Antebellum Reformer Area(s) of Reform/Movement



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Antebellum Reformers Chart

Antebellum Reformer

Area(s) of Reform/Movement

Partners in Crime”

Achievements

(Lasting Impact)

Creative Way to Remember

Horace Mann

Education


McGuffey

C. Beecher

Lyon

E. Willard



F. Willard

Brother-in-law to Nathanial Hawthorne; created teacher-training schools; adopted the German form of education (mandatory school); longer school years; kids must attend until 16; higher teacher pay; wider curriculum; Father of the “Common School” Movement (taught the 3 R’s-Reading, Writing, and Arithmetic)




William McGuffey

Education

Horace Mann

C. Beecher

Lyon

E. Willard



F. Willard

Wrote McGuffey Reader Primer- first textbooks in U.S.




Catharine Beecher

Education


Mann

McGuffey


Lyon

E. Willard

F. Willard


Worked to incorporate Kindergarten & P.E. into children’s education; campaigned for more schools & teachers in West

Anti-Suffragist-believed women should be mothers & educators

Started the Hartford Female Seminary; Western Female Institute





Mary Lyon

Women’s Education

Mann

McGuffey


C. Beecher

E. Willard

F. Willard


Holyoake Seminary




Emma Willard



Women’s Education

Mann


McGuffey

C. Beecher

Lyon


Troy Female Seminary





Sojourner Truth

Abolition

Women


Mott

Anthony


Grimke

Douglass


Garrison

F. Willard

Stanton

Stowe


Lovejoy

Walker


Weld

An’t I a Woman




Lucretia Mott

Women

Abolition (husband helped found American Antislavery society)



Truth

Anthony


Grimke

Douglass


Garrison

F. Willard

Stanton

Stowe


Lovejoy

Walker


Weld

Signed Declaration of Rights & Sentiments at Seneca Falls Convention




Susan B. Anthony

Women

Temperance

Abolition


Truth

Mott


Grimke

Douglass


Garrison

F. Willard

Stanton

Stowe


Lovejoy

Walker


Weld

Co-founded 1st women’s temperance movement with EC Stanton; founded National Women’s Suffrage Association with EC Stanton






Angelina & Sarah Grimke

Women’s Rights

Abolition



Truth

Mott


Anthony

Douglass


Garrison

F. Willard

Stanton

Stowe


Lovejoy

Walker


Weld

Angelina married Theodore Weld; wrote a letter to The Liberator discussing women’s work in abolition paved way for work toward women’s rights; Sarah wrote Letters on the Equality of the Sexes and the Condition of Women




Frederick Douglass

Abolition

Women (attended Seneca Falls Convention)




Truth

Mott


Anthony

Grimke


Garrison

F. Willard

Stanton

Stowe


Lovejoy

Walker


Weld

Wrote Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass; The North Star




Antebellum Reformer

Area(s) of Reform/Movement

Partners in Crime”

Achievements

(Lasting Impact)

Creative Way to Remember



William Lloyd Garrison

Abolition



Truth

Mott


Anthony

Grimke


Douglass

F. Willard

Stanton

Stowe


Lovejoy

Walker


Weld

Wrote The Liberator, an antislavery newspaper; helped found the American Anti-Slavery Society




Frances Willard

Temperance

Education

Women


Truth

Mott


Anthony

Grimke


Douglass

Garrison


Stanton

Stowe


Lovejoy

Walker


Weld

Founded Women’s Christian Temperence Union (WCTU); Leader of the National Prohibition Party;




Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Women



Truth

Mott


Anthony

Grimke


Douglass

Garrison


F. Willard

Stowe


Lovejoy

Walker


Weld

Drafted The Declaration of Rights & Sentiments; helped organize the Seneca Falls Convention




Henry Beecher

Women’s Rights

Abolition

Temperance


Lyman Beecher (Father)

Stowe


Matthew

S. Graham

Tappan’s


Against bigotry of all kinds

Against the Chinese Exclusion Act

Raised $ to buy weapons to oppose slavery in Kansas & Nebraska-called “Beecher Bibles”





Wendell Phillips

Native American Rights

Abolition



Elijah Lovejoy

Helen Hunt Jackson (Unit 5)



Wanted equal rights for African Americans & Native Americas; worked for citizenship for Native Americans




Lyman Beecher

2nd Great Awakening

Temperance







Preacher who distributed “Beecher Bibles”; hated Catholics




Theobald Mathew

Temperance

Lyman Beecher

Irish-born Catholic Priest who came to the US and worked for Temperance in the US




Dorthea Dix


Prison/Institution Reform


Dr. Sylvester Graham

Rehabilitation




Dr. Sylvester Graham

Health Reform

Temperance



Dorthea Dix

Researched the importance of healthy diet-invented the Graham diet (fresh fruit, veggies, wheat)-invented the Graham Cracker




Henry David Thoreau

Transcendentalism

Utopia


Abolition

Anthony

Grimke


Douglass

Garrison


H. Beecher

W. Phillips

Thoreau

Emerson


Walt Whitman

George Ripley, Robert Owen, Humphrey Noyes

Stowe

Lovejoy


Walker

Weld Tappan




Wrote Walden & Civil Disobedience (inspired MLK, Ghandi, & Chavez), attacked Fugitive Slave Law, Environmentalist, defended John Brown





Antebellum Reformer

Area(s) of Reform/Movement

Partners in Crime”

Achievements

(Lasting Impact)

Creative Way to Remember


Ralph Waldo Emerson

Transcendentalism

Utopia


Abolition

Anthony

Grimke


Douglass

Garrison


H. Beecher

W. Phillips

Thoreau

Emerson


Walt Whitman

George Ripley, Robert Owen, Humphrey Noyes

Stowe

Lovejoy


Walker

Weld Tappan




Led Transcendentalist Movement; Wrote Nature & Self-Reliance; gave first public anti-slavery address after Elijah Lovejoy was killed




Margaret Fuller

Women





Wrote “Women in the 19th Century”




Harriet Beecher Stowe


Abolition


Anthony

Grimke


Douglass

Garrison


H. Beecher

W. Phillips

Thoreau

Emerson


Walt Whitman

George Ripley, Robert Owen, Humphrey Noyes

Stowe

Lovejoy


Walker

Weld Tappan




Wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin about the evils of slavery—one of the causes of the Civil War




Elijah Lovejoy

Abolition

Anthony

Grimke


Douglass

Garrison


H. Beecher

W. Phillips

Thoreau

Emerson


Walt Whitman

George Ripley, Robert Owen, Humphrey Noyes

Stowe

Lovejoy


Walker

Weld Tappan




Murdered by pro-slavery mob for his abolitionist beliefs




David Walker

Abolition


Anthony

Grimke


Douglass

Garrison


H. Beecher

W. Phillips

Thoreau

Emerson


Walt Whitman

George Ripley, Robert Owen, Humphrey Noyes

Stowe

Lovejoy


Walker

Weld Tappan




Wrote An Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World a call for black unity and self-help against oppression & injustice; urged slaves to kill their masters or be killed




Theodore Weld

Abolition

Anthony

Grimke


Douglass

Garrison


H. Beecher

W. Phillips

Thoreau

Emerson


Walt Whitman

George Ripley, Robert Owen, Humphrey Noyes

Stowe

Lovejoy


Walker

Weld Tappan




Married Angelina Grimke

His book, American Slavery As It Is: Testimony of a Thousand Witnesses inspired Stowe to write Uncle Tom’s Cabin






Arthur & Lewis Tappan

Abolition

Temperance

Education

Anti-Suffrage



Anthony

Grimke


Douglass

Garrison


H. Beecher

W. Phillips

Thoreau

Emerson


Walt Whitman

George Ripley, Robert Owen, Humphrey Noyes

Stowe

Lovejoy


Walker

Weld Tappan




Brothers who worked with William Lloyd Garrison to co-found the American Anti-Slavery Society; gave $ to underground RR; supported freeing of slaves who overtook Amistad; left the Antislavery society to form their own which did not include women





Antebellum Reform Movement Categories

Categorize the people from the chart into the categories below. You WILL repeat people. Any repeats highlight in Pink.


Women’s Rights-the idea that women had an important role to play in American society; worked for the right to vote (Suffrage)

____________________, _______________________, _________________________, _________________________

____________________, _______________________, _________________________, _________________________

____________________, _______________________, _________________________, _________________________




Abolition-the movement to free the slaves/stop slavery.

____________________, _______________________, _________________________, _________________________

____________________, _______________________, _________________________, _________________________

____________________, _______________________, _________________________, _________________________

____________________, _______________________, _________________________, _________________________

____________________, _______________________





Temperance-the movement toward removing alcohol from society.

____________________, _______________________, _________________________, _________________________

____________________, _______________________, _________________________



Education-reformers began to push for a system of public-education-government funded schools open to all Americans.

____________________, _______________________, _________________________, _________________________

____________________,




Health Reform-the spirit of reform also prompted Americans to improve the prison system & the way mentally ill were treated.

____________________, _______________________






Native American Rights-reformers wanted equal rights for Native Americans as well as citizenship.

____________________





The Second Great Awakening-revival of America’s commitment to religion which spurred many of these reform movements.

____________________






Utopian Communities-communities set up to seek human betterment.

New Harmony-_____________________ Oneida Community-_______________________

Brook Farm -_______________________ Religion that believed in gender equality-______________________

________________________, ______________________






Transcendentalism-social movement that urged people to transcend or overcome the limits of their minds and to let their souls embrace the beauty of the universe.

____________________, _______________________ Artistic Movement ____________________





| APUSH Northwest Cabarrus High School K. DelliSanti




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