Aken, Mark J. Van. King of the Night: Juan José Flores and Ecuador, 1824-1864. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989.
(F3736 .F5 V36 1989)
Juan Jose Flores was Venezuelan and became Ecuador’s first president in 1830. His political insight included integration of the European monarch in both Central and South America. His everyday problems included supervising the disputes between highland Quito and coastal Guayaquil. This is a political biography and should not be taken as general history of Ecuador from 1830 to 1864.
(F3721.3.P74 B43 2011)
Becker offers the ideal course of Latin American politics and social movements in Ecuador during the last twenty five years.
Cervone, Emma. Long Live Atahualpa: Indigenous Politics, Justice, and Democracy in the Northern Andes. Durham: Duke University Press, 2012.
(F3721.3.P74 C47 2012)
This is an ethnographic study of indigenous political movements against discrimination in modern Ecuador. The author describes the complex process that led these activists to force new alliances with the Catholic Church and NGOS.
Ecuador has suffered unstable political crises which during the turn of the twentieth century led to six different governments. At the same time, the indigenous population, who actively participate at the national level, set Ecuador apart from the rest of the Latin American countries.
Henderson, Peter V.N. Gabriel García Moreno and Conservative State Formation in the Andes. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2008.
(F3736.G3 H46 2008)
Gabriel Garcia Moreno was president of Ecuador from 1861 to 1869. He was criticized for his conservatism, and bringing religion to the forefront of the country’s national identity. On the other hand, Garcia built the foundation for a centralized nation-state.
(F3710 .O47 2014)
Arguments over national identity advanced theories of citizenship, popular sovereignty, and republican modernity struggled to reconcile the presence of Ecuador’s large indigenous population with the dominance of a white-mestizo minority. The indigenous people were excluded from civic life, but proliferated in speeches, periodicals and artwork during Ecuador’s process of nation formation.
Pallares, Amalia. From Peasant Struggles to Indian Resistance: The Ecuadorian Andes in the Late Twentieth Century. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2002.
(F3721.1 .S54 P35 2002)
The author engages the reader describing a transformation of the local residents of Cotacachi and Cacha. They each work hard towards gaining indigenous autonomy, and become aware of their own citizenship and political identity as the indigenous resistance slowly builds momentum.
Scher, Melina Selverston-. Ethnopolitics in Ecuador: Indigenous Rights and the Strengthening of Democracy. Coral Gables: North-South Center Press at the University of Miami, 2001.
(F3738.2 .S458x 2001)
Modern Ecuador has been transformed through indigenous social and political movements. Selverston-Scher, works as a consultant in Washington D.C. specializing in Latin American politics, ethnic politics, human rights and the environment. She affirms that Ecuador is strengthened by its diversity and recognition of indigenous rights rather than cultural homogeneity.