Ancient Greece & Rome dbq

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Ancient Greece & Rome DBQ

Grade Level:



World Cultures

Prepared By:


Overview & Purpose

Student will complete a DBQ on the contributions of Ancient Greece & Rome

Chapter 3 & 4 Education Standards addressed – Highlighted standards are used in this lesson

SS.A.2.3.6 knows the major events that shaped the development of various cultures, e.g., the spread of agrarian societies, population movements, technological and cultural innovations and the emergence of new population centers. SS.A.2.3.4 understands the impact of geographical factors on the historical development of civilizations. SS.A.2.3.7 knows significant achievements in art and architecture in various urban areas of the Renaissance, e.g., the pyramids in Egypt, temples in ancient Greece, bridges and aqueducts in ancient Rome, changes in European art and architecture between the Middle Ages and the High Renaissance. SS.A.2.3.5 knows significant historical leaders who shaped the development of early cultures, e.g., military, political, and religious leaders in various civilizations. SS.A.2.3.8 knows the political, social and economic institutions that characterized the significant aspects of Eastern and Western Civilizations. SS.A.2.3.1 understands how language ideas and institutions of one culture can influence other cultures, e.g., through trade, exploration, and immigration. SS.A.3.3.2 understands the historical events that have shaped the development of cultures throughout the world. SS.A.3.3.5 understands the differences between institutions of Eastern and Western Civilizations, e.g., differences in governments, social traditions and customs, economic systems and religious institutions. SS.B.2.3.2 knows the human and physical characteristics of different places in the world and how these characteristics change over time.SS.B.2.3.8 knows world patterns of resource distribution and utilization. SS.B.1.3.4 understands how factors such as culture and technology influence the perception of places and regions. SS.B.1.3.5 knows ways in which the spatial organization of a society changes over time. SS.C.2.3.4 understands what constitutes personal, political, and economic rights and the major documentary sources of these rights. SS.D.2.3.1 understands how production and distribution decisions are determined in the United States economy and how these decisions compare to those made in market, tradition based, command, and mixed economic systems.

Teacher Guide


(Specify skills/information that will be learned.)

Students will analyze primary & secondary sources and write a well thought out essay on the contributions of Ancient Greece and Rome

Materials Needed

  • Bell ringer written on the board

  • Class set of DBQ

  • Loose leaf paper


  • Students will complete the bell ringer

  • Students will analyze sources and answer scaffolding questions

  • Students will write a minimum of 3 paragraphs that explains the contributions of Ancient Greece and Rome to modern American civilization.


DBQ will be worth 50 points – a quiz grade

Student Resources

  • Pen/pencil

  • Interactive notebook

ESOL / ESE / 504 Strategies

Preferential Seating, Establish a daily routine, Use visual representations, Simplify vocabulary, Reduce Non-essential details, Check word choice, Use small sequential steps, Verbal and written directions, Assign Buddies, Peer Tutors, Utilize cooperative learning, Shortened assignments, Use alternative assignments, Utilize oral techniques: cueing, chunking, Utilize outlines and organizers, Utilize ESOL teacher for assistance, Use alternative assessments, Materials read aloud, Simplified Materials, Supplementary materials, Study guides, Extra time on assignments, Shortened assignments, Partner assignments, Use small sequential steps, Use of notes on tests.


Current events assigned on Monday due on Friday

Ancient Greece & Rome DBQ

The following question is based on the accompanying documents (1 - 4). Some of these have been edited for the purpose of this task. This question is designed to test your ability to work with historical documents. As you analyze the documents, take into account both the source of the document and the author’s point of view.


  1. ♦ Write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction with a topic sentence that answers the essay question (or thesis statement), a body with several paragraphs explaining and supporting your answer and a conclusion.

  2. ♦ Analyze the documents

  3. ♦ Use evidence from documents to support your answer

  4. ♦ Include specific related outside information.

Historic Background: The civilizations of the Eastern Hemisphere laid the foundation for the modern world. Many contributions such as inventions, technology, arts, architecture and ideas continue to influence our lives today.


For Part A, read each document carefully and answer the question or questions after each document. Then read the directions for Part B and write your essay.

For Part B, use your answers from Part A, information from the documents, and your knowledge of social studies to write a well organized essay. In the essay you should:
Describe three ancient contributions that continue to influence our lives. Explain how they affect daily life.

Document 1:

Greek builders made use of many stone columns. The three shown above can be identified by the top part of the column. Doric columns are plain on top. Ionic columns have scrolls and Corinthian has carved stone leaves. We still use these styles in Washington, DC; the Lincoln Memorial has Doric columns, the Jefferson Memorial has Ionic columns, and the Supreme Court has Corinthian columns.

Doric Ionic Corinthian
Column Column Column

Silver Burdett Ginn, The World and Its People

  1. 1. List two present day buildings that reflect this style of architecture.



Document 2:

Harcourt Brace Social Studies – The World 2000

  1. 1. Which ancient civilization influenced the type of government in the United States?


  1. 2. Name the type of political system in Ancient Athens.


  1. 3. Name the type of political system in the United States.


Document 3:
There is a saying that “All roads lead to Rome”. This was definitely true. The Romans built about 85,000 km of roads across the empire. The roads were used to link far-away provinces with Rome. The army used them to move soldiers quickly from area to area. Traders used roads to sell goods and food throughout the empire.

1. List three uses of the Roman roads.



Document 4:

In the United States we measure time using the Gregorian Calendar. This calendar was developed by Pope Gregory during the Middle Ages. The Gregorian Calendar is used around the world for keeping track of time.

1. Who developed the calendar we use today?


Part B:

Directions: Using the documents, the answers to the questions in Part A, and your knowledge of social studies, write a well-organized essay about three ancient contributions that continue to influence our lives. Explain how they affect their daily lives.

In your essay, remember to:

  • Describe three ancient contributions that continue to influence our lives. Explain how they affect their daily lives.

  • Include an introduction, body and a conclusion

  • Include details, examples, or reasons to develop your ideas

  • Use the information from the documents in your answer.

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