Produced by DMMMSU. Distributed to participants and major stakeholders. Also published on web site.
1.8 Methodology Maximum 4 pages. Detailed description of:
Methods of implementation
(i) Survey of past students and prospective employers
At least 100 past students of DMMMSU and 30 past students of CAZS and DFBD will be contacted by post or e-mail through college records. A jointly designed questionnaire will be sent to these students.
DMMMSU team members will visit at least 10 key employers with a questionnaire. In addition, at least 40 other prospective employers will be contacted by post or e-mail. The questionnaire will be drawn up in consultation with all team members.
(ii) Review of technologies developed at Philippine research institutes concerned with watershed management and agroforestry
The database of research on watershed management and agroforestry will use the Access database software for easy portability. Records will be downloaded from existing electronic databases for which a fee will have to be paid. Grey literature will be reviewed by staff at DMMMSU who will be paid for each record which they produce, including a brief summary. A senior staff member will be given the task of quality control under guidance from CAZS.
The monographs will be based on the database entries and where possible, primary sources. Topics to be covered will include: soil conservation technologies, agroforestry techniques, social forestry, socio-economic aspects of land management problems. DMMMSU staff will undertake this task and will be paid for the time spent.
(iii) Documentation relating to Region 1 of existing and past projects concerned with watershed management and agroforestry will be reviewed
All stakeholders will be contacted and asked for a list of projects undertaken or completed in the last 10 years to define techniques that have worked and best technical and management practices. The stakeholders will be asked to supply the final reports of relevant projects and where possible the initial project proposals. A team from DMMMSU will summarise these reports with the aim of learning from the practical experience of watershed development and agroforestry projects in the relevant areas.
(iv) Studies will be undertaken in target villages
Ten to twenty villages will be selected representing a range of ecological conditions, farming systems and ethnic groups.
Community problem analysis and the use of problem trees to identify the perceptions of the farmers and villagers will be the primary tools. These techniques are well documented in the development literature
(v) Decide on courses that need to be made available; decide on content and modules needed for courses; develop curricula using learning outcome approach
The recommendations concerning the courses to be made available together with their structure and content will be made by the team members after studying the evidence collected and having a series of workshops. The curricula will be distributed firstly to an internal review committee consisting of faculty members. After appropriate modification, the draft will be discussed with a Curriculum Board consisting of a sub-committee of the Project Steering Committee. The Curriculum Board must have at least 50% representation from stakeholders. Final decisions will be made by the university council. The process is shown in Figure 3.
The curricula using the teaching by objectives method. Objectives should begin with a verb and conform to the formula :
“At the end of this module, the average student will be able to:
[list of objectives]
Typically, modules will have 10 to 20 general topic areas (denoted by letters), each one having 5 to 10 objectives. In addition to a detailed curriculum, each module will have a list of required equipment, the materials required, a basic reading list and a bibliography. Timetables for classroom and practical sessions will indicated which objectives they address. Typically, for practical topics such as the ones being considered, 30 to 40% of the objectives will be cognitive (referring to new knowledge) and the remainder will be concerned with the application or manipulation of existing knowledge.
(vi) Academic staff of DMMMSU will be invited to attend appropriate short courses and M.Sc. courses
Applications for short courses and MScs by IAWM staff members will be considered by the Steering Committee.
(vii) Develop teaching materials to support the modules developed
The development of teaching materials will be carried out in the EU institutes and in DMMMSU. The lead will be taken by CAZS and DFBD and materials will be edited by the DMMMSU team. Production of multiple copies of printed material and videos will take place in the Philippines.
(viii) Provision will be made to allow postgraduate students from CAZS and DFBD to study modules at IAWM and undertake field work under the direction of IAWM staff
CAZS and DFBD regularly send postgraduate students to developing countries to undertake their field work. This project will support a limited number of students (6) who wish to undertake their fieldwork under the guidance of DMMMSU. Decisions on applications will be made jointly by CAZS, DFBD and DMMMSU.
Extension staff will be consulted in the production of this material
Testing of the material will be undertaken by IAWM staff, extension workers and NGOs in the Philippines and CAZS will facilitate the testing of appropriate materials in West Bengal, India where they have long standing contacts.