American history first semester review



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AMERICAN HISTORY

FIRST SEMESTER REVIEW



Early America

1. How did the first people arrive in the Americas? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________2. What was the motivation for European explorers to come to the New World? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________3. Describe Columbus’s voyage and what he expected to find. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________4. Describe the success and failures of the first colonies in English America. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________5. What motivated the Pilgrims to come to America? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________6. How did slavery impact the colonies? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

7. What was the Enlightenment and what impact did it have on colonists in America? _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

8. Describe how taxes and laws (the Proclamation of 1763, the Stamp Act, Sugar Act, Quartering Act, and Townshend Act) impacted the colonists and why they were unhappy with them. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________9. Describe the events in Boston that led to the start of the Revolutionary War. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________10. What is the Declaration of Independence and what does it say? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________11. Why did the Articles of Confederation fail? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

12. What compromises were made at the Constitutional Convention? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________13. What are checks and balances? Why are they important? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________14. What did the Federalists believe? What did the Antifederalists believe? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________15. Why was the Bill of Rights created? What is in it? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________16. What were the arguments for and against a national bank? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________17. What was the significance of the Whiskey Rebellion? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

18. Describe how we acquired the Louisiana Territory. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________19. What were the causes and effects of the War of 1812? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________20. What was the Missouri Compromise? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________21. How did the North and the South grow to be different in the early 1800s? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Civil War and Reconstruction

Describe the reasons that the following things led to the Civil War:

22. Sectionalism ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

23. Compromises ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

24. Economic change ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

25. Cultural differences ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

26. Technology ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

27. Who were some significant people or groups during Reconstruction?

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

28. Describe the issues that divided Republicans during the early Reconstruction Era.

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



29, 30, 31. Identify the freedoms guaranteed by the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments.

13th _______________________________________________________________________________________

14th _______________________________________________________________________________________

15th _______________________________________________________________________________________

32. How did Jim Crow laws influence life for African Americans? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

33. What were the effects of the Black Codes? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

34. Describe the sharecropping system as practiced in the United States. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

35. Describe some important events in the Native American experience during and immediately after the Civil War. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



Review Westward expansion, including

36. Reservation system ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

37. Dawes Act ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

38. Wounded Knee ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

39. Sand Creek massacre ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

40. Little Big Horn ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

41. Manifest destiny ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Industrialization

42. Analyze the challenges faced by American farmers, and the farmers’ responses to these challenges in the mid-to-late 1800s. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



Examine the second Industrial Revolution that began in the late 19th century; causes and consequences;

43. Social _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

44. Political _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

45. Economic _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

46. Compare the first and second Industrial Revolution in the United States. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

47. How did the development steel, oil, transportation, communication and business practices affect the U.S. economy? _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

48. Analyze changes that occurred as the U.S. shifted from an agrarian to an industrial society. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

What was the:

49. Chinese Exclusion Act? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

50. Gentlemen’s Agreement with Japan? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Why were the following things important?

51. Class system ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

52. Migration from farms to cities ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

53. Social gospel movement ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

54. Settlement houses ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Examine the causes, course and consequences of the labor movement in the late 19th and early 20th centuries

55. Causes ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

56. Early unions ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

57. Strikes and riots ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

58. Response of business owners and government ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Describe these economic and philosophic ideologies:

59. Social Darwinism ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

60. Gospel of Wealth ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Who were the:

61. Muckrakers ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

62. Populists ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

63. Progressives ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



Imperialism

64. What were the major factors that drove U.S. imperialism?

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

65. What was the motivation for acquiring territories? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

66. What were the causes, events, and consequences of the Spanish American War? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

67. What were the economic, military, and security motivations for the U.S. completion of the Panama Canal? ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

68. What were the major obstacles in construction of the Panama Canal? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

World War I

Examine causes, key event, and consequences of U.S. involvement in WWI. Describe:

69. British propaganda ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

70. Lusitania/u-boat activity ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

71. Zimmermann telegram ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



Describe U.S. government war measures:

72. Selective Service Act ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

73. War Industries Board ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

74. War bonds ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

75. Espionage Act ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

76. Sedition Act ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

77. Committee of Public Information ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

78. What was the impact of new weaponry in creating a new type of warfare? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

79. Compare the experiences minority Americans (African Americans, women, conscientious objectors) had while serving in Europe.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



How did the war impact:

80. Women? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

81. German Americans? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

82. African Americans? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

83. Great migration? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

84. Dissenters against the war (Eugene V. Debs)? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



Describe the following:

85. The Treaty of Versailles ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

86. The failure of the U.S. to support the League of Nations. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Describe the following things:

87. Isolationism ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

88. Kellogg-Briand Treaty ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Social change and the 1920s

Describe the following things:

89. Labor unrest ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

91. Palmer Raids ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

92. Sacco and Vanzetti ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



How did the economic boom of the 1920s change:

93. Consumers? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

94. Businesses? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

95. Manufacturing? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

96. Marketing practices? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Describe the influence on society in the 1920s of

97. Hollywood ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

98. Harlem renaissance ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

99. Fundamentalist movement ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

100. Prohibition ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Compare the views of the African American experience of

101. Booker T. Washington ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

102. Marcus Garvey ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

103. W.E.B. DuBois ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



104. Explain the growing support for the Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s and its idea and beliefs. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

105. Analyze support for and resistance to civil rights for minorities; women, African Americans, Native Americans, etc. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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