Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds, peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah and upon his family and Companions. I read the story copied from the book entitled “Al-Tarikh” written by Ibn Jarir Al-Tabary (may Allah be merciful with him) regardingAmir Al-Mu’minin (Commander of the Believers)`Umar ibn Al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) which reads as follows: ”I followed him until he entered a house, and then he entered a room. I took permission to enter and I was given it. When I entered, I found him sitting on a mat and leaning on two pillows made of leather and stuffed with palm fibers. He gave me one of them to sit on. I saw a hall in which there was a curtain. He said, “O, Um Kulthum! Bring us lunch.” She brought him bread, oil and salt. He said, “O, Um Kulthum! Shall you come out and eat with us?” She said, “I hear the voice of a man with you.” He said, “Yes, and I do not think he is one of the residents of the country.” She said, “If you wanted me to sit with men, you would bring me clothes like those brought by Ibn Ja`far to his wife, by Al-Zubayr to his wife or by Talhah to his wife.” He said, Is it not enough for you to be said that Um Kulthum bint `Ali ibn Abu Talib and the wife of Amir Al-Mu’minin `Umar?” He said: “Come on, eat. If she had been satisfied, she would have made you better food than this.”
This tale is false; it is not true according to rules of transmission and the principles to verifying the meaning of the text. First: it is narrated by a group of weak narrators; some of them are accused of being liars and the direct source of this tale from `Umar is an unknown person. Thus, it is false according to the rules of transmission.
According to the principles of understanding the text, it is also false due to some reasons:
First, it contradicts what is known about `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him), his strictness in Hijab (veil), his extreme jealousy and his care that the Prophet should screen his wives until Allah (Exalted be He) revealed the Ayah (Qur’anic verse) concerning Hijab.
Second, it contradicts the rulings of Islam that were well-known to `Umar and any other scholar. The Qur’an and Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) prove the obligation of wearing Hijab and the prohibition of free intermixing (of men and women)in a way that causes Fitnah (temptation).
Third, its text is completely and logically rejected by anyone who contemplates it. In any case, this tale about `Umar is undoubtedly fabricated, whether to slander him, call for the free intermixing of men and women, or for other evil purposes. May Allah grant us safety!
Shaykh Abu Turab Al-Zhahiry, Shaykh Muhammad Ahmad Hisany and Dr. Hashim Bakr Habashy did well in their reply to this tale, clarifying its fabrication, and making it clear that such a tale cannot be attributed to Amir Al-Mu’minin `Umar ibn Al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him). May Allah reward them well, double their reward, grant us and them more knowledge and success and make us and them of the supporters of Al-Haqq (the Truth).
Out of taking part in the clarification of truth and refutation of falsehood, I found it necessary to write this brief statement to enlighten readers that this tale is false and degrading based on the reasons mentioned above. May Allah guide us all to the straight path and save us from the evils of ourselves and our misdeeds! He is All-Hearing, Ever-Near. May Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad!
Did the Messenger (peace be upon him) bequeath the caliphate to Ali?
July 5, 2010 at 8:05 pm | Posted in Defence of companions, Defence of sunnah, History | Leave a comment
Answered by shaykh bin Baz:
This saying is known to be claimed by only one Muslim sect, namely the Shi`ah (Shiites), and it is a baseless saying which has no origin in authentic hadiths of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him). There are however many proofs which maintain that the successor after the Prophet (peace be upon him) was to be Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq (may Allah be pleased with him). This was also maintained by all other Companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him). However, he (peace be upon him) did not explicitly recommend this or issue a conclusive recommendation on it. Yet, he gave orders that indicate it, such as when he ordered Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayer at the time he (peace be upon him) was sick. Besides, when the matter of succession was mentioned to him, he (peace be upon him) said: Allah and the Mu’minun (believers) deny anyone (be successor) except Abu BakrAnd for this reason, the Companions pledged allegiance to him (may Allah be pleased with him) after the death of the Prophet (peace be upon him), including `Aly (may Allah be pleased with him). They unanimously agreed that Abu Bakr was the best of them. It was authentically reported in the Hadith narrated by Ibn `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Companions (may Allah be pleased with them) used to say during the life of the Prophet (peace be upon him): The best of people in this Ummah (nation) after its Prophet is Abu Bakr, then `Umar, then `UthmanAnd the Prophet (peace be upon him) agreed to this. There are successive narrations from `Aly (may Allah be pleased with him) that he used to say: The best of people in this Ummah after its Prophet is Abu Bakr, then `Umar. He (may Allah be pleased with him) would also say, “No one would give me preference over them except that I would whip him”, and he never referred to himself as the best of the Ummah or that the Messenger (peace be upon him) recommended him for succession. In addition, he never claimed that the Companions (may Allah be pleased with them) wronged him or usurp his rights. On the other hand, upon the death of Fatimah (may Allah be pleased with her), he pledged allegiance to Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq a second time in confirmation of the first pledge, to show the people that he sided with the Muslim community and that he had no reluctance to pledging allegiance to Abu Bakr, (may Allah be pleased with them all). Then, when `Umar, being stabbed, left the issue of nomination of a successor to be decided through Shura (consultation) among six of the ten heaven-bound Companions, including `Aly (may Allah be pleased with him). The latter, however, did not disapprove of what was done by `Umar, neither during his life nor after his death. Furthermore, he never said that he was more worthy of it than them all. How then can anyone fabricate lies against the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) and say that “he recommended that `Aly be a successor to him. Even `Aly himself did not claim that for himself, nor did any of the Companions. Rather, they all agreed to the validity of having as successors Abu Bakr, `Umar and `Uthman. And this was acknowledged by `Aly (may Allah be pleased with him), who cooperated with them all in Jihad (fighting in the Cause of Allah) and Shura and other affairs. Then, the Muslims following the generation of the Companions unanimously agreed to what the Companions had acknowledged. It is therefore not permissible for any human or any sect, including the Shi`ah or anyone else to claim that `Aly was to be the successor or that succession before him was null and void. Likewise, it is not permissible for anyone to say that the Companions wronged `Aly and usurped his rights. Rather, this is of most glaring falsities, which implies mistrust towards the Companions of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him), including ‘Aly (may Allah be pleased with him, and with the rest of the Companions). Allah (Exalted be He) preserved this Ummah of Muhammad and protected it from collectively acknowledging anything wrong. In this regard, it was authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) mentioned in many Hadiths that: A group of people from my Ummah will remain steadfast, on the truth, victoriousTherefore, it is impossible for the best generation of the Ummah to unanimously agree to a falsehood, which is the succession of Abu Bakr, `Umar and `Uthman. This could not even be claimed by anyone who believes in Allah and the Day of Judgment, nor by anyone who has the slightest insight and knowledge about the rulings of Islam. We seek help from Allah; for, there is no might nor power except with Allah, the Most Great. This issue was extensively addressed by Shaykh-ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah in his book Minhaj As-Sunnah. Thus, if anyone wishes to know more about this issue should refer to this book, since it is a great and informative book that is worthy of being read for the great benefit of it. May Allah grant success. May Allah’s Peace be upon our Prophet, Muhammad, his family and his Companions.
(Quoted from Ibn Baz Fatwas Part No : 3,Page No:324-325)
Agreement of Ali with ijtihad of Umar and Uthman
June 29, 2010 at 3:26 pm | Posted in Defence of companions, Defence of sunnah | Leave a comment
Imam Moslem narrated in “Sahih” (Book 017, Number 4231):
Hudain b. al-Mundhir Abu Sasan reported: I saw that Walid was brought to Uthmin b. ‘Affan as he had prayed two rak’ahs of the dawn prayer, and then he said: I make an increase for you. And two men bore witness against him. One of them was Humran who said that he had drunk wine. The second one gave witness that he had seen him vomiting. Uthman said: He would not have vomited (wine) unless he had drunk it. He said: ‘Ali, stand up and lash him. ‘Ali said: Hasan, stand up and lash him. Thereupon Hasan said: Let him suffer the heat (of Caliphate) who has enjoyed its coolness. (‘Ali felt annoyed at this remark) and he said: ‘Abdullah b. Ja’far, stand up and flog him, and he began to flog him and ‘Ali counted the stripes until these were forty. He (Hadrat ‘Ali) said: Stop now, and then said: Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) gave forty stripes, and Abu Bakr also gave forty stripes, and Umar gave eighty stripes, and all these fall under the category of the Sunnab, but this one (forty stripes) is dearer to me.
Imam Abu Dawud as-Sijistane narrated in his “Sunnan” (Book 38, Number 4465):
Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:
Hudayn ibn al-Mundhir ar-Ruqashi, who was AbuSasan, said: I was present with Uthman ibn Affan when al-Walid ibn Uqbah was brought to him. Humran and another man bore witness against him (for drinking wine). One of them testified that he had seen him drinking wine, and the other testified that he had seen him vomiting it.
Uthman said: He could not vomit it, unless he did not drink it. He said to Ali: Inflict the prescribed punishment on him. Ali said to al-Hasan: Inflict the prescribed punishment on him.
Al-Hasan said: He who has enjoyed its pleasure should also bear its burden. So Ali said to Abdullah ibn Ja’far: Inflict the prescribed punishment on him. He took a whip and struck him with it while Ali was counting.
When he reached (struck) forty (lashes), he said: It is sufficient. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) gave forty lashes. I think he also said: “And Abu Bakr gave forty lashes, and Uthman eighty. This is all sunnah (standard practice). And this is dearer to me.”
And he also narrated (Book 38, Number 4466):
Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and AbuBakr gave forty lashes for drinking wine and Umar made it eighty. And all this is sunnah, the model and standard practice.
Both of hadith are sahih. (see “Sahih Sunnan Abu Dawud” by Albani 4480, 4481)
Imam Nawavi said:
“This narration is manifest proof that Ali (r.a) honoured the actions and commandments of Umar and Abu Bakr by acknowledging their actions as a Sunnah, contrary to the lies which the shias ascribe to him”.
(quoted from footnote at pages 90-91, from the book “Iqamil Hujjah ‘Ala Anna Ikthar Fil ta’abud Laysa Bi Bid’at” (in english) by imam Abul Hasanat Abdulhai al-Lucknawi, printed by al-Hamra publication).
The Fitnah between Ali RAA and The Muslims of Al Sham, Who took part in it?
June 22, 2010 at 3:26 pm | Posted in Defence of companions | Leave a comment
By brother TripolySunni
The Fitnah between Ali RAA and The Muslims of Al Sham, Who took part in it?
-عن أيوب السختياني ، عن محمد بن سيرين أنه قال : لما حدثت الفتنة كان عدد الصحابة عشرة آلاف ، لم يخف منهم أربعون رجلا. معمر بن راشد : الجامع ، ج 11ص: 357 واسنادها صحيح.
From Ayyub al Sikhtiyani from Muhammad bin Sirin that he said: When the fitnah happened the number of companions was ten thousand, Only forty men took part. Source: Mu’amar bin Rashed: Al Jami’i 11/357, Isnad is Sahih.
2-عن عبد الله بن أحمد بن حنبل ، عن أبيه ، عن اسماعيل-ابن علية- عن أيوب- السختياني- عن محمد بن سيرين ، أن قال : (( هاجت الفتنة و أصحاب رسول الله -صلى الله عليه و سلم- عشرة آلاف ، فما حضر فيها مائة ، بل لم يبلغوا ثلاثين )).الخلال : السنة ، ج2 ص: 466 .و احمد بن حنبل : العلل و معرفة الرجال ، ج3 ص: 182 .والاسناد صحيح.
From Abdullah bin Ahmad bin Hanbal from his father, from Ismail – ibn Aliyah – from Ayyub al Sikhtiyani from Muhammad bin Sirin that he said: the Fitnah raged and the companions of the messenger (sallalahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sallam) were ten thousand, So not even a hundred of them took part nor did they reach thirty. Source: Al Khalal: Al Sunnah 2/466. and Ahmad bin Hanbal: Al Ilal wa Ma’arifat al Rijal 3/182, The Isnad is Sahih.
According to this 99.70% of the companions of the prophet (sallalahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sallam) didn’t take part in he Fitnah between Ali RAA and the Province of al Sham.
A narration which describes the situation from the point of view of a normal muslim:
Abu al Aliyah Said: When the time of Ali and Muawiyah was upon us I was then young, I liked to fight more than eating delicious food. So i prepared myself well for battle and I went there(Battle field). I saw two long lines that extended infinity, If those make takbeer the others make takbeer, and if those cheer the others cheer, So I reconsidered my position and thought: Which of the two teams is a kaffir?
He said: So I went back and abandoned battle. Source: Siyar A’alam al nubala’a 4/209.
And this Abu al Aliyah is the one was the main reciter of Quran in Madinah (reading of Imam Nafi’i).
Allah said in Quran (49:9):
If two parties among the Believers fall into a quarrel, make ye peace between them: but if one of them transgresses beyond bounds against the other, then fight ye (all) against the one that transgresses until it complies with the command of Allah; But if it complies, then make peace between them with justice, and be fair: For Allah loves those who are fair (and just.)
(49:10) The Believers are but a single Brotherhood: So make peace and reconciliation between your two (contending) brothers; and fear God, that ye may receive Mercy.
It was al Hassan bin Ali (may Allah be pleased with them) who made peace finally between the two in the year of Jama’ah or year of unity… This was foretold by the Prophet (sallalahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sallam):
:من حديث أبي بكرة رضي الله عنه:
-قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم:”إن ابني هذا سيد ولعل الله أن يصلح به بين فئتين من المسلمين عظيمتين”.
Narrated By Abu Bakr al Sideeq (may Allah be pleased with him):The Prophet (sallalahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sallam) said: This Son( Al Hassan) of mine is a sayyed and maybe Allah will reconcile through him two great divisions of the muslims. Source: Sahih al bukhari 3/1328 #3430, Al Sunan al kubrah 1/531 # 1718, Musnad Ahmad 5/51 #20535 and others …
2-2:من حديث جابر رضي الله عنه:
- قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: إن ابني هذا سيد وليصلحن الله به بين فئتين من المسلمين يعني الحسن بن علي ..
Narrated by Jabir (may Allah be pleased with him):
Prophet Of Allah (sallalahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sallam) said: This son of mine is a sayyed and Allah will reconcile by him two teams of Muslims – meaning al Hassan bin Ali. Source: Al mu’ujam al Awsat 7/130 #7071 and 2/224 # 1810.
Also another similar hadith was narrated by Anas bin Malik RAA in al Sunan al Kubrah 6/72 # 10082.
How many of those who took part in the battle of Badr took part in this Fitnah during the battle of Jamal and Siffin?
عن الشعبي أنه قال : (( لم يشهد الجمل من أصحاب النبي عليه الصلاة و السلام غير علي ،و عمار ،و طلحة ،و الزبير ، فإن جاؤوا بخامس فأنا كذاب ))
From al Sha’aby that he said: “From the companions of the prophet (sallalahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sallam) those who witnessed al Jamal (Battle) were none other than Ali, Ammar, Talha, Zubair, Bring me a Fifth and prove that I am a Liar”. Isnad is sahih, the Source: Imam Ahmad’s al ilal Fi Ma’arifat al rijal 3/43, Musannaf ibn abi Shayba 7/538, Al Sunnah for al Khallal 2/467, Siyar A’alam al nubala’a 9/107.
عن الشعبي أنه قال : (( بالله الذي لا إله إلا هو ، ما نهض في ذلك الأمر إلا ستة بدريين، ما لهم من سابع ))
from Al Sha’aby that he said: “by Allah the one and only, in that affair only six of the Ahlu Badr took part with no seventh”. Source: Tareekh al tabari 3/6.
و من مظاهر الاعتزال الجماعي للفتنة ، أن علي بن أبي طالب رضي الله عنه عندما ندب أهل المدينة للخروج معه للقتال لم يوافقوه ،و أبوا الخروج معه ، فكلّم عبد الله بن عمر شخصيا للخروج معه ، فقال له : أنا رجل من المدينة . ثم كرر عليهم دعوته للسير معه عندما سمع بخروج أهل مكة إلى البصرة ، فتثاقل عنه أكثرهم ،و استجاب له ما بين : 4 الى7 من البدريين
When Ali bin Abi talib (may Allah be pleased with him) asked the people of Madinah to go out with him in battle they disagreed and refused, So he talked to Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with them) personally regarding this but Ibn Umar replied: “I am (but) a man of Madinah. Then he repeated this invitation when he heard that The people of Mecca left for al Basarah but most refused this and only around 4 to 7 from ahlu Badr accepted”. Source: Ibn Katheer Al bidayah wal nihayah 7/231.
Bukayr bin Abdullah bin al Ashja’a said: “Men from Ahlu Badr remained in their homes after the assassination of Uthman May Allah brighten his face, and they did not come out except to their graves”. Source: “Al uzlah wal infirad” by ibn Abi al Duniyah 18 #9, Minhaj al Sunnah 6/145.
قال الامام أبو بكر بن أبي شيبة رحمه الله:حَدَّثَنَا عُمَرُ بْنُ أَيُّوبَ الْمَوْصِلِيُّ ، عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ بُرْقَانَ ، عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ الأَصَمِّ ، قَالَ : سُئِلَ عَلِيٌّ عَنْ قَتْلَى يَوْمِ صِفِّينَ ، فَقَالَ : قَتْلاَنَا وَقَتْلاَهُمْ فِي الْجَنَّةِ ، وَيَصِيرُ الأَمْرُ إلَيَّ وَإِلَى مُعَاوِيَةَ
Al Imam Abu Bakr Bin Abi Shayba said: Umar bin Ayyoub al Mousili narrated from Ja’afar bin Burqan from Yazeed bin al Assam that he said: Ali was asked about the dead from the battle of Siffin so he answered: Our dead and their dead are in Heaven, and the matter will be between me and Muawiyah. Isnad is sahih, Al musannaf 15/302 #39035.
Ashraf Ali Thanwi: Our belief about sahabah
June 15, 2010 at 4:29 pm | Posted in Aqeedah and fiqh of ahle-sunnah explained, Defence of companions | Leave a comment
In his book “Bahishti zewar” chapter about faith, Ashraf Ali Thanwi (rahimuhullah) wrote:
Beliefs concerning the Sahabah (Companions)
1. Those Muslims who have seen our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and have died as Muslims, are known as Sahabah. Very great virtues have been mentioned with regard to them. We have to love and think good of all of them. If we hear of any dispute or conflict among them, we should regard it as a misunderstanding or a miscalculation. We should not speak any ill of them.
The greatest among them are four Companions: Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddiq radiallahu anhu. He took the place of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and supervised the matters of the Deen. He is therefore called the first Khalifah. He is the best person in the entire ummat. After him comes Hadrat Umar radiallahu anhu. He is the second Khalifah. After him is the third Khalifah, Hadrat Uthman radiallahu anhu. After him is the fourth Khalifah, Hadrat Ali radiallahu anhu.
The status of the Sahabah is so high that even the greatest of walis cannot reach a stage equal to the lowest Sahabi.
All the children and wives of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam are worthy of respect. Among his children, Hadrat Fatima radiallahu anha has the highest status. Among his wives, Hadrat Khadija and Hadrat Aisha radiallahu anhuma have the highest status.
Ibn Qayum on ahadeth fi dhamm Muawiya, Amr and others
June 14, 2010 at 12:36 am | Posted in Defence of companions, Exposing shia lies, Hadith analysis | 1 Comment
Below you would see scans from book “Manar al muneef fi sahih wa dhaif” by ibn Qayum al-Jawziyah.
1-st quote: “And from that: Narrations with criticism of Muawiya, all narrations in his criticism are lie”.
Sheikh was talking about narrations elevated till prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam).
2-nd quote: “and all narration with criticism of Amr ibn al-As are lie. And all narrations with criticism of banu Umeyah are lie”.
3-d quote: “and all narrations with criticism of Yazeed are lie, in the same way all narrations with criticism of Waleed and Marwan ibn al-Hakam”.
Refutation: Asma did mutah?
June 6, 2010 at 1:30 am | Posted in Defence of companions, Refuting shia doubts | Leave a comment
I seen many times when shia accused sahabe Asma bintu Abu Bakr, that she commited mutah.
As a proof they are giving narration from “Musnad” of Taylase.