An exhibition of material from the Monash University Library Rare Books Collection



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Recent Acquisitions 5

An exhibition of material from the Monash University Library Rare Books Collection




Introduction


Every few years the Monash Rare Books Collection stages an exhibition of material recently acquired. The most recent was held in 2005. The collection is constantly being added to. The current exhibition includes books added to the collection since 2006, mostly in subject areas covered by our previous exhibitions.


The Rare Books Collection, consisting of over 130,000 items, has as its nucleus material by and about Jonathan Swift purchased from the Swift scholar and collector David Woolley when the University began in 1961. In the early years of the collection Swift and his circle were used as a focus, concentrating on English material from the late 17th and the 18th centuries.
Although some early items are still being purchased, the focus has now shifted to the 19th, 20th and 21st centuries, reflecting current trends in scholarship at Monash. This display shows material of interest to the student of popular culture, Australian history and literature, children’s books and games, as well as some pre-1800 offerings, particularly from the collection of the late Professor Harold Love, a scholar of the Restoration and of 19th century Australian drama who spent much of his career in the Monash University English Department.

Richard Overell

Rare Books Librarian

January 2009

Highlights




1. Moxon, Joseph, 1627-1691

Paradise: or the garden of Eden with the countries circumjacent inhabited by the patriarchs (London: [1720?]) 1 map, colour, copper engraving 31.5 x 46.5 cm.

This was one of a series of six biblical maps published in Dutch by Nicolaes Visscher in 1671. They were translated into English by Moxon, and published in an atlas entitled, Sacred Geographie or Scriptural Mapps, (London, Moxon, 1691).


“The Garden of Eden or Paradice” can be seen at the junction of the Hiddekel (Tigris) and Euphrates Rivers, near the Tower of Babel.

2. Dexter, Caroline, 1819-1884

Ladies almanack, 1858, the Southern Cross, or, Australian album and New Year's gift: the first ladies almanack published in the colonies, respectfully inscribed to the ladies of Victoria by the authoress. (Melbourne: W. Calvert, 1858). From the collection of John Chapman, with his bookplate.

This beautiful example of Victorian publishing from the gold-rush era comes from the library of local book collector John Chapman. His books, noted for their fine condition, were sold at auction in Melbourne by Peter Arnold in 2004.


Caroline Dexter was living in Gippsland when she wrote this work. It provides the lady colonists with an almanac to use for the year, as well as poems and articles, in which we see a distinct sympathy for the Aboriginals. The book is illustrated by her husband, the artist, William Dexter. Caroline soon moved to Melbourne where she lived in Brighton and was prominent in the local artistic and literary scene.

3. Religious Tract Society (Great Britain)

The Servants' Library (London: Religious Tract Society, Depository, 56, Paternoster Row, London, 1850?), 25 volumes in book case.

A collection of 25 numbered books, published by the Religious Tract Society, accompanied by a single leaf inventory, housed in a specially-made wooden case.


The set includes a single leaf inventory of the library. Each volume is numbered on the spine. In addition, there are three other RTS publications, "Learning to feel", "Learning to act" and "Learning to think"; the whole being housed in a specially-made wooden case.
The books are uplifting works, including The Pilgrim’s progress, Baxter’s Call to the unconverted and The faithful servant; also in the set are devotional stories such as, Waste not, want not and Sarah and her mistress.

4. National Games Co.

Specimen book of 23 board games, National Games Co. (Melbourne, 1929)

This is a commercial traveller’s sample book of children’s board games. The games date from about 1900 to the 1920s and include themes such as the Boer War, “Called to arms”, and World War I, “Dug outs and trenches”.


It was purchased at the Richard Berry sale, September 2007.

5. Clarkson, Thomas, 1760-1846

Le cri des Africains contre les Européens, leurs oppresseurs, ou, Coup d'œ sur le commerce homicide appelé traite des noirs, par Thomas Clarkson, MA; traduit de l'anglais. (Londres: imprimé par G. Schulze, 13, Poland Street, 1821)

A translation into French of Clarkson’s The cries of Africa, to the inhabitants of Europe, the work was part of the agitation against slavery, and is most notable for the fold-out plate showing the crowding on board the slave ships.



6. Woodward, Josiah, 1660-1712

An account of the societies for reformation of manners, in England and Ireland: with a persuasive to persons of all ranks, to be zealous and diligent in promoting the execution of the laws against prophaneness and debauchery; for the effecting a national reformation. Published with the approbation of a considerable number of the lords spiritual and temporal, and honourable judges of both kingdoms, 3rd ed. (London: printed for B Aylmer, and A Bell, 1700)

After the accession of William and Mary in 1688, there was a reaction against the licentiousness of the Restoration period, and Societies for the Reformation of Manners were formed to attempt to influence authorities to legislate against immorality. The copy of the book on display includes, written on a fly leaf, in a contemporary hand, a list of “Unlawfull games.” As well as the obvious ones such as “Carding”, “Boarbaitings”, and “Bearbaitings”, the list includes games such as “Tennis” and “Football.”



7. Aristotle, pseud.

Aristotle's works compleated in four parts. Aristotle's compleat master piece. Aristotle's compleat and experienc'd midwife. Aristotle's book of problems. Aristotle's last legacy, unfolding the mysteries of nature in the generation of man. (London: printed and sold by the booksellers, 1749).



Aristotle’s masterpiece is a sex manual and midwifery book which first appeared in England in 1684. Although attributed to Aristotle the philosopher, it is thought to have been written by William Salmon. It has the reputation of being semi-pornographic and was banned in Britain until the 1960s. Usually printed on poor paper with illustrations from damaged wood-cuts, it was sold surreptitiously by booksellers who often dealt in other lines such as birth control appliances.
The frontispiece shows Aristotle with a hairy woman and a black baby. The text explains that the hairy woman was the result of her mother looking at a Bible illustration of John the Baptist in the desert, wearing skins; while the black baby, born of a white couple, is the result of his mother looking at a picture of a black man at the moment of conception.

8. Swift, Jonathan, 1667-1745

Gulliver's travels into several remote nations of the world, by Jonathan Swift; with the life of the author. (London: printed for A.K. Newman and Dean and Munday, 1819)

This edition of Gulliver’s Travels is notable for the engravings by Richard Corbould.



9. Miller, John, 1715-1790?

An illustration of the sexual system of Linnaeus, vol 1, by John Miller, (London: printed for Robert Faulder, New Bond Street, 1794)

Vol1 was all that was published of this edition. It includes 108 leaves of colour plates.



10. André, R. (Richard), 1834-1907

By land & water: a trip personally conducted by McLoughlin Bros., the pictures by R. André. (New York : McLoughlin Bros., c1889)

A nineteenth-century children's book which shows the fascination of the time with travel, particularly in the new and exotic conveyances. The world tour begins in England on horse-back, and ends in America on the most contemporary forms of bicycle. The tour takes in Australia for a trip on the Blue Mountains zig-zag railway.



11. Brassey, Annie, 1839-1887

Lady Brassey's three voyages in the "Sunbeam”, (London : Longmans, Green, 1886)

Lady Brassey was the wife of Liberal politician, Thomas Brassey. He was a specialist on naval affairs and had his own steam-yacht, the Sunbeam. The Brasseys made a round the world trip in 1876-77, described by Lady Brassey in her Voyage in the "Sunbeam"; our home on the ocean for eleven months (1878) This was an immediate success and she published two further accounts of later travels in the boat. All three are reprinted here.


Lady Brassey made a further journey in the Sunbeam, to India, Borneo and Australia in 1886-87 but died at sea, of malaria. Thomas Brassey was later appointed Governor of Victoria (1895-1900).

12. Nesbit, E. (Edith), 1858-1924

Songs of the cornfield, by E Nesbit (London: Raphael Tuck & sons, [1890])

This beautiful novelty gift book, printed lithographically at the Fine Art Works in Saxony, is die-cut in shape of a straw hat. Edith Nesbit would later become famous as the author of The Railway Children (1906).


13. McCubbin, Frederick, 1855-1917

The art of Frederick McCubbin : forty-five illustrations in colour and black and white : with essay by James MacDonald and some remarks on Australian art by the artist. (Melbourne, Vic. ; Sydney : Lothian Book Pub. Co. Pty. Ltd., 1916)

This is one of the earliest full-scale works on an Australian painter. It is a fine example of Melbourne publishing, a folio-size limited edition, notable for its gilt decorated cloth. The biographical chapter is by McCubbin’s son, Alexander.



14. Ryrie, John, 1961-

A man who went to see the sea / John Ryrie. (Melbourne : John Ryrie, 2008)

One of the highlights of the Monash Rare Book Collection is its holdings of Australian artist’s books. John Ryrie is one of the most talented of the local artists in this field. This is his latest work, produced in an edition of eight copies; a poem, on a single sheet, folded concertina-style, illustrated with coloured linocuts.



15. The Australian worker: official journal of the Australian Workers' Union (Sydney : AWU, 1895-1917)

We have a long run of Labor Call and have recently been able to acquire some early volumes of The Australian Worker, and of its predecessor, The Worker.


The war-time issues are especially interesting on the Anti-Conscription campaigns fought against Labor Prime Minister, Billy Hughes.

16. Konzentrationslager: ein Appell an das Gewissen der Welt ein Buch der Greuel, die Opfer klagen an. (Karlsbad: Verlagsanstalt "Graphia", 1934)

An example of the opposition to Hitler within Germany in 1934, this book consists of articles by people who had already suffered in Hitler’s camps. Among the illustrations is a plan of Dachau.


The title translates as, “Concentration camp: an appeal to the conscience of the world a book of the horrors, the victims accuse.” The title on the cover gives the names of the camps and proclaims, “Adolf Hitler, your victims accuse you. An appeal to the conscience of the world.”

17. Erman, Adolf, 1854-1937

Life in ancient Egypt / described by Adolf Erman; translated by H.M. Tirard, (London; New York: Macmillan, 1894)

Part of our Egyptology collection, this volume features a red pictorial binding, with hieroglyphic decorations in black and gilt.



18. Cullen, Countee, 1903-1946

Color / by Countee Cullen, 1st ed, (New York; London: Harper & Brothers, 1925)

This was the first volume of verse published by a black American. Many of the poems deal with problems of race, and the book was greeted with universal acclaim. In the late 1920s and early 1930s, Cullen was generally considered the leading poet of the Harlem Renaissance.



19. Allum, Mahomet, ca.1858-1964

The holy prayers from the holy Quran / compiled by Mohamed Manzur Ilahi. (Adelaide: Mahomet Allum, [193-?])

The Muslim catechism / by Muhammad Manzur Ilahi. (Adelaide: Mahomet Allum, [193-?])

History of Islamism in Australia from 1863-1932 / edited by Mohamed Hasan Musakhan. (Adelaide: Mahomet Allum, 1932)

Genuine Islam / Mohammad Allum. (Adelaide: Mahomet Allum, [1934]

Why I am leaving Australia, and other interesting articles / by Mahomet Allum. (Adelaide: Mahomet. Allum, [1934?])

A message for every human being : men and women, wake up and take notice ; do not be misled, think for yourselves : listen to what Mahomet Allum, born in Kandahar, Afghanistan, has to tell you. (Adelaide : Mahomet. Allum, [1946])

Mahomet Allum was a well-known Adelaide figure. He arrived in Australia in the 1880s, working as a camel driver in the interior and in Western Australia. He settled in Adelaide in the late 1920s. As a herbalist and healer, he attracted a large and enthusiastic clientele. Mahomet was a zealous promoter of Islam and the History of Islamism in Australia from 1863-1932 which he published for his Perth friend, Mohamed Hasan Musakhan, includes a list of 204 Australian Muslims who subscribed to the publication. He left Australia in 1934 for Afghanistan but a petition of 10,000 people convinced him to return.



20. Boys of England story papers

Pantomime Joe, or: an orphan boy's career, (London: Boys of England office, [ca 1880]) 2 v.

Young Bob Blunt, the traveller. (London: Boys of England office, [188-?]) 2 v.

Hal Harkforward and Tom Tallyho's schooldays. (London : Boys of England office, [1898]) 1 v.



Boys of England was "a journal of sport, travel, fun, and instruction for the youths of all nations”, a weekly paper, edited by E.J. Brett from 1866 to 1899. Many of the serials which ran in the pages of the magazine were reprinted in book form with brightly coloured covers. We have a large collection of these and of similar boy’s papers from the period.

21. Detective pulps

Detective action stories, (Chicago: Popular Publications, 1930-1937)

Detective book magazine, (New York, NY: Fiction House, 1930-1953)

Inside detective (Washington, D.C.: Exposed Publishing Co., 1935-)

We have a large collection of pulp magazines in various genres. These examples of true crime and hard-boiled detective stories are from the golden age of pulp, the 1930s, purchased at the first Berry auction in 2008.



Wall Cases 1-4

Occult




21. The fatal book opened: an authentic account of John Albert, a young gentleman in Hamburgh, who by the constant study of the works of Friar Bacon and Doctor Faustus and other books of magic and astrology, had acquired an awful knowledge of cabalistics, necromancy and the black art. (Otley, Eng. : William Walker, [1830]) Single leaf broadside

One of the most popular exhibitions we have done was on the Occult, in 1988. We continue to collect in the area. This large and striking broadside shows the devil about to claim the soul of John Albert who had entered into a Faustian pact to acquire knowledge of the black arts.



Harold Love



22. Prior, Matthew, 1664-1721.

Poems on several occasions. (London : printed for Jacob Tonson, and John Barber, 1718)

Professor Harold Love was one of the most active members of the Monash University English Department. His main field was the literature of the Restoration, and he was a keen collector of books and pamphlets from the period. His library was well-known to contain several copies of Matthew Prior’s 1718 edition of Poems on several occasions. Editing texts was one of Harold’s specialisations and he knew the importance of comparing as many copies as possible, impressing upon his students that no two copies of a book from the hand-press period are ever identical. As part of his bequest to Monash he left instructions that his antiquarian books be given to the Rare Books Collection. We thank his widow, Rosaleen Love, for her generosity and support.




Illustrated Papers




23. The Australasian sketcher with pen and pencil. (Melbourne : Printed and published at The Argus Office for Wilson and Mackinnon, 1873-1889) 17 v.




24. The Illustrated Australian news. (Melbourne : Ebenezer and David Syme, 1876-1889)

These were the two major illustrated papers in Melbourne during the 1870s and 1880s.The Australasian sketcher was published by The Argus and The Illustrated Australian news by The Age. They were modelled on the Illustrated London News, but whereas that journal appeared weekly, the colonial versions were monthlies.


They are essential tools for the study of Australian life of the period. The Monash copies are from the collection of Rodney Davidson.

English Literature

Flat Case 1

25. Montagu, Frederic.

Gleanings in Craven: in a tour from Bolton-Abbey to Ambleside. : In six letters to a friend in India / by Frederic Montagu. Of Lincoln's Inn. (London : Simpkin, Marshall, and Co., and J. Tasker, Skipton : Bancks and Co., Manchester ; J. Cross and J.Y. Knight, Leeds ; H. Bellerby, York ; and all other Booksellers., 1838)

Research has shown that the Brontes were familiar with this travel book and drew upon it for background information when writing Wuthering Heights and Jane Eyre.

26. Posteritas.

The siege of London / by "Posteritas." (London : Wyman & Sons, 1885)

This novel falls into the genre of “imaginary war fiction”. The plot sees Gladstone’s government toppled trying to pass another Reform Bill. A rebellion breaks out in Ireland, the Russians invade India, and France demands control of Egypt. When Parliament refuses the French ultimatum, Britain is invaded by France and defeated.

The tone was set for this type of fiction by Sir George Chesney's The Battle of Dorking (1871) which saw Britain invaded by Germany. The author’s message usually was that more expenditure be made on defence.



27. Donnelly, Ignatius, 1831-1901.

Caesar's column : a story of the twentieth century / by Edmund Boisgilbert (Ignatius Donnelly). (London : Frederick Warne and Co., 1891)

An example of “future fiction”, this dystopian novel is set in 1988. Donnelly wrote partly to present a more realistic view of the twentieth century than that shown by Edward Bellamy in his popular socialist utopia, Looking backward (1888).

Donnelly’s late twentieth-century America is ruled by a plutocratic elite while the masses are brutalized and oppressed. Anarchists bring about a revolution but the country descends into chaos, with the hero escaping to Uganda where he sets up an ideal society in isolation.



28. Bedford, John Thomas, 1812-1900.

Robert : or notes from the diary of a city waiter. Second series / with illustrations by Charles Keene. (London : Bradbury, Agnew, & Co., [1888])

This series of sketches is written in the Cockney dialect; it appeared originally in Punch. The “first series” was published in 1885.




29. Juloc.

Boarding-house reminiscences : or, the pleasure of living with others / by Juloc; illustrations by Paul Frenzeny. (London : T.Fisher Unwin, 1896)

“Juloc” was the pen-name of D. Havelock Fisher. This is an example of literature of the lower middle-class and is rich in the minor period detail so important for the social historian.



30. Yeats, W. B. (William Butler), 1865-1939.

Reveries over childhood & youth / William Butler Yeats. (London : Macmillan, 1916)



Reveries was the first volume of Yeats’ autobiography. It has a decorated cloth cover with a symbolist theme of the child and the man, by Thomas Sturge Moore. It originally appeared in 1915 in a Cuala Press limited edition.

Australian Literature

Flat Case 2



31. Clarke, Marcus, 1846-1881.

His natural life / by Marcus Clarke. (London: Richard Bentley, 1875) 3 v.

Originally published in a one-volume edition (Melbourne, George Robertson, 1874) this was the first English edition, in three volumes. Bentley employed the novelist Mrs. Cashel Hoey to edit the text and, as a result, the English version differs substantially from that published in Melbourne.


32. Beach, Charles A, 1818-1883

Lost Lenore: or, the adventures of a rolling stone / edited by Mayne Reid. (London: C.H. Clarke, [1865])

Captain Mayne Reid was a well-known writer of adventure stories. As he explains in the preface to this novel, he merely edited Beach’s fictionalised memoirs for publication. It includes the first account of the events in 1854 at the Eureka Stockade, Ballarat, to appear in a novel. Chapter 72 “The Eureka rout” contains most of the detail, written from the point of view of one who was there, fought and fled.



33. Walker, William Sylvester, b. 1846

At Possum Creek / by William Sylvester Walker (Coo-ee). (London : JJ Bennett, Ltd, 1915)


This novel is most notable for the startling illustration of a headless horseman on the cover.

34. Martin, A. Patchett (Arthur Patchett), 1851-1902

Over the sea: stories of two worlds / by Mrs. Campbell Praed, "Tasma", Mrs. Patchett Martin, Miss. M. Senior Clark, Countess De la Warr, Frederic E. Weatherly, Hume Nisbet, H. B. Marriott Watson ; edited by A. Patchett Martin ; illustrated in colour by H.J. Johnstone, T.J. Hughes, R. Carrick and in black and white by Emily J. Harding, Marcella Walker, A.W. Wall ; engravings by Ch. Guillaume & Co. (Philadelphia : Lippincott, [1890])

Patchett Martin was an Melbourne writer and editor who went to London in 1883 where he and his wife were tireless in promoting Australian literature, editing several anthologies, often including stories by Tasma and Mrs Praed.



35. Martin, A. Patchett (Arthur Patchett), 1851-1902

The beginnings of an Australian literature / by A. Patchett Martin. (London: Henry Sotheran, 1898)

As part of his belief in Australian literature Martin promoted the role of the critic. In the 1870s he was the editor of the Melbourne review. The beginnings is the text of a lecture he delivered in London. He spoke of the works of Gordon, Lawson and Paterson, stating that “the un-English, thorough Australian style and character of these new bush bards' appealed to 'the rising native population.”



36. Gilmore, Mary, Dame, 1865-1962

The tale of Tiddley Winks / by Mary Gilmore. (Sydney: The Bookfellow, [1916]) Australian poetry books, no.1

Although her reputation is as a serious poet, Mary Gilmore wrote some verses for children. This pamphlet was published by A. G. Stephens of the Bookfellow for the gift market in 1916. It was meant to be purchased and sent in place of a Christmas card. This copy, complete with its illustrated envelope, has the signature of the author and was given by her to George Mackaness. It includes a note by Mary Gilmore with her criticism of the art work, “The painting gave a dead effect. The surround is beautiful, but the bears are only middling.”


The book forms part of the gift of Mary Gilmore items from Monash academic, Jenny Strauss, the editor of The collected verse of Mary Gilmore (2007).

19th Century Australia

Flat Case 3




37. Kirkland, Katherine, 1808-1892.

Life in the bush / by a lady. [Edinburgh : William and Robert Chambers, 1845] Chambers's miscellany of useful and entertaining tracts ; v. 1, no. 8.

The vignette at the head of the text shows settlers confronting Aborigines. It is a woman’s account of early settlement in the Port Phillip District. Mrs. McGregor, née Kirkland, landed with her husband in January 1839 “at Point Henry, about eight miles from Corio, which is intended to be a town some future day” (p. 2)



38. Jung, Karl Emil, 1833-1902.

Australia, the country and its inhabitants : abridged from the larger work of Dr. K.E. Jung. (London : W. Swan Sonnenschein & Co., 1884)

Dr. Karl Emil Jung was an Inspector of Schools in South Australia, the Australian colony noted for its high percentage of German settlers. The book originally appeared as Der Weltthel Australien. The numerous illustrations are those done for the German work; many are engraved from photographs and include much on the Aborigines. The gilt decoration on the cover shows a corroboree.



39. Daly, Dominic D. Mrs.

Digging, squatting, and pioneering life in the Northern Territory of South Australia / by Mrs Dominic D. Daly. (London : Sampson Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington, 1887)

Mrs. Daly’s account of frontier life in the Northern territory gives a detailed description of the early pioneers and the hardships they endured. It includes a chapter on the Aborigines and their way of life.


The folded map of “South Australia” shows the entire extent of central Australia from north to south; from 1863 to 1909, the Northern Territory was part of South Australia.

40. Butterworth, Hezekiah, 1839-1905.

Zigzag journeys in Australia, or, a visit to the ocean world / by Hezekiah Butterworth. (Boston : Estes and Lauriat, c1891)

The Zigzag series was produced in America and included accounts of many lands. In his introduction Hezekiah Butterworth explains the aim of the series is, “to give a view of the political and moral progress of different countries, in order that young people may intelligently discuss the topics of the times.” The particular topics emphasised in this volume are “the Australian ballot system”, “the Wakefield Theory” of immigration and profit-sharing; and the reform of transported convicts.



20th Century Australia

Flat Case 4

41. Kaleski, Robert, 1877-1961.

The Australian settler's complete guide : scientific and practical / by Robt. Kaleski ; with legal chapter by Thos. Rose. (Sydney : Anthony Hordern and Sons, 1909)

Throughout its history Australia has sought to encourage settlement. Prior to World War II, British migrants were the main focus. Kaleski’s book, “written for the man on the land and for intending settlers in New South Wales” contains detailed information about all types of farming, and the equipment needed. He gives practical directions for such essential tasks as “Building the hut” (p. 59).



42. Trans-Australian Railway : turning the first sod by His Excellency Lord Denman the Governor-General, September 14, 1912. (Melbourne : McCarron, Bird & Co., 1912)

43. Trans-Australian railway : linking east and west : opening ceremony by the Right Honorable Sir Ronald Crawfurd Munroe Ferguson ... Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia. (Melbourne : Albert J. Mullett, Government Printer, 1917)

During negotiations leading up to Federation, an undertaking was made to Western Australians that a transcontinental railway would be federally-funded to link them to the Eastern states. Construction began from Port Augusta in South Australia in 1912 and also from Kalgoorlie in the west. The line was opened in 1917.



44. Rosa, Samuel Albert, b. 1866.

The invasion of Australia / by S.A. Rosa. (Sydney : Judd Publishing, 1920)

In contrast to the usual “threat from the north” publications common between the wars, this seeks to prove that there is no practical danger to Australia from any likely invasion.



45. Victoria, hub of Australia's secondary industries. Part one / [Commercial Publications Proprietary Limited]. (Melbourne : Oswald L. Ziegler, [1930]) [No further parts published]

Oswald Ziegler made a career of writing and publishing promotional books on topics ranging from the Victorian Centenary (1934) to the opening of the Sydney Opera House (1973). This publication consists of text and illustrations of a wide range of Victorian industries at the onset of the Depression.



46. People the North Committee.

People the north : an urgent message [Townsville : People the North Committee, 1963?]

Part of our policy is to collect ephemera. The value of such fugitive material for research can be shown by referring to political fliers such as this from north Queensland in 1963. The cry to populate the north has been constant in Australia since the mid-nineteenth century. Fear of invasion forms an under-current in the Australian psyche. Under the heading, “The real threat” the author of this pamphlet has this to say, “The real threat to Australia’s future may prove to be not a nuclear bomb in a dictator’s hands but a hungry baby in an Asian mother’s arms.”


Communism

Flat Case 5

47. Drahn, Ernst, b. 1873.

Deutscher Revolutions Almanack für das Jahr 1919 : uber die Ereignisse des Jahres 1918 / [herausgeber Ernst Drahn [und] Ernst Friedegg. (Hamburg ; Berlin : Hoffmann & Campe ; [1919])

This is a socialist almanac published in Germany immediately after the war. In the aftermath of the Russian Revolution German anarchists and socialists hoped for their own revolution. However, despite the harsh conditions in the beaten country, the unrest was contained.



48. Langridge, H. E.

Free bread : true Labour's first step, a bloodless revolution / by Harry E. Langridge. (Melbourne : H.E. Langridge, 1930)

Harry Langridge was active in left wing circles in Melbourne over a long period. He believed in the communist ideal and was hopeful that the Labour Party and the Communist party could form a united front. To clarify his position he prefixes a “Note”,

Though communaliser in ideal, the author is socialist before communist, and is Labourist before either. The so-named “Labour” party’s objective is a communising one; it excludes “Communist-Party”-ites but not communists.

In this book he outlines a plan for government intervention to alleviate the plight of those suffering through the Depression.



49. Ilin, M. (Mikhail), 1895-1953.

Moscow has a plan : a Soviet primer / translated from the Russian of M. Ilin by G.S. Counts & N.P. Lodge ; with illustrations drawn by William Kermode. (London : Jonathan Cape, 1931)

A Russian propaganda publication explaining their “Five Year Plan”, it was meant to show the West how Communism was able to avoid the Great Depression.



50 Schwarz, Fred, 1913-

Insurance against communism. (Brisbane : Specialty Press Print, [1956?])

The text of an “Address given by Dr. Fred Schwarz of Sydney, Australia, before the members of Texas Legal Reserve Officers Association, officers of Life Insurance Companies of Texas, at the Statler Hilton Hotel, Dallas, Texas." The intention was to establish a specific insurance policy as an “antidote” to the danger of Communism.



51. Sandri, Renato.

The eleven months of Che / translated by Elfreda Morcom. ([Sydney] : Young Socialist League, [1968]) Introduction by Paula Rix, Young Socialist League, October 1968.

Che Guevara had been killed by Bolivian troops on 9th October 1967. This pamphlet is an early example of the canonisation of the Argentinian-born, Cuban revolutionary.



52. Down with the new tsars! : Soviet revisionists' anti-China atrocities on the Heilung and Wusuli Rivers. [Peking, : Foreign Languages Press, 1969]

By the 1960s the two monoliths of world Communism, the Soviet Union and China had become enemies.


The Home

Flat Case 6

53. Thomas French & Sons.

Venetian blinds; a survey of the foundation and development of the Venetian blind, its uses, advantages and applications, together with the modern modus operandi of manufacture and selling. A standard text book for the furnishing and blind-making trades. (Manchester, Eng. ; New York city [etc.] : Thomas French & Sons, 1941)

After the war, venetian blinds became one of the hall-marks of modernism. Particularly popular in Australia were the Luxaflex blinds made of plastic in various pastel shades.



54. Masonite replaces metal [Sydney : Masonite Corporation, [194-]

This blotter issued during World War II by the Masonite Corporation in Sydney shows refrigerators built using Masonite. Masonite was invented by William Mason in Mississippi in 1924 and is made from wood pulp. It is notoriously susceptible to deterioration when wet so its wartime use in manufacture of fridges is unexpected. However it retained its popularity in the post-war period, as a material used in the internal fittings such as cupboards, for low-cost housing.



55. Naco advertisement from:- Queensland centenary : the first 100 years 1859-1959 / edited by Arthur H. Smout ; historian, Leslie A. Slaughter. (Brisbane : Penrod, 1959)

When tracing the history of styles in architecture and domestic interiors, it is essential to look at advertisements in contemporary publications. On the back cover of the Queensland centenary souvenir (1959) we find a large advertisement for the Brisbane firm, Naco. They produced a wide range of plastic and metal fixtures and fittings for houses and their graphic shows a typical interior from the late 1950s.



56. Town planning or muddle? ([Melbourne] : Town and Country Planning Association, [196-?])

After the war and well into the 1960s there was a building boom in the Australian capitals. These developments, however, tended to be un-coordinated and as the responsibilities of official town planning became evident groups such as Melbourne’s Town and Country Planning Association put forward the case for re-developing the City centre, as well as building freeways and suburban shopping towns.


Women

Flat Case 7

57. Mem.

Farm life for reformatory girls : being an account of a visit to "Brookside" Private Reformatory, with editorial comments / by Mem. (Melbourne : Melville, Mullen & Slade and M.L. Hutchinson, 1890)

Brookside Farm was established by Mrs. Elizabeth Rowe in 1887 to provide a country life for neglected and wayward girls. After training in farm work and domestic duties, many of the girls found employment in the homes of squatters, farmers and nearby townsfolk. The editorial comments, which follow the journalist’s description of the visit, make a case for the closure of the Coburg Reformatory for Girls in favour of expanding Brookside Farm and establishing another similar one in the country. However, in 1899 seven of the girls absconded and, when caught, complained of harsh treatment. As a result, the women’s rights, Alice Henry, visited the farm and wrote critically about their methods. In 1903, after the death of Mrs. Rowe, it was closed.



58. Bebel, August, 1840-1913.

Woman in the past, present and future / by August Bebel ; translated from the German by H. B. Adams Walther. (London : William Reeves, [ca. 1900]) [From the collection of Howard Norbury; donor: Rosa McCall]

The original German title was Frau und der Sozialismus, translated in America as Woman under Socialism. Bebel’s intention was to point out that for women to gain the equality they deserve, society must be re-organised on socialist lines.



59. Knowlton, Charles, 1800-1850

The fruits of philosophy : the private companion for young married people / [by Charles Knowlton]. "Genuine edition of the work published by Charles Bradlaugh and Annie Besant" (Melbourne : Will Andrade, [1905]) [From the collection of Howard Norbury; donor: Rosa McCall]

Knowlton was a young American doctor who wrote on birth control. He was fined for circulating The fruits of philosophy among his patients. A Boston printer was fined and imprisoned for three months for publishing a second edition. In 1877 Charles Bradlaugh and Annie Besant were prosecuted for publishing an English edition. They were found guilty of obscenity, fined and sentenced to six months in prison, the sentences were overturned on appeal.


Will Andrade was a radical bookseller in Melbourne; his edition includes illustrated advertisements for birth control devices, available from Andrade’s Medical Department, 201 Bourke Street, Melbourne.



60. Parry, A. B. (Annie Bertha), b. 1886.

War and the woman / by Sister A.B. Parry; with a foreword by W, M. Hughes. (Kingsford, N.S.W. : [1939])

This was written in January 1939 when the outbreak of war seemed inevitable. Billy Hughes wrote in his Foreword,

Sister Parry, in this excellent book, has set out in clear and simple language just what problems will confront the civilian population of our great cities, and the manner in which woman who cannot go to the battle front can perform an equally useful task by combating the terrible effects of Air raids.

I would like to see a copy of this booklet in the hands of every woman in Australia.


61. ·The housewife : official organ of the Housewives' Association, Howey Court. (Melbourne : Housewives Association of Victoria, 1937-1948

The wartime issues of this magazine are especially important for details of women on the home-front. This volume is open to show the issues for May and June 1943. On the back cover of the May issue we see the Association’s aims which begin:-



  1. To reduce the cost of living.

  2. To advocate the appointment of women to all Boards and Tribunals dealing with affairs of the home and the cost of living.

62. Young, Mary.

Charm is not enough / Mary Young. (Leicester, Leicestershire : Brockhampton Press, 1965) [Lindsay Shaw Collection]

A book written for teenagers and young women who have just begun work or moved out of home, this is very practical book aimed at making girls more self-reliant. As well as questions of style and grooming, the author deals at length with problems such as budgeting (how to live on £10 per week) and overcoming set-backs either at work or in your personal life. Among the list of “Useful addresses,” we find the Family Planning Association, “for enquiries from the girl about to get married.”


Sport

Flat Case 8


63. Alcock, Henry Upton.

Billiards and other games of the table : profusely illustrated with diagrams, &c / compiled by Henry Upton Alcock ; revised and corrected by John Roberts, Jun. 4th ed. (Melbourne : George Robertson, 1877)

First published 1863, Alcock on Billiards became the standard work in the Australian colonies. Henry Alcock came to Australia during the gold rush but by 1860 was in business making billiard tables. The Alcock firm is still the leading local supplier of billiard, pool and snooker tables.



64. Alexander, A. (Alexander), ca. 1849-1928.

Healthful exercises for girls / by A. Alexander. 4th ed., rev. & enl. (London : George Philip, 1893)

The cover illustration shows women doing archery. The book is mainly devoted to calisthenics, but also includes chapters on swimming and Indian clubs.



65. Staton, W. R.

The sporting English? : a commentary / by a Man in the Street. (Sydney : Macquarie Head Press, [1933])

This is part of the Australian outburst over the unsportsmanlike behaviour of the English on the cricket field during the 1932-33 Bodyline tour of Australia.



66. Centenary games : souvenir programme, Melbourne Cricket Ground, January 26th & 28th 1935. (Melbourne : Victorian Amateur Athletic Association, 1935)

The “Centenary games” formed part of the year-long celebrations (1934-35) of the centenary of the founding of Melbourne.


67. Redex reliability trial annual. (Rockdale, N.S.W. : Scientific Magazines Publishing Co., -1954)
Redex was an oil additive. To promote their product the company organised the Redex Reliability Trial which was first held in 1953. The route was round Australia, starting and finishing in Sydney. The 1953 trial was 6,500 miles, expanded to 9,600 miles in 1954 and finally, in 1955, it was 10.500 miles. The 1954 trial was won in 17 days by Gelignite Jack Murray in his Ford V8.

Tourism

Flat Case 9




68. Hunt, Shelley Leigh, 1843-

Tropical trials : a hand-book for women in the tropics / by Major S. Leigh Hunt and Alexander S. Kenny. (London : W. H. Allen, 1883)

This is a very practical book treating the dangers and discomforts women are likely to feel in their journeys to the tropics. It begins by suggesting suitable clothing and equipment to pack, and proceeds through the experiences on board ship or travelling over-land. Then there are chapters on diet, dealing with domestic arrangements, and health issues, including “excessive perspiration”. The author concludes with a chapter on the special needs of children.


The book itself has a lovely decorated cloth cover featuring a white enamelled umbrella.

69. The P. & O. pocket book. 3rd issue. (London : Adam and Charles Black, 1908)

P & O, or, the Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company was one of the main shipping firms taking passengers to the East. Their pocket book gives details of all the ports from the Mediterranean through the Suez Canal and the Indian Ocean to Australia.



70. Visitors' guide to Perth and suburbs / issued by the Government Tourist Bureau. (Perth : Government Tourist Bureau, [1927])

Because of its distance from the eastern states, Western Australia has always had difficulty in attracting tourists. Before the advent of air travel visitors had to make the trip by sea.



71. Beautiful Queensland : the land of variety and the holiday-maker's happy hunting ground. (Brisbane : Government Printer, 1926)

Queensland has always been a popular destination for holiday-makers fleeing the cold weather of the southern states. Here we see a couple seated in comfort, looking out the window of a train, onto the Queensland countryside.



72. Australia : sunshine land. World's loveliest harbour, Sydney Australia. (Melbourne : Australian National Travel Association, [1930])

This birds-eye view of Sydney Harbour was done in 1930, before the Bridge was built.



73. Daylesford and Hepburn Springs, Victoria, Australia. ([Melbourne] : Issued by the Betterment and Publicity Board Victorian Railways in conjunction with the Daylesford and Hepburn Springs Tourist Bureau, [1936])

The Daylesford area has long been renowned as the spa region of Victoria. In the 1930s it’s popularity was at its height.


Aborigines

Small upright case




74. The Palm Islands settlement and St. Anne's Catholic Mission. [Sydney : Cresta Print Co, 1936].

The Palm Island Aboriginal Settlement, 36 miles north of Townsville, was established in 1916. By the 1920s it was the largest of the Queensland reserves, being used principally as a place of banishment for Aborigines who had proved “disruptive” elsewhere in the state.


The Catholic Church ran a mission there as well as a hospital and leprosarium on Fantome, a nearby island
Palm Island was the scene of riots in November 2004 resulting from the death in custody of Cameron Doomadgee. This caused the Queensland Government to set up the Palm Island Select Committee to report on the circumstances surrounding the riot and other problems such as unemployment, violence, health and education.

75. Magnetic island the beautiful : North Queensland. [Townsville, N.Q., D.W. Hastings, 1937?]

This tourist brochure outlining the attractions of Magnetic Island, a coral island in the Barrier Reef, off Townsville, has a section on “Palm Islands”.


A picturesque group of Islands … where the largest Queensland Aboriginal Settlement is situated. This is a most interesting and novel trip. The Superintendant is pleased to give visitors every enjoyment during their stay. Trips are run by arrangements from Tourist Steamers, Train Excursion Parties, or by special trips. Fares 10/-

76. Aborigines' Friends' Association.

The Aborigines : a Commonwealth problem and responsibility / issued for educational purposes under the editorial supervision of J.H. Sexton. (Adelaide : [Hunkin, Ellis & King for the Aborigines Friends' Association], 1934)

The Rev. Sexton was a Baptist clergyman in South Australia who was active for most of his life in the cause of Aboriginal rights. He appeared before many Boards of Enquiry. In 1935 he was a member of the Board appointed to enquire into ill-treatment of the Aborigines at Hermannsburg Mission near Alice Springs.



77. What is their destiny? (Brisbane : Dept. of Health and Home Affairs, [1938?])

Ned Hanlon, the Minister for Health and Home Affairs in the Queensland Labor Government of the late 1930s, writes in the Preface to this publication,


This book outlines the policy of the Labour Government for the protection of the remnants of our black race. It shows how the Government has met in full measure its responsibilities to the aboriginal in Queensland in regard to his health and his moral and material welfare.

78. The Australian Aboriginal League presents its contribution to the Centenary of Victoria and Jubilee of the Commonwealth celebrations : an Aboriginal Moomba "Out of the dark". Souvenir programme. (Melbourne : Australian Aborigines League, 1951)



Out of the dark was staged at the Princess Theatre, Melbourne. Among the actors were Doug Nicholls, Harold Blair and William Onus. It was Bill Onus who devised the name, “An Aboriginal Moomba”, for the entertainment. In 1955 the word “Moomba” was adopted by the Melbourne City Council for its annual celebration and parade.
Out of the dark was a pageant written by Jean Campbell tracing the life of the Aborigines before and after European settlement. It featured traditional songs and tribal dancing.

Music and Entertainment

Flat Case 10




79. Holt, Ardern.

Fancy dresses described ; or what to wear at fancy balls / by Ardern Holt. 5th ed. (London : Debenham and Freebody, [1887])

This is a catalogue of costumes available from Debenham & Freebody of London. New catalogues were issued periodically, with different costumes and illustrations, reflecting the changes of fashion. The volume is open at “The Hornet”, which shows a woman in a striking brown and gold outfit, with wings, matching boots and a velvet cap.



80. Up to date song book. (Melbourne : A.H. Massina, [1901])

We have a large collection of songsters. The ones on display, published by the Melbourne firm of A. H Massina were issued under copyright from Francis, Day and Hunter of London.



81. West, Percival C.

Cross-talk : for all classes of entertainers / by Percival C. West. (London : Samuel French, 1919)

This booklet of scripts for comedy sketches was sold in Melbourne by Will Andrade, 276 Collins Street. Among his specialisations were theatrical books, stage equipment, and magic paraphernalia.



82. Norman, T. H.

Johnnie's in town march / T.H. Norman. (Melbourne : Allan's, c1930)

The Yorkshire-born aviatrix, Amy Johnson, was the first woman to fly solo from England to Australia, landing in Darwin on 25th May 1930, after nineteen and half days. This is part of our large collection of sheet music.


83. Gordon, Lee, 1923-1963.

The big show, starring Bill Haley and his Comets, the Platters, Freddie Bell and the Bellboys, La Vern Baker, Joe Turner : a Lee Gordon presentation. (Sydney : Publicity Press, [1957])

Lee Gordon was an American entrepreneur who came to Australia in 1953. By 1955 he was promoting tours of Australia by such world class acts as Bob Hope, Betty Hutton, Frankie Laine and Johnny Ray. In 1957 he brought out Bill Haley, famous for his hit, “Rock around the clock”, the first big rock ‘n roll song.


He later brought to Australia Sammy Davis Jr., and Ricky Nelson as well as many lesser stars. Among the local acts he promoted were Johnny O’Keefe and Col Joye.

84. Shapiro, Helen

Helen Shapiro : first tour of Australia October 1962. (Melbourne : Aztec Services, 1962)

Kenn Brodziak (1913-1999) of Aztec Services, was one of Lee Gordon’s rival impresarios. He is best known for promoting the Beatles tour of Australia in 1964. Helen Shapiro was one of the British pop stars of the pre-Beatles era. She was only 16 when she toured Australia but had already had a hit with “Walkin’ Back to Happiness”. She followed this in 1963 with “No Trespassing” and “Not Responsible”.


Ephemera

Flat Case 11

85. Cheero Australians : being Christmas and New Year greetings to the officers and men of the A.I.F. : with some views of the homeland. 1917. [Melbourne : Y.M.C.A., 1916]

This small booklet was a gift to be sent to the boys at the front to remind them of home. The cover shows red gum blossoms and inside we see photos of Australian scenery, as well as poems and stories.



86. Kodak (Australasia) Pty. Ltd.

Kodak as you go. (Sydney : Kodak Australasia, [192-?])

A catalogue of Kodak cameras from the 1920s when the photography craze was taking off in Australia.



87. Nobelius, C. A.

Catalogue of fruit trees : elms, oaks, planes, poplars, and other deciduous and ornamental varieties 1930 / grown for sale by C. A. Nobelius. (Emerald, Vic. : C.A. Nobelius, 1930)

Among the most attractive fields for ephemera collectors are nurseryman’s catalogues. Carl Nobelius, a Finnish immigrant, established Gembrook Nurseries at Emerald in 1890.



88. Trewhella grubbers & jacks etc. (Melbourne : Trewhella Pty. Ltd., 1939)

The colour illustration on the cover of this trade catalogue shows a graphic scene of pioneers clearing the land, using Trewhella grubbers and jacks.



89. Tok bilog gavman. [Australia : Far Eastern Liaison Office, between 1943 and 1945]

This is a rare survival, an aerial propaganda leaflet issued by the Australian government to be dropped over Papua New Guinea during World War 2. It is a surrender document in Pidgin English and Japanese with tricoloured stripes of red, white and blue, depicting a wounded Japanese soldier leaning against a palm tree holding out a copy of the document. He is being observed by a New Guinea native Above the text is a second illustration showing the native, with the surrender document, leading three Australian soldiers, one a medico, to capture and treat the Japanese soldier. The verso is in Japanese and shows the tricoloured corner.



90. Australian Plywood Board Ltd.

How forest giants are made into plywood. (Brisbane : Australian Plywood Board, [196-?])

This educational brochure traces the tree through the processes which see it become sheets of plywood, “pressed into a timber and glue sandwich … the material of a thousand uses from fine furniture to rugged boats.”




ILLUSTRATED PAPERS

Screens

A selection of illustrations taken from the Australasian Sketcher and the Illustrated Australian News. (1870s and 1880s)

The life of the era in Melbourne and the colonial countryside is never more apparent than when looking through contemporary illustrated papers with their large, finely engraved pictures. It was common for people to cut them out and paste them on the walls of their huts. Among the images reproduced here are some relating to the Ned Kelly outbreak.




Magazines

Corridor Cases

A selection of copies of The Australian Womens Weekly, Life, and Esquire.



We continue to acquire copies of magazines such as the Womens Weekly to complete our set. Among those on display is one which shows on its cover the Aboriginal jockey, Darby McCarthy.


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