Left side of graph should read “Population (in millions)”, the first number is 1700 not 700
15. All of the following statements about Europe’s population in the eighteenth century can be inferred from the graph above EXCEPT:
(A) For most of the century, France had the largest population of any European power.
(B) The population of Eastern Europe outstripped that of Western Europe in size.
(C) Russia experienced the largest increase in rate of population growth.
(D) The population of the British Isles grew throughout the century.
(E) Rates of population growth increased after 1750.
Births per 1000 of Total Population
England and Wales
17.What information can be concluded from the preceding table?
Better nutrition in Scotland led to a higher birthrate
The number of illegitimate births declined during the wars
There was a long-term decline in the birthrate in Great Britain dating back to the 19th century
There was a post-war rise in the birthrate
Because women worked in factories during the war, the birthrate declined
18. The graph above depicts the lengths, from longest to shortest, of the railway systems of
(A) the United Kingdom, the Italian states, France
(B) the United Kingdom, the German states, France
(C) The German states, the United Kingdom, the Italian states
(D) France, the German states, the Italian states
(E) France, the United Kingdom, the German states
19. The graph above best supports which of the following statements?
(A) The Industrial Revolution destroyed the standard of living of the working classes.
(B) The ideas associated with the Renaissance and the Reformation encouraged the English to have large families.
(C) During the eighteenth century, the English population suffered substantially from periodic famines.
(D) The English population increased in the seventeenth century despite civil wars and revolution.
(E) During the late eighteenth century, the English population grew faster than it had from 1450 to 1600
20. As a result of the Second Industrial Revolution, the majority of skilled artisans and craftsman
Became managers in factories
Lost their livelihoods
Moved to towns and cities
21. The Chartist movement in England advocated all the following EXCEPT
Salaries for members of Parliament
More equality among voting districts
Voting by secret ballot
22. A major goal of English Chartists in the 1840’s was
equal distribution of wealth
protective tariffs for farm products
war with France
abolition of the monarchy
the vote for all men
23. All of the goals of the Chartist movement were eventually achieved in Great Britain EXCEPT
The secret ballot
Equal electoral districts
Abolition of property requirements for Members of Parliament
Salaries for Members of Parliament
24.The primary purpose of the Chartist movement of the 1840s was to
Get working men an eight-hour day
Convince working men to unionize
Get the House of Commons to pass the Six Act of the People’s Charter
Form a political party that would challenge the Whig and Tory political dominance
Tap into the revolutionary potential of the English working class
55. Which of the following was most closely associated with anarchism?
(A) The assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife Sophie
(B) The execution of Tsar Nicholas 11 and his family
(C) The split between the Mensheviks and the Bolsheviks
(D) The formation of the Fabian Society
(E) The growth of the syndicalist movement 56. 19th century anarchists were most active in
57. Writers and activitists of the 1840s who rejected both industry and the domination of government are known as
58. Which of the following was a result of the expansion of literacy in the late 19th century?
A decline in the production of visual art
A strengthened love of democracy among most literary activists
An explosion in the number of cheap newspapers published
A weakened spirit of nationalism
An instant improvement in the overall quality of literature available
59. In The Communist Manifesto (1848), Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels asserted that
technology was evil and would bring more suffering than benefits to the working class
capitalism was a necessary stage of economic and social development
a socialist revolution was most likely to occur in Russia
the goals of nationalism and socialism were inseparable
the working class was so oppressed that it was unable to help itself
60. “The history of all hitherto existing societies is the history of class struggles.”
The quotation above is from the writings of
(A) Robespierre and Danton
(C) Marx and Engels
61. Which of the following statements best reflects the ideas of Karl Marx?
(A) Population grows in geometric progression.
(B) Humans share a common ancestry with apes.
(C) The market is governed by an invisible hand.
(D) A classless society will emerge at the end of the dialectical process.
(E) Happiness results from the greatest good for the greatest number.
62. Which of the following ideas is common to the works of both Karl Marx and the classical economists?
(A) The overthrow of the bourgeoisie by the revolutionary proletariat is inevitable.
(B) Class struggle is the mechanism of historical progress.
(C) The free exchange of wages for labor ensures social harmony.
(D) The value of a product is largely determined by the value of the labor used to produce it.
(E) The triumph of the proletariat will bring about a classless society
63. “In place of the old bourgeois society, with its classes and class antagonism, we shall have an association, in which the free development of each is the condition for the free development of all.”
These words express the ideas of
(A) Alexis de Tocqueville
(B) John Locke
(C) Jean-Jacques Rousseau
(D) Edmund Burke
(E) Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels 64. One of the major tenets of Karl Marx’s work was that
(A) peasants and artisans would combine with factory workers to lead the forthcoming socialist revolution
(B) by increasing social interaction, capitalism improved the quality of human relationships
(C) the Industrial Revolution was a social disaster which had to be undone to restore the humane preindustrial society
(D) history moves inevitably through a series of stages culminating in socialism
(E) the historical function of government has been to protect the weak from exploitation by the powerful
65.The Communist Manifesto of 1848
Helped bring about the revolution of 1848
Urged the middle class to unite against the nobility
Claimed that events in history happened erratically by chance
Was written for the Communist Party
Had no influence on the revolutions of 1848
66. “As historians from Karl Marx through Georges Lefebvre and Albert Soboul have argued, the main accomplishment of the French Revoluton was to abolish feudalism in France and to clear the ground for capitalist economic expansion and the rule of the bourgeoisie.”
Which of the following views is consistent with the interpretation above?
(A) The Revolution strengthened the domination of landed proprietors in France
(B) The Revolution eliminated guilds, seigneurial rights, and other obstacles to French agricultural and industrial advance
(C) The long-term transition from feudalism to capitalism occurred over many centuries, not between 1789 and 1794
(D) The Revolution abolished private property in France and thus created a modern democratic society