Ancient Greece & Rome Study Guide Ancient Greece Describe the geography

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Ancient Greece & Rome Study Guide
Ancient Greece

  1. Describe the GEOGRAPHY of Ancient Greece. How did the geography of Greece impact the political situation of the ancient Greek city-states?

  1. Early Greek Settlers:


Year Founded

Major Characteristics




  1. Features of the City-State:

    1. What is a polis? What did the Greek polis’ include?

    1. What is an acropolis?

  1. Different Forms of Government:

Form of Government

Who Rules?

Major Characteristics




Direct Democracy

  1. Athens v. Sparta – HOPEFULLY you know this by now!! Make sure you review these two!

  1. Unity and Division – What characteristics unified Greek city-states? What divided them?

  1. Trojan War, Persian War, Peloponnesian War – CAUSES, OPPONENTS, OUTCOMES:








  1. The Golden Age of Athens:

    1. What sparked the Golden Age of Athens?

    1. Who was Pericles and what were his 3 goals for Athens?

    1. What was the aim of Greek art and architecture?

  1. Alexander the Great and Hellenistic Culture:

    1. Macedonia:

      1. Where was it?

      1. How did the Macedonians & the Greeks view one another?

      1. Who was Philip II & what were his primary accomplishments?

    1. Alexander the Great:

      1. Who was Alexander the Great and what were his primary accomplishments?

      1. What was the extent of Alexander’s empire?

    1. Hellenistic Culture:

      1. What were the contributing influences in regards to Hellenistic culture?

      1. How was Hellenistic culture developed?

    1. What was the significance of Alexandria?

Ancient Rome

  1. The Early Peoples of Rome – how did the Etruscans influence life on the Italian Peninsula?

  1. The Legend of Romulus and Remus

  1. What is the definition of a republic?

  1. Describe the TWO MAIN social groups of the Roman Republic. What was the primary difference between the two groups?

  1. Describe the structure of Roman Republic (i.e. Consuls, Senate, Dictator)

  1. How & why was the Tribune established?

  1. Julius Caesar and his reforms  end of the Republic…

  1. The First and Second Triumvirates (group of 3 leaders)

  1. Octavian/Augustus  beginning of Empire…

  1. The Pax Romana

  1. Greco-Roman Culture:

    1. Science and Technology

    1. Architecture

    1. Language/Literature

    1. Societal Factors (Family, Women, Education, etc.)

  1. Christianity:

    1. Basic Information & Beliefs

    1. Who did Christianity initially appeal to? Why?

    1. How did the Roman Emperors feel about the development of Christianity? Why?

  1. Reasons for the Decline of the Roman Empire:

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