American Government- building on the Past

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American Government- Building on the Past

American Government- Building on the Past

  1. Describe democracy in ancient Athens.

Democracy in ancient Athens was what is considered a true/direct democracy where they would come together multiple times a year to decide as a society with everyone voting.

  1. Describe democracy in the Roman Republic.

Roman republic democracy was one of the first forms of indirect democracy where the people would elect leaders.

  1. How is the U.S. constitutional republic similar to the Roman Republic?

The US constitutional republic is similar because we elect leaders to make decisions.

  1. Briefly describe the Feudal system of government.

The feudal system of government is that there are powerful high lords that divide their land to the lower people.

  1. Why might the founders not have thought feudalism was a good model for a government?

It gave power to people that shouldn’t have been in power.

Nations and Kings

6. How did the Black Plague of the 1340s alter feudalism?

It killed a third of the population which lessened the effects of fuedalism.

7. Briefly describe the rise of town in Europe.

The town had people settle in the town then trade and experiment freedom to test feudalism.

8. How did the power of monarchs expand by the late 1400s?

The monarchs took advantage of the towns because having more towns meant more wealth.

9. What problems did absolute monarchy create?

The lack of rights for citizens.

10. How are absolute monarchies different from the constitutional republic of the United States?

The monarchs have no limit to their power and are immune whereas the US limits the leaders powers and does not grant immunity.

Power, Authority, and Legitimacy

11. Define legitimacy.

The belief in public policy.

Describe how governments gain legitimacy through these ways:

12. Tradition:

The divine right of the king - god given right to rule.

13. Power of personality/charisma:

People with lots of charisma are more likely to be popular among people.

14. Rule of law:

Kings and monarchs must obey laws and rules as if they were a citizen.

15. Why do governments need legitimacy?

It keeps the social contract in place with the people.

16. How has the U.S. government gained legitimacy?

Through the constitution.

European Colonialism

17. What is colonialism?

The third party control of nations beyond your borders.

18. Define mercantilism and its relationship to absolute monarchy and colonial trade.

It is the belief that money is directly proportional to power. It develops colonies and militaries by building a solid trade system.

19. Why were monarchs able to monopolize overseas commerce?

Through Mercantilism, monarchs acquired as much wealth as possible from foreign colonies.

20. List two consequences of colonialism for monarchy and mercantilism:

Mercantilism created the want for slaves and brought out slaver and monarchy limited/eliminated the rights of the people.

Power Comes from the People

21. Briefly describe the views of English political theorist John Locke.

He created some of the nations rights and liberties and also was the early template for the declaration of independence.

22. Briefly describe the views of English political theorist Thomas Hobbes.

He brought the idea that rulers and people come up with the rights and powers of their respective parties.

23. Briefly describe the views of economist Adam Smith.

He criticized the economies that favored the wealthy.

24. Briefly describe the views of French philosopher Voltaire.

He was an advocate for reason, religious freedom, and the importance of scientific observation and the idea of human progress.

25. Briefly describe the views of English jurist William Blackstone.

He believed in monarchies losing their divine legitimacy and god given sovereignty.

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