American Government- building on the Past


Topic 1, Section 4- The Basics of Democracy



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American Government- Building on the Past

Topic 1, Section 4- The Basics of Democracy

Explain in detail these five basic concepts of democracy:

  1. Worth of the Individual (Recognition of the fundamental worth & dignity of all persons).

This means that every individual in this county has dignity and individuality.



  1. Respect for the equality of all persons.

This means that not a single person is to be held worth or over another in the court of law.

  1. Faith in majority rule and an insistence upon minority rights.

This means that majority will rule but never at the expense of minority rights.

  1. Necessity of Compromise.

This means without compromise the government would be obsolete and nothing would be done or resolved.

  1. Insistence upon the widest possible degree of individual freedom.

This means you have rights and freedoms as long as it doesn’t infringe on another persons rights or freedom.

  1. List several duties of American citizens.

  1. List several responsibilities of American citizens.

  • Voting

  • Community Service

  • Armed Services

  1. What is the difference between a duty and a responsibility?



  • Duty:Required to do



  • Responsibility: Something you should do



  1. Describe a free enterprise system

It’s a private ownership, high competition, individual initiative system.

10. How does supply and demand work?

Demand refers to how much of that product, item, commodity, or service consumers are willing and able to purchase at a particular price. Supply pertains to how much the producers of a product or service are willing to produce and can provide to the market with limited amount of resources available.


  1. How are democracy and free enterprise system similar and different?

Similar: Both have the basics of individual freedom

Different: Democracy is dealing with people free enterprise is dealing with money



  1. What role does the government play in the free enterprise system?

The government serves as the regulation to ensure nothing infringes upon our rights.



  1. In your opinion, how much should government participate, regulate, promote, police, and serve the people? (What is the proper role of government in our life and economy?) Explain your thoughts in detail.

The proper role of our government is to serve our needs. I believe that the government should serve ones needs to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness but not without payment in return.

14. Of the five basic components of democracy, which do you think is the most important, and why? Is there any particular reason as to why you think this concept is the most important? Explain.

Of the five basic components I think the most important is the equality of all. I believe this is important because I am a very strong empathizer and I believe that everyone has the ability to be great and that we are all the same and their is room for all of us to be successful and there is no place for inequality.

15. Is there anything that is a responsibility of citizens, that you feel should be changed to be a duty of citizenship? Why, or why not? Explain.



I believe that one responsibility that should become a duty is knowing about the United States. It is not mandatory to know the US type of government and economy and I think it is important for every citizen to understand these basic facts.
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