An OCI will have major consequences for the practice of design (see Figure 1). Our presentation in this section considers two approaches to the topic, first product design and then enterprise design.
Product Design requires extensive collections of data and knowledge to be conjoined with various algorithms in complex and application-specific ways. Bringing together these components is costly and time-consuming, and has therefore tended to be limited to enterprises that have vast resources or whose operations are common enough to be covered by standard software packages. To handle the complexity of the design process for today’s products, the new environment offered by the OCI must provide modelers, analysts, and decision-makers with a suite of analytical capabilities covering the entire design and modeling life cycle.