Antitrust 1 Prof. E. Fox Fall 2004 1 I. Introduction to Antitrust Law 4 a. General Background 4



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Aspen Skiing v. Aspen Highlands (1985) – Invocation of the Essential Facilities Doctrine

  • Monopolist has no general duty to cooperate w/a competitor, but where a firm’s refusal to deal is solely exclusionary (w/o a valid business justification), there is a violation

  • Test for exclusionary conduct:

  • i.e., Δ is willing to forego profit in order to hurt π w/o efficiency justification

  • Motive is inconsequential (Olympia Equipment)

  • Lack of business justification may indicate probable anticompetitive effect

  • Consider impact on consumers (i.e., consumers prefer cooperative arrangement)

  • Was competition unnecessarily restricted?
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