipzig in 1519 revealed him as "an unshriven, unrepentant apostate"?

  39. How did Luther exploit the rising spirit of German nationalism (Herrenvolk)?

  40. To what was Luther referring when he wrote in 1520, "We here come to the heart of the matter."?

  41. What did Luther find more acceptable than divorce?

  42. What did Erasmus say were Luther's 2 major blunders?

  43. At the Diet of Worms, what did Luther offer to recant?

  44. Who said, "I do not admit that my doctrine can be judged by anyone, even by angels."?

  45. When was Erasmus excommunicated and branded a heretic?

  46. Whose body was quartered and then burned on a pile of excrement?

  47. How did Luther view Copernicus?

  48. How did Calvin deal with the issues of abortion and illegitimacy?

  49. What is the meaning of the title of the book, "a world lit only by fire"?

  50. Who was Michelangelo's lifelong idol?

  51. According to William Manchester, what destroyed the Renaissance?

  52. Why did the medieval church believe the earth was flat?

  53. Why didn't Magellan take the most direct route from Spain to Brazil?

  54. What 2 things did Magellan do in Rio de Janeiro in 1519?

  55. What event occurred on April 2, 1520 of Magellan's voyage?

  56. What sight caused Magellan to burst into tears in November, 1520?

  57. What name did Magellan give the Philippines? For whom were they later renamed?

  58. Who was the first person to complete a circumnavigation of the globe?

  59. What obsession overcame Magellan while anchored in the Philippines?

  60. What part of Magellan's body was returned to Spain?

  61. How many men completed the voyage? How many started it?

  62. Of all the tributes to Magellan, which, according to William Manchester, is most appropriate?

  63. When were the works of Copernicus and Galileo removed from the Catholic Index of Forbidden Books?

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