Answers creating a nation – Chapter 1 (Section 1)

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Creating A Nation – Chapter 1 (Section 1)

Slave Code -

Laws that kept captives from owning property, receiving an education, moving about freely, or meeting in large groups

Triangular Trade -

Colonial merchants exchanging of goods among the colonies, England, Caribbean sugar planters, and Africa

Subsistence Farming -

Raising only enough food to feed their families

Indentured Servant -

Poor English people agreeing to work for four or more years in return for paid passage to America and free food, clothing, and shelter

Proprietary Colony -

Owned by an individual who could govern it any way he wanted, appointing government officials, coining money, imposing taxes, and even raising an army

Pilgrim -

A small band of Separatists

Immigrant -

Newcomers attracted by land ownership

Joint-Stock Company -

A group of private investors who pooled their money to support big projects

Civilization -

Highly organized society marked by advanced knowledge of trade, highly organized society marked by advanced knowledge of trade, government, the arts, science, and, often, written language government, the arts, science, and, often, written language

1.What are the different ways in which early settlers in the English colonies developed new and unique forms of government?

  1. New England Colonies developed communal towns.

  2. Middle Colonies had religious freedom.

  3. Southern Colonies were proprietary.

2.What role did religion play in the founding of the English colonies?

New England’s settlers wanted religious freedom. Middle colonists welcomed all faiths.

3.How did geography influence the way the English colonies developed?

Varying conditions for growing cash crops affected the economy in each colonial region.

4.Summarize why settlers came to Jamestown and Plymouth colony.

To make money to own the land - to escape religious persecution in England

5.Who was the following? (5 points each)

Christopher Columbus (Cristoforo Colon): Italian sea captain who sailed for the Spanish empire. He tried to find a passage way to Asia sailing west across the Atlantic Ocean. He did not settle or reach North America.

William Penn: In 1681 King Charles, allowed him to create a new colony south of New York. Penn regarded Pennsylvania as a “holy experiment” where settlers would have religious freedom and a voice in government. He particularly wanted to help his fellow Quakers escape persecution in England.

EXTRA CREDIT - Name the 5 European superpowers that shaped and colonized the American continent?

English, Spanish, French, Portugal, Dutch

Creating A Nation – Chapter 1 (Section 1) Page 9/2/11

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