Al (scarface) capone



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AL (SCARFACE) CAPONEhttp://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:and9gcsw2etv9qbnkkbo19s_-pt_t96ukrjrbuj-ajmvwiwpnwhmxpaqla:www.chicagohs.org/history/capone/gif/capnemug.jpg

Background:

  • His parents were from Naples. Al was born in Brooklyn on January 17, 1899.

  • Alphonse Gabriel Capone.

  • After working his way up through a few 'kiddie' and teen gangs during school, Capone soon became a member of the dangerous and notorious adult gang- Five Points Gang.

  • Frank Gallucio gave him his famous scar on his face.

  • Capone had been Jonny Torrio's underboss for several years. When Torrio retired in 1925, the job was given to Capone.

  • On December 30, 1918, Capone married Mae Josephine Coughlin, who was Irish Catholic and who, earlier that month, had given birth to their first son, Albert Francis ("Sonny") Capone. As Capone was under the age of 21, his parents had to consent to the marriage in writing.

  • Capone lived in Chicago from 1919-1932.

  • Capone was worth $100,000,000 in 1927.

  • Died January 25, 1947 (aged 48) Palm Island, Florida, United States

Crime:

  • Capone's first arrest was on a disorderly conduct charge while he was working for Yale.

  • Capone controlled speakeasies, bookie joints, gambling houses, brothels, horse and race tracks, nightclubs, distilleries and breweries.

  • A typical Capone murder consisted of men renting an apartment across the street from the victim's residence and gunning him down when he stepped outside. The operations were quick and complete and Capone always had an alibi.

  • Capone's most notorious killing was the St. Valentine's Day Massacre. On February 14, 1929, four Capone men entered a garage at 2122 N. Clark Street. The building was the main liquor headquarters of bootlegger George "Bugs" Moran's North Side gang. Because two of Capone's men were dressed as police, the seven men in the garage thought it was a police raid. As a result, they dropped their guns and put their hands against the wall. Using two shotguns and two machine guns, the Capone men fired more than 150 bullets into the victims. Six of the seven killed were members of Moran's gang; the seventh was an unlucky friend.

    • Moran, probably the real target, was across the street when Capone's men arrived and stayed away when he saw the police uniforms. As usual, Capone had an alibi; he was in Florida during the massacre.

  • Although Capone ordered dozens of deaths and even killed with his own hands, he often treated people fairly and generously.

  • Because of gangland's traditional refusal to prosecute, Capone was never tried for most of his crimes.

  • He was arrested in 1926 for killing three people, but spent only one night in jail because there was insufficient evidence to connect him with the murders.

  • When Capone finally served his first prison time in May of 1929, it was simply for carrying a gun.

  • In 1930, at the peak of his power, Capone headed Chicago's new list of the twenty-eight worst criminals and became the city's "Public Enemy Number One."

  • The government wanted to indict Capone for income tax evasion, Capone never filed an income tax return, owned nothing in his own name, and never made a declaration of assets or income.

    • He did all his business through front men so that he was anonymous when it came to income.

  • Frank Wilson (IRS) accidentally found a cash receipts ledger that not only showed the operation's net profits for a gambling house, but also contained Capone's name; it was a record of Capone's income.

    • Later Capone's own tax lawyer Lawrence P. Mattingly admitted in a letter to the government that Capone had an income.

  • Wilson's ledger, Mattingly's letter, and the coercion of witnesses were the main evidence used to convict Capone.

  • In 1931, Capone was indicted for income tax evasion for the years 1925-29.

  • He was also charged with the misdemeanor of failing to file tax returns for the years 1928 and 1929.

  • A third indictment was added, charging Capone with conspiracy to violate Prohibition laws from 1922-31.

  • The jury found Capone not guilty on eighteen of the twenty-three counts.

  • Capone had to serve an earlier six-month contempt of court sentence for failing to appear in court.

    • The fines were a cumulative $50,000 and Capone had to pay the prosecution costs of $7,692.29.

  • He was sent to Alcatraz.

    • He couldn’t communicate with anyone in the gang.

  • While at Alcatraz, he exhibited signs of syphilitic dementia. Capone spent the rest of his felony sentence in the hospital.

  • He was finally released on November 16, 1939, but still had to pay fines and court costs of $37,617.51.

“You can go a long way with a smile. You can go a lot farther with a smile and a gun.”

“Virgin territory for whorehouses.”

“Yes! There is violence in Chicago. But not by me, and not by anybody who works for me, and I'll tell you why because it's bad for business.”

“I have built my organization upon fear.”

I think that differential-association explains Al Capone perfectly. I think this simply because he was brought up in gangs. He was involved his whole life, except after his prison sentence. He was very talented in being the leader of his gang in Chicago even though he had many people trying to catch him, kill him, and arrest him. Once he learned what he was doing and everything that goes with being a gang leader, no one was going to dethrone him. Also, Al taught everyone in the gangs how to do everything and to be good at it.

I also think that labeling theory explains him very well. I think this because of how he was labeled as a gang member, then gang leader. He resembled the gang he was in and what it took to be different and be the most powerful. Al and his gang were labeled as the ones who killed the rival gangs and ran their own breweries. He was the furthest thing from the norm even though he gave everyone the same respect level. However, if you didn’t deserve respect then you never got it from him because that’s how he was labeled.



I think that he should be rehabilitated with just a prison sentence like he was given. The only people he ever killed were rival gang members. Those people chose to be in those gangs so it wasn’t his fault that they were killed. All the money he earned was illegal, but he knew it and so it was only fair that he served time for all that time. After all his crime, and all the prison time he did, I think it was all justified.


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