Ancient Greece Study Guide In geographical terms, the land of Greece is a large peninsula

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Ancient Greece Study Guide

  1. In geographical terms, the land of Greece is a large peninsula

  2. Who was the first civilization in Greece? the Minoans

  3. In what way were the Mycenaean different from the Minoans? The Mycenaean lived on the Greek mainland

  4. Which of the following led to the end of the Minoan civilization? Earthquakes destroyed many of their cities or a volcanic eruption ruined their cities.

  5. Which of the following best defines a polis? a small city-state

  6. Why Greece created colonies? Population was growing and they did not have enough food

  7. Under which leader did democracy in Athens work best? Pericles

  8. What is representative democracy? Citizens elect officials to make the laws

  9. A government in which only a few people have power is called an oligarchy.

  10. What does democracy mean? “rule of the people”

  11. Greek myths were stories that explained culture’s believe such as stories about Heroes

  12. Who was the Greek god or goddess of war? Ares

  13. Which Greek hero has been the subject of dozens of films? Hercules

  14. What was the most important aspect of life in Sparta? preparing for battles

  15. How Persia called the road that connected Persia with Anatolia? royal road

  16. What type of democracy Unites States Have? representative democracy

  17. What caused the Peloponnesian War to begin? Greek cities feared Athens would control Greece.

  18. What was the result of the Peloponnesian War? Athens and Sparta agreed to a truce.

  19. What allowed Philip of Macedonia to easily conquer the Greeks? Athens refused to send its navy to fight.

  20. What was the relationship between Philip of Macedonia and Alexander the Great? Philip was Alexander’s father.

  21. Which place did Alexander conquer without fighting a battle? Egypt

  22. Alexander died at the age of 33 after he got sick in Babylon.

  23. What happened to Alexander’s empire after he died? It was divided into four kingdoms.

  24. Democracy in Greece started in the city of Athens

  25. Aegean: Sea lies to the east of the Greek mainland.

  26. The ancient Greeks believed that their Gods caused events like thunder and earthquakes.

  27. Cyrus the Great is considered the founder of the Persian Empire.

  28. One improvement that Darius made to the Persian Empire was the creation of Roads

  29. Helots were an important part of Spartan society.

  30. Athenian domination of the Delian League

  31. Hellenistic culture brought Greek customs to new parts of the world.

  32. Greek painters created detailed scenes in red and black on vases

  33. The Greeks created new kinds of writing, such as drama and poetry

  34. Socrates was arrested and sentenced to death.

  35. Aristotle taught that people should live lives of moderation.

  36. The ancient Olympic Games were held to honor the god Zeus

  37. The ruler of the gods and goddesses on Mount Olympus was Zeus.

  38. Herodotus Ancient Greek historian who was first to check facts and use multiple sources; came to be known as “the father of history”

  39. Lighthouse at Alexandria One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World; an architectural example of the spread of Greek culture to other regions

  40. Zeus Chief god of the Greeks; worshipped by all Greek city-states

  41. Socrates believed in absolute truth and that all real knowledge was within each person; critic of the Sophists

  42. Rome Growing empire that eventually conquered the Greek mainland after Alexander’s empire had been divided among

  43. The Socratic Method Learning technique that encouraged students to answer and ask questions in order to find the answers for themselves

  44. Trojan Horse Construction that hid Greek soldiers so they could sneak into an enemy city

  45. Parthenon Temple in Athens; built to honor the goddess Athena

  46. Hellenistic era Period during which Greek art, architecture, and, philosophy, and literature all flourished

  47. The code of conduct still practiced by modern doctors was developed by Hippocrates

  48. The Peloponnesian War resulted from conflict between Athens and Sparta

  49. Greek philosophers Socrates, Aristotle, Plato

  50. It is the type of government favored in Sparta Oligarchy

  51. What were two important Greek city-states? Athens and Sparta

  52. Alexander the Great was from? Macedonian

  53. The library here attracted scholars from all over the world. Alexandria

  54. This Macedonian king loved Greek culture and planned to conquer Persia. Philip II

  55. What are some contributions from ancient Greece? Democracy, drama, epics, architecture, Hippocratic Oath.

  56. Mount Olympus Highest mountain in Greece where people believed is the home to the gods

  57. Thucydides Considered by some to be the greatest historian of the ancient world

  58. Myth A traditional story about gods and heroes

  59. Pythagoras Taught that the universe followed the same rules as music and numbers

  60. The Greeks hoped to earn the favor of their gods and goddesses by performing rituals, sacrifices, and festivals

  61. Why was Socrates sentenced to death? His teachings threatened the Athenian government by promoting open debate

  62. Who believed that the best form of government combined parts of monarchy, oligarchy, and democracy? Aristotle

  63. author wrote in The Republic that an ideal nation would have a just and fair government led by philosopher Plato

Caspian Sea

Nile River

Jordan River

Red sea

Persian Gulf

Black sea



Dead Sea


Mediterranean Sea

Aegean Sea




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