Allan Ralph Andrews, born September 13

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Allan Ralph Andrews, born September 13th 1939, Long Beach California, St. Mary’s Hospital, 4:03 AM, father Ralph B. Andrews, mother, Jean Thompson Andrews, now remarried as Jean Colaluca.

In an attempt to trace the ancestors of my mother, Jean Thompson Andrews, born Jean Thompson, of Hugh Monroe Thompson, father, and Mary Lingenfelter Thompson, mother, discovered links to the Pyle family tree through the parents of Mary Lingenfelter Thompson, born Mary Lingenfelter to Henrietta Kennedy Lingenfelter and Benjamin Harrison Lingenfelter. Both Henrietta and Benjamin came from Missouri and there were a number of links to their ancestors in Missouri records. Henrietta was born Henrietta Kennedy to Judge Samuel T. and Lucretia (Smith) Kennedy. The Missouri Genealogy Trails website has an extensive biography section for Andrew County Missouri and the discussion of Henry Newton Kennedy gives the link to his father Samuel T. According to this link, Samuel was born on a farm in Fayette County, Indiana, September 29th 1830 to a farmer named John Kennedy, born in North Carolina of a mother with the maiden name of Charity McMichael, also from North Carolina. Further links indicate that John Kennedy was born as John Bennett Kennedy 26 July 1782 in Orange, NC and died 31 August 1863, buried in the Cain Cemetery in Nodaway, Missouri. His wife, Charity was born 9 May 1790 in Guilford, North Carolina. John’s father is given as James Kennedy (died 1808 in Guilford) and his wife is given the maiden name of Elizabeth Bailelet, born 1752 in North Carolina. Charity McMichael was the daughter of Archibald McMichael, who died in Guilford 23rd of September 1818. Her mother’s name was also Charity. The James Kennedy link appears to connect to a Hugh Kennedy, born 1725, died 1814 and Catherine Hughes. This takes the Kennedy linage out of North Carolina and into Pennsylvania, where James Kennedy appears to have been born. Apparently Hugh Kennedy was born 1725 in Ireland and died in Mifflin, in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. Hugh married a Catherine Hughes in 1746 in Pennsylvania, a daughter of Martin Hughes, born sometime in 1725 in Maryland and died in Butler County, Pennsylvania. Hugh Kennedy appears to be the son of Jane Gray and William Kennedy. William Kennedy was born in Charlesont Ireland in 1690 and christened 17 September 1692 in Dublin, Ireland. He married Jane Gray on 3 November 1721 in Dublin. William ended up with land at the fork of the Youghiogheny and Monongehela rivers and lived there from 1773 till his death in 1793. Williams father, given as William T. Kennedy, was born in Scotland sometime around 1670 and apparently served with William of Orange in the “Siege of Derry and Ennis Killen 1689 Battle of the Boyne.” Notes available in various genealogical references seem to indicate that he married a woman named Ann and had a large family that included the William Kennedy that came to America.

On reference available on the web, “Bill Roy’s Genealogy Page” gives the following information on Hugh Kennedy son of William and grandson of William T.. It claims that he came to America when he was only 17 and was disowned by his Presbyterian father for becoming a Methodist. This would explain the difficulty of tracing this line and the tendency for the children to wander since religious affiliation was an important element of settlement at this time. Apparently Hugh served as a private for the colonial army of Pennsylvania in the Revolution in 1777 and 1778. It also states that Jane Gray, mother of Hugh, died 9 September 1781, in Pittsburgh, PA.

But, Henrietta’s mother was Lucretia Webster Smith. How do you go about tracing that line? Fortunately Barbara Leimback did a very good job of researching the Ezekial W. Smith line and posted it April 2005. According to this source Lucretia Webster Smith was the daughter of John Payton Smith, born 5 December 1799 and Elizabeth Crittendon (1800 -1839). Lucretia Webster was born 1833 and died 1920. Apparently Ezekial W. Smith, Sr. was born in Tennessee 28 November 1806, son of Vincent Smith (1778 – 1857) and Anna Dolin (1775). Now there is a Bedford Tennessee Deed Book, page 334 12/11/1826 in which William Crittendon lists his heirs and one is Elizabeth Crittendon, wife of John P. Smith. Apparently William Crittendon changed the spelling of his name when he moved from Anson (Montgomery County) North Carolina where he was born in 1765. His father is given as William C. Crittenden of Essex County, Virginia and his mother as Sarah Lee. William C. Crittenden of Essex County is given as the son of Henry Crittenden and Frances F. Upshaw, born in Gloucester County Virginia and died 9 November 1716 in Essex County Virginia, Henry is listed as the son of Richard Crittenden and Ann Forrest. Sarah Lee married William C. Crittenden in Virginia in1761 apparently and died November 9th in 1766 in Montgomery, North Carolina. Among the Children of Henry Crittenden is a son born about 1708 (also named Henry) who was the father of John Lee Crittenden who was the father in turn of John Jordon Crittenden, Senator from Kentucky, Attorney General of the US, and Governor of Kentucky, another son Robert Crittenden, served as secretary and governor of Arkansas when it was a territory. This connection is probably the source of the family story that the governor of Missouri, Thomas Crittenden, was a cousin, since he was a nephew of John Jordon Crittenden, a very distant cousin of Elizabeth Crittenden Smith mother of Lucretia Webster.

The Sarah Lee connection is also difficult to trace. Robert Lee gave a will that is in book I, page 14, Anson County North Carolina in which he gives items to his wife Sarah Lee and his daughter Sarah Crittenden, the date is 1766. This may be the Sarah Lee that married William C. Crittenden, the son of Henry Crittenden and Francis F. Upshaw and was the mother of William C. Crittenden born 1765 in Anson County and father of Elizabeth Crittenden, wife of John P. Smith, mother of Lucretia Webster Smith. Apparently Robert Lee was the son of James Lee who died in 1732 (his will dated 14 January 1731 in Bertie Precinct, NC, proved in Edgecombe Precint, NC, November Court, 1732). Apparently he married a Sarah (Moore?), perhaps born in 1702 in Nansemond County Virginia, He was, apparently the son of John Lee of Liecaster England, born around 1670, and migrated to Nansemond County, where John is found in a 4/20/1694 land patent that gives him the right to transport 20 persons from England. John had 960 acres on the upper part of Nansemond County, East side of Somerton Creek, beginning on a small island on the East Side of the Creek to the Northeast side of Cyprus Swamp.

These early roots in Virginia, North Carolina, and Pennsylvania are difficult to trace, particularly when the mother’s line is what you are after. John Bennett Kennedy, appears to have married a Charity McMichael sometime in 1806 in Guilford North Carolina. She appears to have been born 9 May 1790 in Guilford. The family appears to have moved to Fayette County Indiana in 1825 and then moved to Rush County Indiana in 1834, finally moving to Nodaway County. Charity McMichael to have been the daughter of Archibald McMichael who died in Guilford 23 September 1818. His wife was named Charity but there seems to be no record of her maiden name.

If the McMichael link is hard to trace, so is the Kennedy. Elizabeth Bailelet seems to have been born in North Carolina and to have married James Kennedy in 1772. The Family Tree Maker listings from Ancetery.Com list the following children: Samuel Kennedy, born 22 of October 1775 in Orange County and died 30 April 1840 in Posey, Rush, Indiana. Mary Kennedy, born 29 December 1772, John Bennett, born 26th of July 1780, Jane, born 9 September 1788, Elizabeth, born 1 of July 1785, Nancy, born 6 September 1782, and Esther, born 16 March 1796. John Bennett married Charity McMichael, born in Guilford, NC, 9 May 1790 (1788) in Guilford. They had the following children in Guilford: Margaret, 30 March 1807, Zabiah, 8 Feb. 1809, Nancy, 3 June 1811, James, 26 June 1812, William S., born 18 Feb. 1813, Elizabeth Ann, 2 Feb. 1815, Archibald McMichael, 15 August 1818, Charity, born 7 March 1826, Sarah Jane, born 10 October 1823, and Samuel Thomas, born 29 September 1830 in Fayette County, Indiana.

Apparently Samuel Kennedy got a deed in 1808 from the heirs of James. These appear to have been Jesse Lynch and his wife Mary Kennedy, Joseph Ross and his wife Sarah Kennedy, John Kennedy, Betsy Kennedy, Jenney Kennedy, Nancy Kennedy, and Esther Kennedy, this land was now in Alamance County.

Joseph Ross appears to have died September 4th 1836 in Fayette County, Indiana. Sarah (Kennedy) Ross renounces her rights to administer the estate in favor of her son Samuel K. Ross. He seems to have had an interest in a store at Alquina, Indiana. Sarah appears to have taken a gray mare, a colt, a bureau, a cupboard, a clock, a black and white cow, a red pied cow, a trundle bed and bedding as her hundred dollar share of the estate, she also got a third part of the remainder which included 20 geese, a breakfast table, 12 sheep, a stew kettle, 8 acres of corn, a side saddle, a tea kettle, and other things of this type. This Sarah Kennedy was born to James Kennedy and Elizabeth Bailelet in Orange, North Carolina 24 September 1780, and thus is an older sister of my ancestor John Bennett Kennedy and an aunt of my Great Grandmother Henrietta’s father Samuel. There is speculation on the Donny Hamilton webside that Sarah Ross has some problems that make her unfit as a guardian for her children. It is indicated that Joseph D. Ross owned and “platted” much of Alquina between 1822 and 1825.

John Kennedy’s wife Charity was born in Guilford Co. NC. 9 May 1790 to Charity and Archibald McMichael. Archibald died 23 September 1818 in Guilford. His son Thomas (older brother of Charity, wife of John Kennedy) was born in Guilford in 1778 and died 30 November 1858 in Rush Co. Indiana. He married Nancy Ann Moody, born 28 January 1801 in Guilford, and died 5 August 1848 in Rush County (buried in Stanley Cemetery, Posey, Indiana. William (another older brother of Charity) was born 1787 and died 14 September 1848 in Guilford. Thomas and Nancy Ann Moody had a child named Charity McMichael who married Jesse Kelam in Guilford 28 January 1830, the marriage announced in the Greensboro NC “Patriot.” William McMichael marred Rhoda E. Pegram, died 3 January 1852. Both William and Rhoda are buried in the Methodist Church Cemetery at 6142 Lake Brandt Road. William McMichael died leaving five tracts of land including 45 acres of Haw River tract land that had belonged to his father Archibald. When Archibald’s wife Charity (senior, several generations of daughters were all named Charity) died in Guilford in 1829, she left her bible to William and all of her beds and household furniture to her oldest daughter Margaret McMurrey (born 1781).

Jesse Lynch married Mary Kennedy 9 January 1792 in Orange, North Carolina. Jesse was born in 1752 and died in 1825. He was the son of Thomas Lynch and Hannah Schroeder. Thomas Lynch was born 1725 and died March 15, 1781 in Hillsoboro NC, He was the son of Jonah Jonach Lynch. Hannah Schroder was the daughter of Johah Ulrich Schroeder. Jesse Lynch’s father-in-law, James Kennedy, sold him 264 acres on Jordan Creek and Jesse was a witness for the quit claim deed that gave Samuel Kennedy land that had been James Kennedy land in Alamance County, following the death of James Kennedy (1808?). Mary Kennedy was the oldest of the daughters of James and Elizabeth, born 28 December in Orange, North Carolina.

Archibald McMichael Kennedy was a son of John Bennett Kennedy and Charity McMichael, an older brother of Samuel Kennedy. He was born in Guilford, North Carolina 15 August 1818 and died in Rush County, Indiana, 3 June 1897. He married Henrietta Langston, 10 October 1820 in Union, Indiana. Between 1870 and 1918 (postings in the web indicate this), Archibald and his sons Emmett and Charles built over 58 covered bridges. Apparently Archibald took up the trade of carpenter in Rush County and moved on to Wabash in 1853, where he started building bridges as a source of extra money. In 1870 he built a two span covered bridge in Rush County that stood for more than one hundred years. In 1871, so it is claimed, he and his son built a 150 foot span in Butler County, Ohio over Seven Mile Creek. In 1883, Archibald was elected to the Indiana State Senate.

At a certain point keeping track of these relations becomes confusing. The Stanley Cemetery in Rush County, Indiana contains a number of Kennedy and McMichael graves, including Samuel Kennedy (died April 30th 1840, brother of John Bennett Kennedy) and Nancy McMichael Kennedy, (died Dec. 11th 1862, sister of John Bennett Kennedy’s wife Charity McMichael Kennedy) and Nancy Ann Moody McMichael (died September 5th 1838, wife of Charity’s brother Thomas McMichael). Apparently the cemetery is the site of a church where John McMichael lived in a nearby house and served as the church janitor. John was the son of Thomas McMichael and Nancy Ann Moody McMichael and he and his wife Mahala Britton McMichael are buried in the Stanley Cemetery, here, along with many relatives.

The 1850 census has John Bennett Kennedy and his wife Charity and his son Samuel and his wife living in the same area as Ambrose Cain. John Bennett Kennedy had a daughter, Sarah Jane Kennedy, born 10 Oct 1823, who married Charles Leo Cain and had a number of children. Her daughter Margaret Victoria (age 2 months, 6 days) is buried in the Cain Cemetery in Nodaway County along with Sara Jane (age 6 months, 24 days). George M. and George W., also sons of Sarah Jane and Charles Cain are buried here. Jesse Cain and Martha, parents of Ambrose Cain are buried here along with his sister Mourncy Cain. There is obviously a relationship between the Cains and the Kennedy family at this point, but it is not clear what that is or what is going on. The memorial data on Mariam Lowe Cain indicate that she was the wife of Jesse Cain and the mother of Mourncy, Nathaniel, Belthelmite, Griffith, Charles L. (1818 -1894), Lassel, Jesse, Shunamite, Mary, Bently, and John Cain. If she is the mother of Charles Leo as well as Ambrose and Charles Leo is the husband of Sarah Jane, daughter of John Bennett and Charity Kennedy, sister of Samuel Thomas, it explains their presence together in the same area and the use of both Cain and Kennedy of this cemetery. Some of the Cains would be son-law, daughter-in-law, grandchildren, etc. of Grandfather and Grandmother John and Charity Kennedy.

A history of Northwest Missouri published in 1915 and presented on a website for Andrew County, Missouri, has a section devoted to Henry Newton Kennedy, a son of Samuel T. and Lucretia Webster (Smith) Kennedy born November 25th 1855 in Nodaway County. According to this account, Samuel was fourteen when he arrived in Platte County, Missouri. According to the account, the area was mainly inhabited by Indians at the time. When he moved to a farm near Maryville in Nodaway County in 1850, there were no families between him and the town and only four families and a single store in the town itself.

Samuel apparently was a Methodist, Mason, and an Odd Fellow Lodge member. Apparently, Samuel was district deputy grand master for the Masons in 1873 and 1874.

He was elected chairman of the County Court in 1873.

His son was a successful farmer, according to this account, but a tornado took away all the buildings and trees July 13, 1883. In 1901, Henry Newton Kennedy moved to Andrew County on 320 acres, which at the time of the article, were graced by “a handsome set of buildings.” These included the “most up-to-date machinery and equipment.” His wife is described as a graduate of “Stanberry State Normal School” and as a local school teacher in Andrew and Nodaway counties.

This description of the situation of Samuel and his son Henry (Father and Brother of my Great Grandmother Henrietta (Kennedy) Lingenfelter) illustrates the fate of my Great Grandmother’s branch of my lineage. Originally from Ireland, Scotland, and England via the Guilford area of North Carolina, arriving in the 1730s and 1740s, they found that the land nearest the larger rivers had already been claimed. Political positions and good schools were reserved for established families. If they could read and write in the old country, after a generation in the backcountry, their children had largely lost the ability to sign their own name. It was inevitable that they would quickly move on to new land in Indiana and Missouri, as soon as it opened up to settlement. Slowly they obtained training and schooling for their children and the land and equipment necessary for success in farming and local crafts, eventually achieving political and social positions of importance.

By the time my mother’s generation appeared, as far as the family members that raised me were concerned, teaching was a generally accepted occupation for a women. Both my mother and her sister, Jean and Miriam Thompson, had teaching credentials, my Uncle, Victor Thompson, had a degree in microbiology from the University of California, Berkeley, and an MD from USC. Henrietta (Kennedy) Lingenfelter’s son John Lingenfelter was an MD gynecologist that is said to have never lost a single mother in sixty years of practice at the Poly Clinic in Seattle, Washington.

My generation has carried this to the absurd. I am a certified public account, a certified clinical hypnotherapist, I have been a marriage family and child counselor intern for the State of California, a licensed substance abuse counselor and associate counselor for the State of Arizona, I have State of California Teaching Credentials in School Psychology, Social Science, Life Science, Physical Science, Agriculture, and Business, a Masters in Botany from the University of California, Los Angeles, a Ph.D. from Pacific Western, and I have received Teaching Fellowships in History at the University of Houston, Philosophy at the State University of New York at Albany, Biology at California State University, Los Angeles. I started teaching graduate students at UCLA at the age of twenty two and by the age of twenty four was Curator of the Herbarium of Medicinal Plants for the Department of Pharmacology of the School of Medicine. I have recently retired at 68 as School Psychologist and Director of Special Education for the McFarland Unified Schools in McFarland, California.

The need to achieve all these titles seems to be a natural outcome of the influence of my mother and grandmother on my early development. The family’s experience in the Missouri of 1870, 1880, etc, convinced some family members that education was the solution to family social and economic problems. The result was that both of my Grandmother Mary (Lingenfelter) Thompson’s parents were college graduates and she saw to it that all her children were college graduates as well.

Another pattern that is interesting is the reaction of the family to the end of farming. By the end of the 19th century, family members were leaving the farm and moving to the city. The move to Seattle by Henrietta and Benjamin Harrison Lingenfelter was a major affair. Both Hugh Monroe and Mary (Lingenfelter) Thompson were graduates of Seattle High School, which seems to have been a good school at that time. But, Benjamin and Henrietta spend a lot of ministerial assignments in other places, Tacoma, Helena, Montana, finally ending up in Torrance, California when it was still a small city. Hugh and Mary ended up apple ranching in the town of Selah outside of Yakima, where my mother Jean Thompson was born. They finally moved to Torrance and then Long Beach.

Both my parents, Jean (Thompson) Andrews and Ralph Andrews, were graduates of Long Beach Polytechnic High School and Long Beach City College. Long Beach was a major beach resort and naval base, a major port city. But, my parents could not seem to make up their mind if they wanted to stay there after I was born. First, the whole family, Hugh, Mary, my parents, my mother’s sister Miriam and her husband moved to West Los Angeles, around 1942, at the beginning of World War II.

Once the war was over my parents moved to a house in the orange groves outside of Ontario, California when it had a population of only 22,000. My aunt Miriam (Thompson) Gilbert moved with her husband Frank to Encino in San Fernando Valley and my grandmother and grandfather, Hugh and Mary bought a hilltop in the valley in Granada Hills. They never actually moved there, but thought of raising chickens, per “The Egg and I” by Betty McDonald, a very popular book and movie of that period. So suddenly city was out and rural was good. This would be a constant theme in my family. Relatives were forever moving away from, or back to the city, away from, or back to the country. It has also been a constant theme in my life.

Just as my mother finally decided to settle down in North Torrance, a house a way from a dairy farm, I started moving and could not seem to stop. Long Beach State College, University of California Los Angeles, a teaching position in Western Michigan at Muskegon County Community College, a position in Johnstown New York at Fulton Montgomery Community College that saw me living on Caroga Lake in the Adirondack Mountains. Hunters taking aim at the rental housing I was living in and sharing my bathroom with large rats sent me back to the city and to Miami, Florida to teach community college at Miami-Dade South Campus in 1968.

But, like my relatives, I could not make up my mind and the next year saw me back up at Johnstown, but this time buying my own house in town. That was when I married a college chemistry professor from Manhattan Island in New York, with hopes of actually living in the city. We compromised on downtown Schenectady, New York, where we purchased a very old house in the old Stockade Area, the historic part of the city on the Mohawk River. But that wasn’t enough, so the next year we were off too London, England. I was doing research at the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, and my wife and I were teaching science in the Kent County Council schools, till the religious discrimination, then in practice against non-Christian children, became so extreme that my wife and I left England in protest.

So that found us living in a trailer park in a swampy area north of Jacksonville, Florida till I got a job teaching college in tidewater Virginia, where we lived in an old farmhouse not far where my ancestors, the Crittenden’s had live two hundred years before. But, we could not make up our minds just where to stay, a few years later we were living in a the Park Wilshire Hotel on Wilshire Blvd, and then we were in Houston, Texas, and then Pasadena, California, then Richmond, Virginia, Portland, Oregon, and then back to Houston, and then back to Portland, and then we moved to Costa Mesa, in Orange County, and then Seattle, while I moved back to Houston, Texas, to play auditor for the Department of Defense. It was as if all the social and geographic and rural vs. urban indecision of my family had curled up in a giant ball and sprung right in my face.

The solution was a series of 12 step programs for various types of dependence and codependence that has built up as I attempted to escape the pressure of the continually tightening string. At first I could not slow down, soon I was back in Seattle, then in San Jose. In San Jose, I began training in hypnosis, and took a Masters degree in Marriage, Family, and Child Counseling, became a teacher, and then trained as a School Psychologist. Soon I was back in Long Beach where I had been born, and I stayed in the general Southern California area for the next few years till I took a job in rural Kern County as a School Psychologist, and I have been living in Kern County ever since. I retired from School Psychology in 2008 and spent ten weeks doing School Psychology in rural Ohio in 2010. Otherwise I have been working as a graduate student in the Humanities, emphasis Art, at local colleges, particularly California State University, Bakersfield. Still working out the rural against urban dilemma and still trying to unwind the springs within.

Still dealing with how I had become something so complex and so tightly wound that I belonged everywhere and nowhere and I was spinning so rapidly at that point that I first entered 12 step programs, it seemed nothing could stop me. And yet, I was the natural product, as you can see above, of the forces that had created me, moving ever more rapidly, becoming overeducated, absorbing and processing more and more information.

In 12 step they tell you easy does it, keep it simple, first things first, if it works do not fix it, time takes time, its wanting what you have not having what you want that counts, its an attitude of gratitude, of surrender, of acceptance, that you did not cause, you cannot control, you cannot cure the addictive problems of others, but you need to focus on your own problems. Which is what I have tried to do. But, it is not easy. Gradually, my family has turned from farming and building bridges to teaching, being a doctor, my mother left teaching to become a Speech Pathologist, now I have become a School Psychologist. My Great Grandparents were preachers, brothers, fathers of preachers, I became a hypnotist, one step further toward mind control of others.

One of the things that becomes apparent in doing research on these groups of ancestors is the patterns that existed associated with occupations and religious institutions. Generally, Quakers associated with Quakers, Methodists with Methodists, Baptists with Baptists, and were buried in association with particular churches. Samuel T. Kennedy is described as being Baptist. His son Henry is described as having no affiliation at all. Henrietta and Benjamin Harrison Lingenfelter were Disciples of Christ, Benjamin was a Disciples of Christ Minister, originally his male lineage came from Quaker ancestors. The Thompsons had been Methodists, Fredrick Thompson, older brother of Hugh Monroe, was a Methodist minister.

Generally, Jews and Christians, Catholics and Protestants, Methodists and Baptists and Presbyterians and Quakers, Episcopalians, Lutherans, Mennonites, even Dutch Reformed, within the Protestant community, kept apart. The Guilford area of North Carolina seems to have been largely Presbyterian, Quaker, Reformed, Baptist, and Methodist. The McMichael and Kennedy family appears to have been either Methodist or nothing much at all. They did not appear to fit in with the established families that had large numbers of slaves. Nor, initially, were they artisans the brought the kinds of skills that would work in cities. Where they were involved in cities, it was more for things like politics, judgeships, running a store, selling land. They did not tend to be the mill operators, road builders, when they did get involved in building bridges in Indiana, it seems to have represented a new skill. They seem to have been more involved with horses, rather than boats, carts, or railway operations. So their big entrance into the urban world was when their men folk became preachers, lawyers, judges, doctors, when their women became teachers. And nothing seems to have changed much in that area from that day to this.

My position as a School Psychologist is sort of a compromise between my mother’s work as a School Teacher and a Speech Pathologist, my Uncle’s work as a Doctor, and my Great Uncles work as a preacher in a home for unwed mothers (My Great Uncle Fredrick Thompson of Tacoma, Washington). It is a further development and compromise of a process that had been working itself through the family history for some time. I am just another piece of tubing in the system it seems.

My other careers fit in the pattern also. I taught native plants for ornamental uses at California State Polytechnic University, Pomona in 1966. I taught Botany at Miami Dade Junior College South Campus in Miami, Florida, in 1968. When I was working as a teaching assistant and research assistant for the Department of Botany at the University of California, Los Angeles, it was still part of the School of Agriculture. This is not inconsistent with the farming background of my family and Grandfather Hugh Thompson’s work as a State Agricultural Inspector when he wasn’t apple farming or working for the local post office in Selah, Washington.

My Grandfather’s twin brother was a dentist. He had a large garden on property developed by my Great Grandfather Thompson in Des Moines, Washington. He and his friends and family had a good deal of knowledge of various varieties of fruits and berries. It is not surprising that my work for the Botany Garden and Herbarium at UCLA, caused the Department of Agriculture to offer me the position of curator of the herbarium of the National Arboretum in Washington in 1964, for at that time, Dr. Mathias, the woman I was working under in my doctoral studies, was considered one of the world’s leading taxonomic botanists, and the kinds of things I was studying were a natural development of the interests of my farming relatives and ancestors in the living things of the land and garden. Teaching about them was a natural development of the new interest of members of my family in State Normal Schools and teaching institutions. The University of California, Los Angeles, where my mother obtained her degree in education, her sister obtained her degree in nutrition, I obtained my MA in botany, had originally been a state normal school for Los Angeles.

The woman I was studying under, Dr. Mildred Mathias, had obtained her Ph.D in taxonomic botany in Missouri, at Washington University in Saint Louis, and she herself represented one of the many Missouri families that had relocated to Southern California. So everything was following its natural course. But, the problem for me was there were too many natural courses and too many streams of energy were coming together in too many places and too many ways at once.

Part of this is caused by the effect of Southern California, on the Pacific Coast, San Pedro, San Diego, Long Beach, international ports, they attracted many different religions and cultures. My father and mother, Ralph B. Andrews, Jean (Thompson) Andrews, her parents Hugh Monroe Thompson and Mary (Lingenfelter) Thompson were attracted to the writings and the religious services of Ernest Holmes and the Institute of Religious Science and Science of Mind Magazine, now called “Centers for Spiritual Living.” Holmes described what he taught as a fusion of liberal transcendental “new thought” Christianity with Hinduism, Buddhism, Platonism, liberal Jewish thought, Daoism, Islam, etc.. God became a pantheistic infinite cosmic mind that was inclusive of all things, a Hindu Brahman, Buddhist Buddhamind, Platonist Hen One, boundless love and truth. It was German Romanticism, Berkeley, Fitche, Hegel, Kant, Alfred North Whitehead, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Jung, William James, Norman Vincent Peale, all wrapped up in shiny paper. I took to it like a duck to water and I still am stuck in the same pond, head full of philosophy and science, my metaphysics not that much different than what I learned from listening to Ernest Holmes lecture every Sunday from his Theatre podium in Beverly Hills. It is not surprising that I taught Comparative Religion at several colleges, including an upper division class in South Asian Philosophy at the State University of New York at Albany in 1969-1970 as a teaching fellow, or that I have spent a good deal of time in the Thai Buddhist Temple in Bakersfield and the Tibetan Buddhist Group in McFarland, California. It is my cup of Buddhist tea.

I believe my Grandmother and Grandfather Thompson, both fans of Gandhi would have been in sympathy, I know Hugh Thompson would have been because we read Self Realization Fellowship books together, including “Autobiography of a Yogi.” He used to take me to the Religious Science Church in Hermosa Beach, which held its services in the barroom of the old Hermosa Biltmore Hotel.

Hugh Monroe Thompson was the son of the operator of a livery business in Seattle, Washington. According to my Grandfather, his father had practically a monopoly on livery services in Seattle and refused to convert to the age of the automobile because he thought automobiles were a fad. At some point the Thompsons had moved to Oregon and it was here that Hugh’s sister Mary would meet, and later marry, Alfred Clinton Gilbert. This marriage was significant because it would bring together two people, now the stuff of legends, Alfred and Mary Gilbert, that are the star characters in what is becoming an important seasonal American dramatic production, the play, and television movie, “The Man Who Saved Christmas.”

Alfred had an MD from Yale and was a Olympic gold medal winner in pole vault. He created one of the largest most successful toy manufacturing operations in the United States centered on a factory complex in New Haven that made electric trains (American Flyer), chemistry sets (Gilbert brand), fans, food mixers, mechanical building kits (Erector Sets), magic sets, microscope sets, etc.. For a while his toy company was a legend at Christmas time, I and my Father Ralph B. Andrews visited the Gilberts for a week and toured the factory and grounds of the square mile of Gilbert estates in suburban New Haven in the summer of 1952, when I was 12. My aunt Miriam (Thompson) Gilbert married Frank Gilbert, a son of Harold Gilbert of Portland, Oregon. Harold was a brother of Alfred, which made Frank his nephew. Frank had studied engineering at Yale.

When I was two years old, in 1942, my Father went to work as a Bank Examiner for the Treasury Department and was sent to the Utah area. My Mother went to work in the Reber aircraft plant (later Lear Jet). Frank Gilbert was an electronic engineer on the staff of the plant and my Grandfather Hugh was working as their purchasing agent. A job he kept until I was fourteen in 1954. The plant was on Pico Blvd. between Santa Monica and West Los Angeles and we moved to the Pico Blvd. area in West Los Angeles to be close to the aircraft facility. Reber seems to have been making parts for electronic equipment in aircraft, but I am not sure, I was only two years old. As a result my Mother and Father were living next door to my Grandmother and Grandfather Thompson and only a few blocks away from my Aunt and Uncle, Frank and Miriam Gilbert, and only a few miles away from my Grandmother’s sister Lois (Lingenfelter) Engle. My Uncle Victor Thompson had a room in the house, though he actually spent most of his time with the Air Force in India. My Great Grandparents, Benjamin Harrison Lingenfelter and Henrietta (Kennedy) Lingenfelter were actually living in the same house with my Grandparents. When Henrietta died, I was given her sick room as my own room.

At an early age I was exposed to technology, science, business, accounting, federal auditing. It is not surprising that I have California teaching credentials in agriculture, business, social science, life science, physical science, and school psychology, that I am a Certified Public Accountant and retired federal auditor (my Father was a Public Accountant, and when he retired from his accounting business at the age of 84, Vice President of the Southern California Chapter of the California Society of Public Accountants). All are influences that can be traced to experiences described above, and things that were happening to my family as a result of happenings in the world at large.

World War II brought the Federal Government and the Military to Southern California in a major way, as noted above. My Mother’s favorite Aunt, Marty (Lingenfelter) Farman, (another daughter of Henrietta and Benjamin Harrison and sister of Lois and Mary) married a graduate of California Institute of Technology that would pioneer the application of new ideas in communication and meteorology to the Air Force, later becoming a decorated Brig. General of the Air Force on General McArthur’s Staff in the occupation of Japan.

Lois taught English in Torrance High School, later moving to the Los Angeles District and Brendo Junior High School, when she worked as a Counselor. She married John Engle, a brilliant mathematician and carpenter, who became the head of set estimating for the 20th Century Fox movie lot. Lois and John Engle’s son John would major in Physics at UCLA and their daughter Jane would go to the University of California at Santa Barbara, later obtaining a doctorate in English and teaching at the University of Florida.

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