Analysis and interpretation



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Comprehension

1a What was the British government trying to do to help end the war?

1b What was the attitude of the British government towards US bombing?

1c What pressures were facing President Johnson?

Analysis and interpretation

1d Does this source tell us about the desire of the US President Johnson to get out of Vietnam?

1e What does it tell us about the problems facing US President Johnson at home?

The Case Study question

Look at your answers to the questions on source 1.

What does Source 1 suggest about why the USA found it hard to get out of Vietnam?

Does it provide evidence of military, political or both types of factors?


Comprehension

2a Write a brief summary of the type of people protesting in the stadium shown in the clip.

2b Why are they protesting?

2c Why is there such a bad relationship between Reagan and the students?

Analysis and interpretation

2d What evidence is there in this film of America being a divided society?

2e Is the Vietnam War the main cause of the divisions or just one of many causes?

The Case Study question

Look at your answers to the questions on source 2.

What does Source 2 suggest about why the USA found it hard to get out of Vietnam?

Does it provide evidence of military, political or both types of factors?


Comprehension

3a Read this summary of President Johnson’s initiative:

He was offering to restrict US bombing. This was a concession to North Vietnam. The aim of this was so that they would begin peace negotiations, because they refused to talk unless the bombing stopped.

Is this an accurate summary of what the Foreign Secretary said?



3b What did Johnson want the USSR and Britain to do?

3c What was the great danger if Johnson’s peace initiative failed?

Analysis and interpretation

3d This is a British document.

Does it give you any impression of American attitudes towards the war by 1968?

Is it a good source for examining American attitudes?

3e Why does Britain seem to be in a difficult position in terms of its attitude towards the USA?

The Case Study question

Look at your answers to the questions on source 3.

What does Source 3 suggest about why the USA found it hard to get out of Vietnam?

Does it provide evidence of military, political or both types of factors?


Comprehension

4a Why was the Tet Offensive such a shock?

4b Note down two examples which show that the USA needed to increase its commitment to Vietnam if it was going to win the war there.

4c Select two examples which show the effect of the war on America.

4d What evidence is there that the USA was using all its might against North Vietnam?

4e In what ways were the American military being held back?

Analysis and interpretation

4f Does the tone of this source tell historians about the effects of the war on attitudes of the military leaders?

4g What clues does this source give about the relative strength of

the US forces

the South Vietnamese

the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese?



The Case Study question

Look at your answers to the questions on source 4.

What does Source 4 suggest about why the USA found it hard to get out of Vietnam?

Does it provide evidence of military, political or both types of factors?


Comprehension

5a What progress seemed to be taking place in the talks?

5b What was President Nixon aiming to achieve and what was he offering?

Analysis and interpretation

5c Based on this source, how likely does a settlement look?

5d What do you think are the likely problems which might stop a successful agreement?

The Case Study question

Look at your answers to the questions on source 5.

What does Source 5 suggest about why the USA found it hard to get out of Vietnam?

Does it provide evidence of military, political or both types of factors?


Comprehension

6a Write your own brief summary of the scenes in this clip.

Analysis and interpretation

6b What does the clip tell you about:

US technology and tactics

The problems facing the US forces?

6c What does the clip tell you about:

Viet Cong technology and tactics

The qualities of the Viet Cong as fighters?

6c Do you regard this clip as shocking? Is it because of the images shown or the way they are shown?

The Case Study question

Look at your answers to the questions on source 6.

What does Source 6 suggest about why the USA found it hard to get out of Vietnam?

Does it provide evidence of military, political or both types of factors?


Comprehension

7a Who is the figure in the animal skins?

7b Explain what he is holding.

Analysis and interpretation

7c Explain why the President is shown as thought he has been living out in the wild (look at the useful notes).

7d What is the cartoon saying about how the difficulty of getting a peace settlement for Vietnam.

The Case Study question

Look at your answers to the questions on source 7.

What does Source 7 suggest about why the USA found it hard to get out of Vietnam?

Does it provide evidence of military, political or both types of factors?


Comprehension

8a The figure on the right is North Vietnam chief negotiator, Le Duc Tho. Who is the figure on the left?

Analysis and interpretation

8b Why has the cartoonist used the phrase ‘Peace With Honour’?

8c What is he saying about Nixon and US desire to get out of Vietnam by 1973?

The Case Study question

Look at your answers to the questions on source 8.

What does Source 8 suggest about why the USA found it hard to get out of Vietnam?

Does it provide evidence of military, political or both types of factors?



http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/education/




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