Our aim is to improve the quality of life for all through cultural and sporting activities, support the pursuit of excellence and champion the tourism, creative and leisure industries.
Presented to the House of Commons pursuant to the Government Resources and Accounts Act 2000 c.20, s.6 (4)
Departmental Report presented to the House of Commons by Command of Her Majesty
Resource Accounts and Departmental Report presented to the House of Lords by Command of Her Majesty
Department for Culture, Media and Sport
Departmental Annual Report & Resource Accounts 2008–09 (For the year ended 31 March 2009)
Ordered by the House of Commons to be printed
16 July 2009
LONDON: The Stationery Office 16 July 2009
HC 450 £34.55
This is part of a series of departmental reports which, along with the Main Estimates 2009–10, the document Public Expenditure: Statistical Analyses 2009, and the Supply Estimates 2009–10: Supplementary Budgetary Information, present the Government’s outturn and planned expenditure for 2009–10 and 2010–11.
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174 Annex 2 Public Accounts
The importance of culture and sport to Britain has never been clearer.
Despite the world suffering its biggest economic shock since the Second World War, Britons have been flocking to our museums, theatres, galleries, historic sites and attending sporting events in their millions.
Thanks to Government initiatives like free swimming and more sport and culture in schools, we are also becoming more physically active and culturally engaged as a nation – great antidotes to the economic gloom that has prevailed over the last year.
We have excelled while extending access – nailing once and for all the myth that the two are mutually exclusive and showing that they are in fact requirements of each other.
Our record performance in the Olympics and Paralympics and fantastic success in other sports has gone hand in hand with more people getting involved in sport and getting physically active at local grassroots level.
The triumphs of Slumdog Millionaire at the Oscars and Billy Elliot the Musical at the Tonys have been matched by record numbers of young people visiting the theatre – thanks, in part, to the free tickets offered through ‘A Night Less Ordinary’ – getting involved in local community cultural and media activity or attending our unique summer festivals.
Liverpool’s year as European Capital of Culture was a huge success and we are now looking at proposals to replicate that with our own UK City of Culture every four years.
Preparations for London 2012 are on time and on budget and, as the building of the Olympic Park is one of the largest construction and engineering projects in Europe, the Games are providing a boost for UK businesses and jobs across a range of sectors. Digital switchover is happening without the disasters predicted by some.
Our culture and sport, while providing great sustenance for people during a tough year economically, are also key to Britain’s economic recovery and future prosperity.
Our Digital Britain report maps out how we can stay in front on the digital economy and how our creative industries – already the best in the world – can maximise the opportunities ahead.
Britain has enjoyed a cultural and sporting renaissance in the last ten years. It is a thrill and a great privilege to have come into this job at this time.
This Department and its current and previous Ministers have done great work in bringing the agenda we all share to the heart of our national life. I look forward to working together to keep it there and building on the fantastic achievements you have made.
Rt Hon Ben Bradshaw MP
Secretary of State for Culture,
Media and Sport
2009 has been a challenging year for DCMS, as for all Whitehall departments. The recession – the need to minimise its impact and prepare for recovery – has inevitably had an impact on our work, but not on our goals as a department. They remain the same: supporting excellence in culture, media and sport, widening opportunities, maximising economic impact and delivering a successful Olympics and Paralympics in 2012.
While our goals remain the same, we have amended our priorities to reflect the Government’s response to changed economic circumstances. We are focusing more on helping to grow the creative and tourism industries. Both are big employers, with tourism alone worth £86bn to the UK in 2007 and providing jobs for 1.5m people. The Digital Britain report, published on 16 June 2009 jointly with the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS), set out the Government’s plans on the global digital economy. And London 2012 will be directly awarding around £6bn worth of contracts, generating thousands of supply chain opportunities that UK businesses can win. The Games will leave an important and positive legacy not just for London but for the whole of the UK.
But, as well as adding economic value, our sectors inspire and excite people and improve the quality of life of people and communities, which is all the more important in challenging economic times.
DCMS schemes such as the Splash Extra Programme, which offers sporting, multimedia and creative activities for young people in deprived areas over the summer, are a great example of the difference we can make. Through the Government’s initiatives such as free access to museums, theatre and quality TV broadcasting plus free swimming for the over-60s and under-16s, DCMS aims to maintain and widen the opportunity for all to experience the excellence our sectors offer.
Within the Department, we have continued to change and improve, while still maintaining an impressive record of successful delivery on our two major national projects – London 2012 and Digital Switchover. Our internal restructuring has released more resources to focus on our key priorities. We are streamlining and professionalising our corporate services and improving how we work with other departments. And we are doing all this while delivering a 5 per cent reduction in the running costs of the core Department each year over the spending review.
With London 2012 only three years away, we are confident that we as a Department, together with our sectors, play a vital and inspiring role in supporting excellence across our sector and widening people’s opportunities.
The Department for Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) is responsible for Government policy on the arts, sport, the National Lottery, tourism, libraries, museums and galleries, broadcasting, creative industries, press freedom and regulation, licensing, gambling and the historic environment. We are also the lead Department for the 2012 Olympic Games and Paralympic Games.
We are responsible for the listing of historic buildings and scheduling of ancient monuments, the export licensing of cultural goods, the management of the Government Art Collection and The Royal Parks. The Department also has a number of ceremonial duties, including co-ordinating aspects of State Visits and the Annual Service of National Remembrance at the Cenotaph.
We are responsible for providing humanitarian assistance to those affected by major emergencies or terrorist attacks such as the Mumbai hotel attacks in November 2008.
We work jointly with the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS)1 on digital switchover, design issues (including sponsorship of the Design Council) and on relations with the computer games and publishing industries. We share responsibility for policy on children’s play with the Department for Children, Schools and Families (DCSF).
DCMS is responsible for over 50 public bodies2 that help deliver our strategic aims and objectives. In most cases these bodies lead frontline delivery of culture, media and sport or physical activity.
Departmental aim and objectives
Our mission is to realise the nation’s creative and sporting potential and our goals are to offer world class culture, media and sport, to unlock talent and to improve well-being.
We aim to improve the quality of life for all through cultural and sporting activities, to support the pursuit of excellence and to champion the tourism, creative and leisure industries.
The DCMS Corporate Plan 2008 relates to the year being reported upon and was available on the DCMS website3 from April 2008.
Each department has agreed with HM Treasury a set of Departmental Strategic Objectives (DSOs) to cover its key priorities over the 2008–11 Spending Review period. DCMS has four DSOs:4
DSO1: Opportunity: Encourage more widespread enjoyment of culture, media and sport
DSO2: Excellence: Support talent and excellence in culture, media and sport
DSO3: Economic impact: Realise the economic benefits of the Department’s sectors
DSO4: Olympics and sport for young people: Deliver a successful and inspirational Olympic and Paralympic Games in 2012 that provide for a sustainable legacy and get more children and young people taking part in high quality PE and sport.
In addition to DSOs, Public Service Agreements (PSAs) set out more specific outcome-based targets. The DCMS leads on one PSA (PSA22 – Olympics and PE and School Sport) and contributes to six others5.
The four DSOs and the latest set of PSAs came into effect in April 2008. They are described in more detail in the Performance section of this document (page 29 onwards).
Highlights of the year
The following highlights, covering all aspects of DCMS’s work across culture, media, sport and the Olympics, have been achieved despite the impact of the recession, which has hit DCMS sectors just as it has affected families and businesses up and down the country.
DCMS’s response over the past year, working with our many partners and sponsored bodies, has been to refocus our priorities both to support people and places through the recession and to contribute to building firm foundations for a stronger economic future. Cultural, creative and sporting organisations have continued working in partnership with their communities and with government to create and deliver policies that make a difference to people’s lives and the places in which they live. But, by sustaining investment – for example, in cultural, creative and sports-related jobs and training, in regeneration projects for communities, and in new cultural and sporting opportunities for everyone – DCMS is nurturing creative talent and resources for the new economy that will emerge.
We work to support and promote the widest access to excellence in culture
DCMS works to support and promote the widest access to excellence in culture: in the arts, in museums and galleries, in architecture, in the built and the historic environment, and in libraries.
Over 279 million visits were made to public libraries in 2007–08.
Liverpool European Capital of Culture 2008
One of the major cultural success stories of 2008 was Liverpool’s designated period as the European Capital of Culture. It was a year that saw Sir Paul McCartney top the bill at the Liverpool Sound Concert at Anfield Stadium, the excitement of The Tall Ships’ Races, and Sir Simon Rattle conduct an internationally acclaimed Berliner Philharmoniker performance at the Philharmonic Hall.
Liverpool has been transformed and now boasts the new Echo Arena, BT Convention Centre and new Cruise Liner Terminal. Historic parts of the city and famous buildings such as St George’s Hall, the World Museum and the Bluecoat Arts Centre have all undergone extensive renovations leaving a lasting legacy for the city’s people and visitors. Liverpool attracted 3.5m new visitors in 2008 during its tenure as European Capital of Culture.
A Night Less Ordinary
Arts Council England (ACE) announced the details of A Night Less Ordinary (ANLO) in February 2009, a scheme that will provide over 600,000 free theatre tickets to under 26-year-olds over the next two years6. These tickets will be available throughout England. Participating theatres vary in size from The National Theatre and Royal Shakespeare Company to a consortium of village halls in Cornwall.
Find Your Talent
From September 2008, ten pathfinder Find Your Talent projects began across the country. They represent the start of a £23.75m programme run jointly with DCSF to trial different ways of bringing together local authorities, schools, and local and national organisations. The projects will provide opportunities for children and young people to experience a range of high quality arts and cultural activities in and out of school for five hours each week7.
Engaging Places is a DCMS-supported initiative that champions teaching and learning about all aspects of the built environment, from grand historic buildings to the streets and neighbourhoods where we live. It has been designed to help deliver the new secondary school curriculum. It is being delivered as a joint project by English Heritage and the Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment (CABE) and includes a major new online teaching resource, launched on 14 January 20098.
Capital of Culture 2008 generated an £800 million boost to the regional economy.
There were five million visitors to English Heritage staffed properties in 2008–09 plus an estimated six million visits to unstaffed properties.
Heritage Protection Reform
Work on the Heritage Protection Reform programme is continuing. In particular, we have been working with English Heritage, Communities and Local Government (CLG) and other stakeholders to:
– produce a new Planning Policy Statement on the historic environment which will be published for consultation in Summer 2009
– agree a clear statement of the Government’s vision and priorities for the historic environment which will be published in Summer 2009
– make changes to the current heritage designation systems to ensure they operate as effectively as possible within the current legislative framework
– improve online access to information about designated heritage assets via the Heritage Gateway9
– increase public engagement with heritage protection and introduce
a more strategic and planned approach through English Heritage’s Strategic Designation programme
– build capacity through the continuation of English Heritage’s training programmes for local authorities.
The Sea Change programme is led by CABE on behalf of the DCMS with funding being made available for seaside resorts in England during the three year period from 2008 to 2011. Sea Change aims to stimulate wider improvements and economic regeneration in disadvantaged coastal resorts through specific investment in creative and innovative culture and heritage projects. By the end of March 2009 grants totalling over £29m had been allocated to 28 resorts to create new performance spaces, improve theatres, restore promenades, enable spectacular beach-front redesigns and provide new exhibition spaces.
Government Art Collection
The Government Art Collection (GAC) creates displays in British Government buildings in a diverse range of cities around the world to promote British art, culture and history. Public interest in the GAC remained high this year. On top of our regular evening tours, we again participated in Museums
and Galleries Month10 and the London Open House11 events, and held additional weekend tours to meet the exceptional demand.
New acquisitions for the Collection this year included works by contemporary artists Gillian Carnegie and Susan Hiller and Pre-Raphaelite associate John Brett, while The Ministers, Ming Tombs, an unusual painting by Stanley Spencer, was installed at the Residence in Beijing to coincide with the 2008 Olympic celebrations. As part of our continuing commitment to lending works to public exhibitions, the famous portrait of Lord Byron by Thomas Phillips and a landscape by Edward Lear were included in The Lure of the East: British Orientalist Painting, an international touring exhibition.
The Cultural Olympiad
Launched in September 2008, the Cultural Olympiad12 is the four year cultural programme that celebrates the spirit of the Olympic and Paralympic Games, recognising that London 2012 is not just about sport. The Cultural Olympiad is being delivered in a partnership with the London Organising Committee of the Olympic Games and Paralympic Games (LOCOG) and a number of public and private bodies at national and local level – including the DCMS, Non-Departmental Public Bodies (NDPBs), the Legacy Trust and some of the UK’s leading cultural organisations. Over 650 events were held across the country to mark the launch and, as of the end of June 2009, around 100 Cultural Olympiad projects13 have now been awarded the Inspire Mark14, with an estimated total value of around £10m.
Over 650 events were held around the UK during Open Weekend.
The Humanitarian Assistance Unit supports Tessa Jowell in her role as Minister for Humanitarian Assistance. It ensures that the needs of British victims of major emergencies and their families are understood and properly considered within Government in building preparedness for and responding to major emergencies.
DCMS has during 2008–09 drafted new national strategic guidance to ensure that the care of people following disasters is comprehensively planned for and provided by those responsible in commercial and government organisations. A public consultation on the draft is planned later this summer, with the final document to be issued by the year end.
As part of the response to the 7 July 2005 terrorist attacks in London, the Government provided support to those affected through its 7 July Assistance Centre. A document15 produced to set out the key lessons learned in operating this service was discussed at a conference on 10 March 2009. The aim was to share the lessons with professionals engaged in this field, including regional and
local emergency planners, NHS commissioners, managers and practitioners and relevant voluntary sector agencies.
During the year The Royal Parks and DCMS supported the creation of a memorial to the 52 people who lost their lives in the 2005 London bombings. The memorial was designed by the young architects, Kevin Carmody and Andy Groake, in close consultation with the bereaved families. 52 stainless steel stelae in four clusters represent the individual loss at four different sites and the collective grief of all those affected by the events of that terrible day. The memorial was built by Norton Cast Products, a steel foundry in Sheffield, and has been installed in Hyde Park by Arups and Walter Lily. DCMS provided over £1m for the memorial which opened on 7 July 2009, the fourth anniversary of the attacks.
52 stainless steel stelae in four clusters represent the individual loss at four different sites and the collective grief of all those affected by the events of that terrible day.
40.4 million visits were made to the national museums and galleries last year.
We aim to maintain, support and protect dynamic media
As well as economic goals, our key aims for the UK’s media sectors are to secure wider cultural and public interest objectives. By working closely with government, industry and consumer groups, we want to enable a thriving, dynamic creative economy that ensures the UK is an attractive place
for investment from both home and abroad. We want the public to have access to diverse, high quality creative content, including a strong public service broadcasting sector. We must also ensure that they are protected from harmful and offensive material.
Digital Britain is an action plan (developed jointly with BERR) to secure the UK’s place at the forefront of innovation, investment and quality in the digital and communications sectors. Digital Britain: The Interim Report16 of January 2009 underlined not just the economic importance of these sectors to UK businesses (as they are vital to underpinning global economic activity) but also their major impact on our culture and quality of life. The final Digital Britain report, which considers what future legislative and non-legislative measures are required to support the development of these critical sectors, was published on 16 June 200917.
Digital technology has created enormous opportunities and challenges for our media sector and the creative industries. Music and film content providers, for example, are rapidly having to adopt new business models in the face of unlawful online peer-to-peer file-sharing. In response, the Government consulted in 2008 on possible legislative options and negotiated a Memorandum of Understanding, led by Ofcom, with six major Internet Service Providers (ISPs) and music and film rights holders. Digital Britain: The Interim Report subsequently announced the Government’s plans to introduce legislation placing obligations on ISPs. These include requiring them to notify those of their customers identified by rights holders as engaging in unlawful file-sharing. There was also a consultation in March 2009 on the report’s proposal that a digital rights agency should be established. A further consultation on the proposed legislation was issued alongside the final Digital Britain report.
Digital Britain: The Interim Report set out for the first time a clear commitment by Government to achieving a strong digital future for radio, one in which Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB) is a primary distribution platform. The report builds on the work of the Digital Radio Working Group, which ran throughout 2008, and sets out the criteria which need to be met before Digital Radio Upgrade can begin. The final Digital Britain report includes new proposals to support the delivery of the upgrade programme by the end of 2015.
The main switchover programme18 began in the Border ITV region with the switchover of the Selkirk transmitter in November 2008. An advance poll found 100 per cent awareness in Selkirk about the switchover. A Help Scheme19 was in place to support people aged 75 and over, those with a significant disability and people resident in care homes.