CHAPTER OVERVIEW In Britain, reforms gave all men the right to vote. A republic was proclaimed in France, but political conflict continued. Some British colonies won the right to govern themselves, but the struggle for that right was not easy in Ireland. The United States fought a civil war that finally put an end to slavery. New inventions and scientific advances made life more healthful and enjoyable. S 3. War and Expansion in the United States
KEY IDEA The United States expanded across North America and fought a bloody civil war.
The United States had troubles of its own. In the
early 1800s, the nation grew in size. It bought
a huge piece of land from France in the Louisiana
Purchase. Many said it was “manifest destiny”—the
right of the United States to rule the land from the