Anglo-Saxons King Alfred the Great



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 Anglo-Saxons

King Alfred the Great

King of Wessex 

871 – “Alfred’s year of battles “ against the Danes (Vikings)

878 – Victory over the Danes. Treaty of Wedmore. England was divided by a line formed by the river Thames: Danelaw & England

He forced the Danes to accept Christianity and live within the frontiers of the Danelaw  (Northern and Eastern England) 

King Alfred and the Pancakes” (The story happened while he hid himself in the marshes in Somerset)



King Alfred disguised as a singer in the Danish camp 

Creation of national Army & Navy (Fleet)

New Code of laws (legal system)

A man of great learning

His court became one of the most important scientific and cultural centres of

9th century Europe

Public schools. He wanted people to be literate.

Translation of Bede’s “Ecclesiastical History of British People” and “Pastoral Cares” by Pope Gregory  from Latin into Old English

He started Anglo-Saxon Chronicles (a year by year history of England)

Construction of monasteries and churches

He laid the foundation for the unification of England 

His main principle was: “Do not do to others what you would not have them do to you” 

Danegeld (the Dane money)

Norsemen=Danes=Vikings

Normandy (the land of Norsemen=Normans in the north of France) 

1020 – King Sweyn of Denmark became the first Danish King of England

1013-1042 – Danish royal power triumphed in England. King Canute’s empire included Norway, Denmark and England. 

 

Alfred the Great



King of Wessex

Reigned for 30 years

Unification of the country

Creation of Royal Navy

First public schools

Development of Christian monasteries, construction of churches

Translation of Venerable Bede’s “Ecclesiastical History of English People” from Latin into English

Development of court system, new laws

Royal court - one of the most educated courts in Europe

     Winchester – the capital of the country.



Fight against the Vikings (Danes, Norsemen, Northmen)

Alfred the Great and the Pancakes

Danelaw and  Danegeld 

Poem “Danegeld” by R. Kipling


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