Amherst College Fall 2009 History 57/Asian Langs & Civs 49 Tues/Thurs 10: 00-11: 20 china in the world: 1895-1919

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1Amherst College Fall 2009

History 57/Asian Langs & Civs 49 Tues/Thurs 10:00-11:20

Professor Jerry Dennerline Office hours: Tues/Thurs 3:30-4:00

Office: Chapin 12 Wed. 1:00-3:00

E-mail:; phone: 542-2486 And by appointment

Course Materials

The following books are available for purchase at Amherst Books:

Ida Pruitt (with Ning Lao T’ai-t’ai), A Daughter of Han: The Autobiography of a Chinese Working Woman.

Paul Cohen, History in Three Keys: The Boxers as Event, Experience, and Myth.

Lu Xun. Selected Stories of Lu Hsun. W.W. Norton, new edition, 2003.

Copies of these books are also on reserve at Frost Library. A Collection of Readings, in two or three installments, will be available at the History Department Office, Chapin 11. There will be a fee to cover the expense of photo-copying.

Course Description and Requirements
This course is designed as an introduction to local and global themes in the history of modern China. We will focus on the period between the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-95 and the Treaty of Versailles and Chinese May Fourth Movement of 1919, which launched the Communist revolution. The major issues of this period have taken on new significance since the end of the Cold War. They include 1) Chinese responses to and participation in the developing global economy, 2) approaches to political, economic, and cultural reform, 3) problems of national and cultural identity in China and the Chinese diaspora, 4) new experiences of class, gender, and individual identity. Major events include imperial reform movements, the Boxer uprising, popular resistance movements, the Republican revolution of 1911, the onset of warlordism, and the advent of the New Culture movement after 1915.

Brief lectures will supplement reading, but the primary work will be to engage the documents, interpretations, biographies, and other materials in class. To pass the course, a student must complete all of the requirements. The first requirement is to attend and participate in class. In addition, before Oct. 5, students will draft three one-page responses to readings for Thursday classes. Each student will choose one of these responses to expand into a 3-page paper due the following Monday (10% of the grade for the course). There will be one more one-page response and a five page paper on the Boxer uprising due on Monday, Oct. 19 (30%). Each student will convert one additional one-page (Tuesday or Thursday) in-class response into a 3 page paper by Monday, Nov. 9 (10%), and write a 3 page paper using A Daughter of Han on a topic of the student’s choice by Dec 4 (10%). Each student will schedule a term paper conference by the week before Thanksgiving and make an oral presentation in class on Dec. 8, 10 or 15 (10%). Finally, a term paper of 10-12 pages on a topic to be developed by the student in consultation with the instructor will be due on Dec. 21 (30%). Repeated unexcused absence will lower the grade. Regular contributions to discussion will raise the grade.

Syllabus: Reading Assignments and Due Dates
Thurs., Sept. 10 Introduction to the Course: China in Time and Space
Recommended background reading: Patricia Ebrey, A Cultural, Social, and Political History, pp. 201-49; or Joanna Waley-Cohen, The Sextants of Beijing: Global Currents in Chinese History, pp. 129-215.
Tues., Sept. 15 Opium: Two Histories

Read: Carl A. Trocki, “Drugs, Taxes, and Chinese Capitalism in Southeast Asia,” in Opium Regimes, pp. 79-101.

Gregory Blue, “Opium for China: The British Connection,” in Opium Regimes, ed. T. Brook and B. Wakabayashi, pp. 31-47.

Thurs., Sept. 17 China in the World

Read: Jerry Israel, “Alice in Wonderland: Through the China Looking Glass and What America Found There,” in Progressivism and the Open Door: America and China, 1905-1921, pp. 3-30.

Michael Adas, “Machines as the Measure of Men,” pp. 221-32.

Theodore Roosevelt, “ Expansion and Peace,” from The Strenuous Life (1901).

Liang Qichao, “Notes from a Journey to the New Continent,” tr. Arkush and Lee.

Reform__Read'>One-pager due in class.
Tues., Sept. 22 Reform

Read: Jerry Dennerline, “Late Qing Modern: The Hundred Days” (8p);

Peter Carroll, Between Heaven and Modernity: Reconstructing Zuzhou, 1895-1937, pp. 23-67;

Hon, Tze-ki, “Zhang Zhidong’s Proposal for Reform: A New Reading of the Quanxue pian,” pp. 77-98.

Zhang Zhidong, Quanxuepian, Ch. 6: “Centralization of Power.”

Thurs., Sept. 24 Reform

Read: “Chronological Autobiography of K’ang Yu-wei (Kang Youwei),” entries for 1895-98 (written in Japan, 1898) and notes, in K’ang Yu-wei: A Biography and A Symposium, ed. Lo Jung-pang, pp. 17, 76-128, 153-174.

Ta T’ung Shu: The One-World Philosophy of K’ang Yu-wei (1884-1902), tr. and notes by Laurence Thompson, excerpts.

One-pager due in class.
Tues., Sept. 29 Culture and Change: Two Chinese Perspectives

Read: Qian Mu, “Reminiscences on My Parents at the Age of 80,” in Qian Mu and the World of Seven Mansions, tr. Dennerline, pp. 115-49;

Ida Pruitt, A Daughter of Han, pp. 1-73.

Thurs., Oct. 1 Culture and Change: Two American Perspectives

Read: Arthur H. Smith, Chinese Characteristics (1894), excerpts on “Industry,” “Contempt for Foreigners,” “Absence of Public Spirit,” “The Real Condition of China and Her Present Needs”

Wm. Barclay Parsons, An American Engineer in China (1900), excerpts.

One-pager due in class.
Monday, Oct 5: Last day for first three-pager.
Tues., Oct 6 Boxer Uprising

Read: Paul Cohen, History in Three Keys, pp 16-56;

Diana Preston, The Boxer Rebellion (1999), pp. 33-65;

Joseph Esherick, The Origins of the Boxer Uprising, pp. 271-90, 302-13;

The Boxer Uprising: Pictorial Stories of the Chinese Peasants’ Resistance against Western Powers in Contemporary History (Singapore, 1993), excerpts.
Thurs., Oct. 8 Boxer Uprising

Read: J. Dennerline, Late Qing Modern: Life, Death, and the Limits of Modernity (8p);

Paul Cohen, History in Three Keys, pp. 59-118.

One-pager due in class.
Tues., Oct. 13 Boxer Uprising

Read: Cohen, History in Three Keys, pp. 119-210.
Thurs., Oct. 15 Folk Religion, Revolution and Reform in Retrospect

Read: Vincent Goosaert, “1898: The Beginning of the End for Chinese Religion?” Journal of Asian Studies 65.2 (2006): 307-36

Cohen, History in Three Keys, pp. 211-60.

Mon., Oct. 19: Boxer paper due.
Tues., Oct. 20 Progressive Mobilization and Ideology

Read: J. Dennerline, Late Qing Modern: Identities and Boundaries (10p);

Mori Noriko, “Liang Qichao, Late-Qing Buddhism, and Modern Japan,” in The Role of Japan in Ling Qichao’s Introduction of Modern Western Civilization to China, ed. J. Fogel, pp. 222-46.

Hazama Naoki, “On Liang Qichao’s Conceptions of Gong and Si: ‘Civic Virtue’ and ‘Personal Virtue’ in the Xinmin shuo,” in The Role of Japan, pp. 205-21.
Thurs., Oct. 22 Progressive Mobilization and Ideology

Read: J. Dennerline, Reform, Resistance, Revolution: Education as the Way Out (12p);

Kai-wing Chow, “Narrating Nation, Race, and National Culture: Imagining the Hanzu Identity in Modern China,” in Constructing Nationhood in Modern East Asia, ed. K. Chow, K. Doak, P. Fu, pp. 47-76.

Tues., Oct. 27 Patriotic Mobilization 1905

Read: Bryna Goodman, “The Locality as Microcosm of the Nation?,” Modern China 21:4 (1995), pp. 387-419.

Guanhua Wang, In Search of Justice: the 1905-1906 Chinese Anti-American Boycott, pp. 134-59.

Sin Kiong Wong, China’s Anti-American Boycott Movement in 1905: A Study in Urban Protest, 95-117.
Thurs., Oct. 29 Student Revolutionary Mobilization 1904-1911

Read: J. Dennerline, Reform, Resistance, Revolution: Reformers’ Predicament (11p);

Tsou Jung (Zou Rong), “The Revolutionary Army” (excerpts), in Hsueh Chun-tu, Revolutionary Leaders of Modern China (“The Life and Writings of Tsou Jung), excerpts.

Zhang Binglin’s Speech in Tokyo, July 15, 1906, in Pioneer of the Chinese Revolution: Zhang Binglin and Confucianism, by Shimada Kenji, pp. 28-43.

Tongmenghui (China Alliance) Revolutionary Proclamation (1907).
Tues., Nov 3 Women’s Mobilization: Reform, Revolution, Resistance

Read: Joan Judge, “Talent, Virtue, and the Nation: Chinese Nationalisms and Female Subjectivities in the Early Twentieth Century,” American Historical Review 106.3 (June 2001): 765-803.

Ono, Kazuko, Chinese Women in a Century of Revolution, “Women in the 1911 Revolution,” pp. 70-92.

Roxann Prazniak, Of Camels and Kings and Other Things: Rural Rebels Against Modernity in Late Imperial China, pp. 213-47.

Xiong, Yuezhi. “The Theory and Practice of Women’s Rights in Late-Qing Shanghai, 1843-1911, in Beyond the May Fourth paradigm : in search of Chinese modernity, ed Kai-wing Chow, et al., pp 71-93.

Thurs., Nov. 5 From Reform to Revolution 1911

Read: J. Dennerline, Reform, Resistance, Revolution: The End of an Era (8p);

Jin Chongji, “The 1911 Revolution and the Awakening of the Chinese Nation,” in The 1911 Revolution in China (1984), pp. 3-16.

Harold Z. Schiffrin, “The Enigma of Sun Yat-sen,” in China in Revolution: The First Phase, 1900-1913, ed. by Mary C. Wright, pp. 443-74.
Tues., Nov. 10 The Republic and the World

Read: Ernest Young, “Yuan Shih-k’ai’s Rise to the Presidency,” in China in Revolution, pp. 419-442.

Edward McCord, The Power of the Gun: The Emergence of Modern Chinese Warlordism, pp. 48-59, 161-72, and 205-207.

Thurs., Nov. 12 Economic Development and Culture

Read: Zhang Binglin, Refutation of the Petition to Establish a Confucian Religion, in Pioneer of the Chinese Revolution (1913), pp. 122-32.

Huang Yanpei, “Report of an Investigation of American Education,” tr. Arkush and Lee.

Peter Carroll, Between Heaven and Modernity, pp. 101-31;

Shao, Qin. Culturing Modernity: The Nantong Model, 1890-1930, pp. 10-54.

Tues., Nov. 17 Economic Development, Capital and Labor

Read: Sherman Cochran, Encountering Chinese Networks: Western, Japanese, and Chinese Corporations in China, 1880-1997, pp. 1-11, 70-94, 117-46, 177-86.

Elizabeth Perry, Shanghai on Strike, pp. 32-64.

Thurs., Nov. 19: No class.
Fri.., Nov. 20: Last day for second 3-pager.
Thanksgiving Break
Tues., Dec 1 New Culture in an Old World

Read: Lu Xun, “A Call to Arms” (1922), “A Madman’s Diary” (1918), and “A New Year’s Sacrifice” (1924) in Selected Stories of Lu Hsun;

A Daughter of Han, student selections.
Thurs., Dec. 3 Two Cultures in One World

Read: A Daughter of Han, student selections
Fri., Dec. 4: Daughter of Han papers due.
Tues., Dec. 8 Student presentations
Thurs., Dec. 10 Student presentations
Tues., Dec. 15 Student presentations
Mon., Dec. 21: Term Paper Due (No extensions)

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