Confucianism: In China, a system of beliefs and behavior based on the teachings of Confucius, who said that people should live good lives by studying ancient traditions; stressed the importance of respecting one’s family and ancestors.
Dynasty: A line of rulers who belong to the same family.
Emperor: The supreme ruler of an empire.
Empire: A group of lands and peoples ruled by one government.
Erosion: The gradual wearing away of soil and rock by wind, glaciers, or water.
Famine: A widespread lack of food resulting in hunger and starvation.
Grand School: A school begun by Confucian scholars in China that trained students for government jobs.
Levee: A wall built along a river bank to prevent flooding.