Ap euro review + unit 1 Study Guide



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AP EURO Review + UNIT 1 Study Guide

On a separate sheet of paper, define key terms and answer all Questions to Ponder. For key terms, both define what the term means and also state its significance within the chapter. Don’t just copy the definition out of the book!! Explain it into your own words. For Questions to Ponder, please keep responses to a reasonable length (between approx. 4 and 6 sentences). Bring your Study Guide to class with you every day in your History Binder! DO NOT do this entire sheet all at once (either right away, or right before it is due)! You should do the work in sections over a period of time, so you can concentrate on the information and commit it to memory!

KEY TERMS

Greek Golden Age

Greek Philosophy

Athenian Democracy

Socrates


Socratic Method

Plato


Aristotle

Heliocentrism

The Republic

Julius Ceasar

Roman Republic

Constantine

Theodosius I

Gregory the Great

Crusades

Great Famine

Black Death

Flagellants

Hundred Year’s War

Joan of Arc

Feudalism

Chivalry


Burgundy

Jacquerie

Wat Tyler’s Rebellion

Ottoman Turks

Mehmed II

Ockham’s Razor

Charles IV

Edward III

Philip VI

Great Schism

Gregory XI, Urban VI, Clement VII, Martin V

John Wycliffe

Jan Hus

Conciliar Movement



Renaissance

Humanism


Francis Petrarch

Boccaccio

Chaucer

Christine de Pisan

Dante Alighieri

Marsilius of Padua


Hermeticism

Botticelli

Michelangelo

Leonardo da Vinci

Northern Renaissance

Jan Van Eyck

Holy Roman Empire

Louis XI


Gallicanism

Wars of the Roses

Inquisition

Wat Tyler

Ciompi Revolt

Peace of Lodi

Hanseatic League

Medici


Heretics


QUESTIONS TO PONDER

  1. What ideas about government, art and philosophy come from Ancient Greece and Rome?

  2. How does Christianity become accepted in Ancient Rome? How does Christianity impact life and politics during the Middle Ages?

  3. What are the negative and positive consequences of the Black Death?

  4. How do Joan of Arc and her life represent the religious beliefs of her time?

  5. How was the Great Schism resolved? What impact does this have on the Church?

  6. How did Humanists, artists, musicians, and thinkers of the Renaissance revive classical traditions? Why?

  7. Why and How was power consolidated in Eastern and Western Europe in the fifteenth century? What were advantages and disadvantages of this new form of ruling?

  8. Why were Muslims, Jews, and heretics persecuted in Europe in the fifteenth century?

  9. How do the Black Death, Hundred Years’ War, and Great Schism each contribute to religious anxiety felt by people living in the Middle Ages?

  10. How are the Black Death and Hundred Years’ War related to the Renaissance?



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