American Revolution- important Events and Documents Jennifer Arthur Standard



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American Revolution- Important Events and Documents

Jennifer Arthur

Standard:

11.1 Students analyze the significant events in the founding of the nation and its attempts to realize the philosophy of government described in the Declaration of Independence.

1. Describe the Enlightenment and the rise of democratic ideas as the context in which the nation was founded.

2. Analyze the ideological origins of the American Revolution, the Founding Fathers’ philosophy of divinely bestowed unalienable natural rights, the debates on the drafting and ratification of the Constitution, and the addition of the Bill of Rights.

3. Understand the history of the Constitution after 1787 with emphasis on federal versus state authority and growing democratization.



Anticipatory Set: Students were asked questions about the Declaration of Independence, in the book. They were told to write down any words that stood out to them, anything that shocked them and any grievances that the Declaration claimed.

Direct Instruction: Then give the students the process grid and fill out the first process grid, demonstrating the level of details that you except for each document. I taught abut the Declaration of Independence . The students had to fill in the information with me.

Indirect Instruction: The students then broke into groups and were asked to complete the document grid for the event or document that they were assigned. Each group was held accountable because they had to fill in their portion on the large graphic organizer that would give the rest of the class the information needed.

Independent Practice: The group of students had to teach their fellow classmates about their subject. They had to come up and fill in the information but also had to answer any questions that their classmates had.

Closing: To further their understanding, the class had gallery walk where they had to add information to the posters on each event. This allowed me to assess what documents students understood and which I needed to go over.


Main Purpose



Key Events

Process Grid

Date Location

Interesting Facts

Key People

Document or Event:



Historical Statements


Declaration of Independence- Information



Main Purpose-

*Declaring the colonies independence from Great Britain

* Colonist clearly expressed they were nor rebels but free people with all the powers of an Independent nation

*List of grievances (wrong doings) of the British King



Key Events

*1765 Stamp Act (taxes)

*1776- Common Sense by Thomas Paine- pamphlet about why we should separate from Great Britain

*1774- Intolerable Acts- Closed Boston Harbor- Quartering of Soldiers- Made the colonist want to gain independence

*Boston Massacre- Shot Heard around the world- rallied colonist to separate

Key People

*Thomas Jefferson- wrote The Declaration of Independence

*John Locke- Influenced Jefferson- of government does not allow its citizens rights and freedoms, the people have a right to replace that government.

John Hancock- From Massachusetts, wealthy, patriot etc… Lead the 2nd Continental Congress * 1st signature big enough to read

Historical Statements

*We hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal…endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights. Life, Liberty and pursuit of Happiness



Interesting Facts

The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations… absolute tyranny over these states

*Grievances against the King

*No taxation without representation



Significant Documents and Events in the Building of a New Nation~ The United States




Main Purpose

Date/Year/Location

Key Events

Key People

Historical Statements

Interesting Facts

Declaration of Independence



















American Revolution



















Articles of Confederation



















Major Debates



















U.S. Consitution



















Significant Documents and Events in the Founding of our Nation~ The United States




Main Purpose

Date/Year/Location

Key Events

Key People

Historical Statements

Interesting Facts

Declaration of Independence

Declare Independence from Great Britain

July 4. 1776

Taxes, Boston Massacre, Boston Tea Party, Shot heard around the world

Thomas Jefferson- wrote the Declaration of Independence

*Grievances of the King

*


*Slavery was originally outlawed but had to remove in order to ratify

American Revolution

Fought to win Independence from Great Britain

1775- 1781- In the 13 colonies

*1st Continental Congress- prepared military

*Fighting at Lexington and Concord- 1st fire of the revolution- April 18th 1775

*2nd Continental Congress- May- 1775- appointed George Washington as Commander of the Continental Army


*Richard Henry Lee- encourage colonist they had a right to fight for independence

*George Washington- Commander of Army- National Hero

*Benjamin Franklin- famous American represented colonist in England- came home when hear about the war


Yankee Doodle

*Loyalists- Opposed independence and were loyal to the British King

*Patriots- supporters of independence

*US- strengths- George Washington as leader & wanted independence

*Weakness- soldiers untrained, shortage of food and ammunition, inferior navy, no central govt.

Great Britain- Strengths- well trained army- strong central govt

Support of colonial loyalty and native Americans

Weaknesses- unfamiliar terrain, weal military leaders


Articles of Confederation

*New government called a confederation or alliance among 13 states

March 1781

What they could do under the Articles:

*Declare War, Make peace and sign treaties, Borrow Money, standard money

*Northwest Ordinance of 1787- land agreements

*Shays Rebellion- made them realize they needed a stronger govt



John Dickson- expressed the value of compromise

A firm league of friendship

Weaknesses of the Articles:

*could not collect taxes

*one vote per state

*9 out of 13 states need to agree to pass any law

*Articles could be amended if all states approved

*No executive branch to enforce laws

*No national Court

* No national unity



Major Debates

Conflict and compromise to create a new stronger central government-

Major Debates:

*Large Vs. Small states

*North vs. South

*Strong central govt vs. strong states


May 1787- Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia- Adjourned in Sep 1787- for ratification

*Bill of rights added Dec 1791

*Great Compromise- Senate- 2 votes per state

House- Population

*3/5th Compromise- Slave states, slaves count as 3/5th in population




Federalists- Supported the New Constitution, Alexander Hamilton, James Madison

*Anti-federalists- did not want a new constitution- Richard Henry Lee, Patrick Henry, George Mason



*Separation of Powers-

*Checks and Balances

*Federalism- power divided by national and several state governments

*Division of power



Ratification- needed 9 states to ratify

*In 1788 with the addition of the Bill of rights- New Hampshire became the 9th state to ratify making the Constitution Law of the Land



U.S. Constitution

5 purposes

*Establish Legitimacy

*Create Appropriate structures

*Describe and distribute power

*limit govt powers

*allow for change



1788- Present Day

The United States



1788- Ratified

1789- George Washington- 1st President of the United States



*George Washington- 1st President- created his cabinet positions- lead the way for other Presidents

*Alexander Hamilton- Secretary of the treasury

*Thomas Jefferson- Secretary of State


“We the people of the United States…”

*Living Constitution

*Only 27 amendments to the Constitution since it was created






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