American Literature I (Spring 2010)

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American Literature I (Spring 2010)
Dr. Halbert
Midterm Exam Potential Quotes

10 of the following quotes will appear on the exam. You will have to identify 5 quotes by author and title as well as give an explanation of the significance of the quote. For extra credit, you can give the author and title of the remaining five quotes.


QUOTE: It was out upon the ocean. Some sea-foam formed against a big log floating there. Then a person emerged from the sea-foam and crawled upon the log. He was seen sitting there. Another person crawled up, on the other side of the log. It was a woman. They were whites. Soon the Indians saw them, and at first they were sea-gulls, and they said among themselves, “Are they not white people?” Then they made a boat and went out to look at the strangers more closely.

SOURCE: Creation/Emergence Accounts Creation of the Whites (Yuchi) Vol.A. Pg. 73


QUOTE: They demanded only a piece as large as a Bullocks hide and the request was readily granted, when to their great astonishment the bullocks hide was soaked in water and cut into a small cord with which the land was surrounded.

SOURCE: Captain Pipe, the Arrival of the Whites (Lenape-Delaware), P77.


QUOTE: They thought their gods had given them up because they weren’t worshiping the way they should.

SOURCE: Don Antonio de Otermin. The Coming of the Spanish and the Pueblo Revolt (Hopi). Vol A. Pg.221

QUOTE: All this time the priest, who had great power, wanted all the young girls to be brought to him when they were about thirteen or fourteen years old. They had to live with the priest.

SOURCE: Don Antonio de Otermin. “The Coming of the Spanish and Pueblo Revolt (Hopi)”. 224

QUOTE: Then the chief at Awaovi sent word by this boy and that all the priests would be killed on the fourth day after the full moon. …would rise up and do this thing on the fourth day the boy was given cotton string with knots in it and each day he was to untie one of these knots until they were all out and that would be the day for the attack.

SOURCE: The Coming of the Spanish and the Pueblo Revolt (Hopi) Vol. A. Pg. 224

QUOTE: They tied his hands behind his back. Out of the big beams outside they made a tripod. They hung him on the beams, kindled a fire and burned him.

SOURCE: The Coming of the Spanish and the Pueblo Revolt (Hopi) Vol. A pg. 225

The Requermiento:

QUOTE: Wherefore, as best as we can, we ask and require that you consider what we have said to you, and that you take the time that shall be necessary to understand and deliberate upon it, and that you acknowledge the Church as the rules and superior of the whole world, and the high priest called Pope, and in his name the king and the queen Dona Juana our lord, in his place, as superiors and lords and kings of these islands and this mainland by virtue of the said donation, and that you consent and permit the these religious fathers declare and preach to you the aforesaid.

SOURCE: Palacios Rubios, “Requerimiento” (133)

QUOTE: But if you do not [surrender] or if you maliciously delay in doing it, I certify to you that with the help of God we shall forcefully enter into your country and shall make war against you in all ways and manner that we can and shall subject you to the yoke and obedience of the Church.

SOURCE: Palacios Rubios, “Requerimiento,” P133

Cabeza de Vaca:

QUOTE: I had no opportunity to perform greater service than this, which is to bring Your Majesty an account of all that I was able to observe and learn in the nine years that I walked lost and naked through many and very strange lands, as much regarding the locations of the land and provinces and the distances among them, as with respect to the food-stuffs and animals that are produced in them, and the diverse customs of many and very barbarous peoples with whom I conversed and lived, plus all the other particularities that I could come to know and understand, so that in some manner Your Majesty may be served.

SOURCE: Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca. Relacion. Vol A. Pg.159

QUOTE: The Indians we had so far seen in Florida are all archers. They go naked, are large of body, and appear at a distance like giants. They are all of admirable proportions, very spare and of great activity and strength.

SOURCE: De Vaca, Cabeza. “The Relacion”. 161

QUOTE: Even to the last, I could not convince the Indians that we were of the Christians; and only with great effort and solicitation we got them to go back to their residences.

SOURCE: Cabeza de Vaca, Relation of Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca p. 170

Virgin of Guadalupe:

QUOTE: Is it I who have this good fortune to hear what I hear? Or am I perhaps only dreaming? Where am I? Perhaps this is the place the ancients, our forefathers, used to tell about, our grandfathers-the flowery land, the fruitful land? Is it perchance the earthly paradise?

SOURCE: History of the Miraculous Apparition of the Virgin of Guadalupe. Vol. A. Pg 197

John Smith:

QUOTE: then as many as could layd hands on him, dragged him to them, and thereon laid his head, and being ready with their clubs, to beate out his braines, Pocahontas the kings dearest daughter, when no intreaty could prevaile, got his head in her armes, and laid her owne upon his to save him from death

SOURCE: The Generall Historie of Viginia New-England, and the Summer Isles by John Smith page 276

QUOTE: Not long after from behind a mat that divided the house, was made the most dolefullest noyse he ever heard; then Powhatan more like a devil than a man, with some two hundred more as black as himselfe; came unto him and told him they were friends…

SOURCE: Smith, John. “from The Generall Historie of Virginia, New England-, and the Summer Isles” 277

QUOTE: If hee hath any graine of faith or zeale in Religion, what can heedoe less hurtfull to any: or more agreeable to God, then to seeke to convert those poore salvages to know Christ, and humanitie, whose labors with discretion will triple requite thy charge and pains? What so truely su[i]tes with honour and honestie, as the discovering of things unknowne? erecting Townes, peopling Countries, informing the ignorant, reforming things unjust, teaching virtue; and gaine to our Native mother-countrie a kingdom to attend her: finde employment for those that are idle, because they know not what to doe: so farre from wronging any, as to cause Posteritie to remember thee; and remembering thee, even honour that remembrance with praise?…

SOURCE: John Smith. A Description of New England. Vol A. Pg. 281-82

QUOTE: But if I may have the execution of what I have projected; if they want to eate, let them eate or never digest me. If I perform what I say, I desire but that reward out of the gaines [which] may su[i]te my paines, quality and condition. And if I abuse you with my tongue, take my head for satisfaction.

SOURCE: John Smith, A Description if New England, p. 282

QUOTE: For, I am not so simple to thinke, that ever any other motive then wealth, will ever erect there a Commonweale…

SOURCE: John Smith. A Description of New England. Vol A. Pg.282

QUOTE: Religion, above all things, should move us (especially the Clergie) if wee were religious, to shewe our faith buy our workes; in converting those poore salvages, to the knowledge of God, seeing what paines the Spanyards take to bring them to their adulterated faith.

SOURCE: John Smith. A Description of New England. Vol. A. Pg.284.

Richard Frethorne:

QUOTE: But this is certain: I never felt the want of father and mother till now; but now, dear friends, full well I know and rue it, although it were too late before I knew

SOURCE: from Richard Frethorne, to His Parents (Virginia, 1623)

QUOTE: And I have nothing to comfort me, nor there is nothing to be gotten here but sickness and death, except that one had money to lay out in some things for profit.

SOURCE: Richard Frethorne. Richard Frethorne, to His Parents. Vol A, pg. 289

QUOTE: But if you send cheese, it must be very old cheese; and the cheesemonger’s you may buy very good cheese for twopence farthing or halfpenny, that will be liked very well.

SOURCE: Richard Frethorne, To His Parents by Richard Frethorne pag e290

William Bradford:

QUOTE: …they shook off this yoke of antichristian bondage, and as the Lord’s free people joined themselves (by a covenant of the Lord) into a Church estate, in the fellowship of the gospel, to walk in all His ways made known, or to be made known unto them, according to their best endeavours, whatsoever it should cost them, the Lord assisting them. And it cost them something this ensuing history will declare…

SOURCE: William Bradford, Of Plymouth Plantation, P351

QUOTE: And for the season it was winter, and they that know the winters of that country know them to be sharp and violent, and subject to cruel and fierce storms, dangerous to travel to known places, much more to search an unknown coast. Besides, what could they see but a hideous and desolate wilderness, full of wild beasts and wild men-and what multitudes there might be of them they know not.

SOURCE: William Bradford. Of Plymouth Plantation. Vol A. Pg.353

QUOTE: Squanto continued with them and was their interpreter and was a special interest sent of God for their good beyond their expectation. He directed them how to set their corn, where to take fish, and to procure other commodities, and was also their pilot to bring them to unknown places for their profit, and never left them till he died.

SOURCE: William Bradford, Of Plymouth Plantation, P357.

QUOTE: And Morton became Lord of Misrule,…they also set up a maypole, drinking and dancing about it many days together, inviting the Indian women for their consorts, dancing and frisking together like so many fairies, or furies, rather; and worse practices.

SOURCE: William Bradford Of Plymouth Plantation Vol. A. Pg. 359

QUOTE: So assaulted them with great courage, shooting amongst them, and entered the fort with all speed. And those that first entered found sharp resistance from the enemy who both shot at and grappled with them; others ran into their houses and brought out fire and set them on fire…thereby more were burnt to death than was otherwise slain…It was conceived that they thus destroyed about 400 at that time…the victory seemed a sweet sacrifice.

SOURCE: William Bradford. Of Plymouth Plantation. 364

QUOTE: But (besides this) one reason may be that the Devil may carry a greater spite against the churches of Christ and the gospel here, by how much the more they endeavour to preserve holiness and purity amongst them and strictly punisheth the contrary when it ariseth either in church or commonwealth; that he might cast a blemish and stain upon them in the eyes of the [the] world, who use to be rash in judgment.

SOURCE: William Bradford. Of Plymouth Plantation. Vol A, pg. 365

Thomas Morton:

QUOTE: Although these Salvages are found to be without Religion, Law, and King (as Sir William Alexander hath well observed,) yet are they not altogether without the knowledge of God (historically); for they have it amongst them by tradition that God made one man and one woman, and bad them live together and get children, kill deare, beasts, birds, fish and fowle, and what they would at their pleasure

SOURCE: Thomas Morton, New English Canaan, Chapter XVI Of their acknowledgement of the Creation, and immortality of the Soule, Vol. A, P322

QUOTE: …guided onely by the light of nature, these people leades the more happy and freer life, being voyde of care, which torments the mindes of so many Christians: They are not delighted in baubles, but in usefull things.

SOURCE: Thomas Morton, New England Canaan, page 324.

Anne Bradstreet:

QUOTE: I am obnoxious to each carping tongue/Who says my hand a needle better fits,/A poet’s pen all scorn I should thus wrong,/For despite they cast on female wits:/If what I prove well, it won’t advance,/They’ll say it’s stol’n, or else it was by chance.

SOURCE: Anne Bradstreet. “Prologue [To Her Book]”. 421

QUOTE: If ever two were one, then surely we./ If ever man were loved by wife, then thee;/ If ever wife was happy in a man, / Compare with me, ye woman if you can. / I prize thy love more than whole means of gold /Or all the riches that the East doth hold…

SOURCE: Anne Bradstreet. “To My Dear and Loving Husband”. 430-431.

QUOTE: Sisters we are, yea, twins we be, / Yet deadly feud ‘twixt thee and me; / For from one father are we not

SOURCE: The Flesh and The Spirit by Anne Bradstreet page 428

QUOTE: Among all my experiences of God’s gracious dealings with me, I have constantly observed this, that He hath never suffered me long to sit loose from Him, but by one affliction or other hath made me look home…

SOURCE: To My Dear Children by Anne Bradstreet page 435

Cotton Mather:

QUOTE: These our poor afflicted neighbors, quickly after they become injected and infested with these demons, arrive to a capacity of discerning those which they conceive the shapes of their troublers; and notwithstanding the great and just suspicion that the demons might impose the shapes of innocent persons in their special exhibitions upon the sufferers…

SOURCE: Cotton Mather, The Wonders of the Invisible World, Vol. A, P535

QUOTE: Now, by these confessions ‘tis agreed that the evil has made a dreadful knot of witches in the country, and by the help of witches has dreadfully increased that knot:…

SOURCE: Cotton Mather, The Wonders of the Invisible World, page 535

QUOTE: Presently after this, he was taken with a swelling in his foot, and then with a pain in his side, and exceedingly tormented. It bred into a sore, which was lanced by Doctor Prescot, and several gallons of corruption ran out of it. For six weeks it continued very bad, and then another sore bred in the groin, which was also lanced by Doctor Prescot. Another sore then bred in his groin, which was likewise cut, and put him into very great misery: he was brought unto death’s door, and so remained until Carrier was taken, and carried away by the constable, from which very day he began to mend, and so grew better every day, and is well ever since.

SOURCE: Cotton Mather. The Wonders of the Invisible World. Vol. A. Pg. 536-37

QUOTE: to convert one Soul unto God, is more than to pour out Ten Thousand Talents into the Baskets of the Poor.

SOURCE: Cotton Mather. The Negro Christianized. Vol A. Pg.551

Jonathan Edwards:

QUOTE: So it is with a staff that a man walks with: it answers its end in being hard-pressed. So it is with many of the members of our bodies, our teeth, our feet, etc.; and so with most of the utensils of life, an ax, a saw, a flail, a rope, a chain, etc. They are useful and answer their end by some violent straining, pressure, agitation, collision, or impulsion, and they that are so weak not to bear the trial of such usage are good for nothing.

SOURCE: Jonathan Edwards. Images of Divine Things. Vol A, pg. 673

QUOTE: By that, we may as it were hear God speaking to us. Wherever we are and whatever we are about, we may see divine things excellently represented and held forth, and it will abundantly tend to confirm the Scriptures, for there is an excellent agreement between these things and the Holy Scriptures.

SOURCE: Jonathan Edwards. Images of Divine Things. Vol. A. Pg. 673.

QUOTE: There is nothing that keeps wicked men at any one moment out of hell, but the mere pleasure of God.

SOURCE: Jonathan Edwards, Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God, Vol. A, P691

QUOTE: There is no want of power in God to cast wicked men into hell at any moment. Men’s hands cannot be strong when God rises up. The strongest have no power to resist Him, nor can any deliver out of His hands. His is not only able to cast wicked men into hell, but He can most easily do it.

SOURCE: Jonathan Edwards, “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” p. 691

QUOTE: Natural men’s prudence and care to preserve their own lives, or the care of others to preserve them, do not secure them a moment.

SOURCE: Jonathan Edwards, Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God, Page 693

QUOTE: But the foolish children of men miserably delude themselves in their own schemes, and in confidence in their own strength and wisdom; they trust to nothing but a shadow.

SOURCE: Jonathan Edwards, Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God, page 694.

QUOTE: The bow of God’s wrath is bent, and the arrow made ready on the string, and justice bends the arrow at your heart, and strains the bow, and it is nothing but the mere pleasure of God, and that of an angry God, without any promise or obligation at all, that keeps the arrow one moment from being made drunk with your blood (P696).

SOURCE: Edwards Sinners in the hands of an Angry God

William Byrd:

QUOTE: Like true Englishmen, they built a Church that cost no more than Fifty Pounds, and a Tavern that cost Five Hundred.

SOURCE: William Byrd. The History of the Dividing Line betwixt Virginia and North Carolina and The Secret History of the Line. Vol A. Pg. 637

QUOTE: Nor wou’d the Shade of the Skin have been any reproach at this day; for if a Moor may be washt white in 3 Generations, Surely an Indian might have been blancht in two…

SOURCE: William Byrd II, The History of the Dividing Line betwixt Virginia and North Carolina and the Secret History of the Line, page 638.

QUOTE: A citizen here is counted extravagant if he has ambition enough to aspire to a brick chimney.

SOURCE: William Byrd, The History of the Dividing Line p. 645

QUOTE: We put the Indians to no expense but only of a little corn for our horses, for which in gratitude we cheered their hearts with what rum we had left, which they love better than they do their wives and children. Though these Indians dwell among the English and see in what plenty a little industry enables them to live, yet they choose to continue in their stupid idleness and to suffer all the inconveniences of dirt, cold, and want rather than disturb their heads with care or defile their hands with labor.

SOURCE: William Byrd II. The History of the Dividing Line betwixt Virginia and North Carolina and The Secret History of the Line. Vol A. Pg. 648

QUOTE: It contained, however, the three great articles of natural religion: the belief of a god, the moral distinction betwixt good and evil, and the expectation of rewards and punishments in another world.

SOURCE: William Byrd The History of the Dividing Line… Vol. A pg. 651

Benjamin Franklin:

QUOTE: During my Brother’s Confinement, which I resented a good deal, notwithstanding our private Differences, I had the Management of the Paper, and I made bold to give our Rulers some Rubs in it, which my Brother took very kindly, while others began to consider me in an unfavourable Light, as a young Genius that had a Turn for Libelling and Satyr.

SOURCE: Benjamin Franklin. The Autobiography. 873

QUOTE: It rain’d very hard all the Day, I was thoroughly soak’d and by Noon a good deal tir’d, so I stopt at a poor Inn, where I staid all Night, beginning now to wish I had never left home. I cut so miserable a Figure too, that I found by the Questions ask’d me I was suspected to be some runaway Servant, and in danger of being taken up on that Suspicion.

SOURCE: Benjamin Franklin. The Autobiography. Vol A, pg. 875

QUOTE: The Printers of Philadelphia were wretched ones, and if I would set up there, he made no doubt that I should succeed; for his part, he would procure me in the publick business, and do me every other service in his power.

SOURCE: Benjamin Franklin, the Autobiography, p. 878

QUOTE: It was often 11 at Night and sometimes later, before I had finish’d my Distribution for the next days Work: For the little Jobbs sent in by our other Friends now and then put us back…And this Industry visible to our Neighbours began to give us Character and Credit

SOURCE: Benjamin Franklin, The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin, 899

QUOTE: In order to secure my Credit and Character as a Tradesman, I took care not only to be in Reality Industrious and frugal, but to avoid all Appearances of the Contrary.

SOURCE: Benjamin Franklin, The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin, 903

QUOTE: It is become a great thing itself, and continually increasing. These Libraries have improv’d the general Conversation of the Americans, made the common Tradesmen and Farmers as intelligent as most Gentlemen from other Countries, and perhaps have contributed in some degree to the Stand so generally made throughout the Colonies in Defence of their Privileges.

SOURCE: Benjamin Franklin. The Autobiography. Vol A. Pg. 905

Thomas Moore:

QUOTE: But if the inhabitants of that land will not dwell with them, to be ordered by their laws, then they drive them out of those bounds which they have limited and appointed out for themselves. And if they resist, then they make war against them.

SOURCE: Thomas More, Cluster: America in the World/ The World in America, P126.

Michel de Montaigne

QUOTE: These nations, then, seem to me barbarous in this sense, that they have been fashioned very little by the human mind, and are still very close to their original natural-ness. …for it seems to me that what we actually see in these nations surpasses not only all the pictures in which poets have idealized the golden age and all their inventions in imagining a happy state of man, but also the conceptions and the very desire of philosophy.

SOURCE: Michel de Montaigne 1533-1592 from Of Cannibals Vol. A. Pg. 127

QUOTE: This is a nation, I should say to Plato, in which there is no sort of traffic, no knowledge of letters, no science of numbers, no name for a magistrate or for political superiority, no custom of servitude, no riches or poverty, no contracts, no successions, no partitions, no occupations but leisure ones, no care for any but common kinship, no cloths, no agriculture, no metal, no use of wine or wheat.

SOURCE: Michel de Montaigne, Of Cannibals, p. 127-128

Frederick Jackson Turner:

QUOTE: In short, at the frontier the environment is at first too strong for the man. He must accept the conditions which it furnishes, or perish, and so he fits himself into the Indian clearings and follows the Indian trails.

SOURCE: Frederick Jackson Turner, the Significance of the Frontier in American History, P153.

QUOTE: Thus the advance of the frontier has meant a steady movement away from the influence of Europe, a steady growth of independence on American lines. And to study this advance, the men who grew up under these conditions, and the political economic, and social results of it, is to study the really American part of our history.

SOURCE: Frederick Jackson Turner. The Significance of the Frontier in American History. Vol A. Pg 153

Marry Louise Pratt:

QUOTE: One coinage that recurs throughout the book is the term "contact zone" which I use to refer to the space of colonial encounters.

SOURCE: Mary Louise Pratt, Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation, 154

QUOTE: A contact zone is the space of colonial encounters, the space in which people geographically and historically separated come into contact with each other and establish ongoing relations, usually involving conditions of coercion, radical inequality, and intractable conflict.

SOURCE: Mary Louise Pratt. “from Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation”. 154-155.

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