Ancient civilizations law and order


TABLE V Females should remain in guardianship even when they have attained their majority. TABLE VI



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TABLE V

  1. Females should remain in guardianship even when they have attained their majority.


TABLE VI

  1. When one makes a bond and a conveyance of property, as he has made formal declaration so let it be binding.

3. A beam that is built into a house or a vineyard trellis one may not take from its place.

5. Usucapio of movable things requires one year’s possession for its completion; but usucapio of an estate and

buildings two years.

6. Any woman who does not wish to be subjected in this manner to the hand of her husband should be absent

three nights in succession every year, and so interrupt the usucapio of each year.


TABLE VII


  1. Let them keep the road in order. If they have not paved it, a man may drive his team where he likes.

9. Should a tree on a neighbor’s farm be bend crooked by the wind and lean over your farm, you may take

legal action for removal of that tree.

10. A man might gather up fruit that was falling down onto another man’s farm.
TABLE VIII


  1. If one has maimed a limb and does not compromise with the injured person, let there be retaliation. If one has broken a bone of a freeman with his hand or with a cudgel, let him pay a penalty of three hundred coins. If he has broken the bone of a slave, let him have one hundred and fifty coins. If one is guilty of insult, the penalty shall be twenty-five coins.

  2. If one is slain while committing theft by night, he is rightly slain.

  3. If a patron shall have devised any deceit against his client, let him be accursed.

  4. If one shall permit himself to be summoned as a witness, or has been a weigher, if he does not give his testimony, let him be noted as dishonest and incapable of acting again as witness.

10. Any person who destroys by burning any building or heap of corn deposited alongside a house shall be

bound, scourged, and put to death by burning at the stake provided that he has committed the said misdeed with malice aforethought; but if he shall have committed it by accident, that is, by negligence, it is ordained that he repair the damage or, if he is too poor to be competent for such punishment, he shall receive a lighter punishment.

12. If the theft has been done by night, if the owner kills the thief, the thief shall be held to be lawfully killed.

13. It is unlawful for a thief to be killed by day…unless he defends himself with a weapon; even though he has

come with a weapon, unless he shall use the weapon and fight back, you shall not kill him. And even if he resists, first call out so that someone may hear and come up.

23. A person who had been found guilty of giving false witness shall be hurled down from the Tarpeian Rock.

26. No person shall hold meetings by night in the city.
TABLE IX


  1. The penalty shall be capital for a judge or arbiter legally appointed who has been found guilty of receiving a bribe for giving a decision.

  2. Treason: he who shall have roused up a public enemy or handed over a citizen to a public enemy must suffer capital punishment.

  3. Putting to death of any man, whosoever he might be unconvicted is forbidden.


TABLE X

  1. None is to bury or burn a corpse in the city.

3. The women shall not tear their faces nor wail on account of the funeral.

5. If one obtains a crown himself, or if his chattel does so because of his honor and valor, if it is placed on his



head, or the head of his parents, it shall be no crime.



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