An international detection mechanism for near-earth objects



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1AC Practice 10-20
the gutters, 2nc Lansing Rnd5, Speech 1ac Ag runoff 8-31 12AM, Speech 1AC CAFOs personal, send cards
multitude of theories. Determining which set of theories would be most valuable will require evaluation criteria. These criteria would help to choose among competing theories and may become goals and ideals for the future development of public administration theories related to natural disasters. Public administration theories may not be able to predict the realities of the next natural disaster. No two natural disasters are alike and as they unfold they often have to be technologically, culturally, socially, and politically constructed. Some public administration theories may be more applicable to certain types of natural disasters than others. However, it is believed that public administration theories, with imagination and ingenuity, can play a more prominent role in disaster planning, mitigation, management, response, and recovery. This role may help to eliminate the inhumane characteristics that needlessly occur during and in the aftermath of natural disasters. These characteristics include pain, suffering, and the loss of human lives. THEORETICAL IDEALS Table 1 lists a set of theoretical ideals that are appropriate for planning/mitigation and for management/response. These ideals are associated with various characteristics and may be unattainable. In general, planning can follow postmodern ideals and management is often forced to revert back to traditional ideals from the established bedrock of public administration theory. Planning During the planning/mitigation stage of natural disaster thinking, hierarchical ideals can be based on structuration (Giddens, 1986) and bottom-up approaches. Bottom-up approaches are predicated by the division of labor (Schneider, 1992, p. 136). With structuration, the planning/mitigation process can evolve over time and through space that is fluid and allows for transformations that would govern rules and resources. The duality of structure is important. This structure creates social action that makes mitigation and planning meaningful and it in turn influences structure. Actors engaged in this social action are
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