Ais 102 American Indians and the U. S. Political System Fall 2004

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Antiquities Act


some protection of archaeological resources for arch. science

National Historical Preservation Act (NHPA)


consultation with Native Americans and public in reference to national registry sites

National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)


natural and cultural resource assessments

Archaeological Resource Protection Act (ARPA)


consultation and confidentiality about arch. resources that requires federal permit

American Indian Religious Freedom Act (ARFA)


not well enforced, esp. in courts

Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA)


consultation and repatriation with Native Americans in reference to human remains,funeral objects, and sacred objects in public agency control

The legislation referred to as NAGPRA has had the most sweeping effects and set into motion a process that requires public institutions to report their holdings of human remains, grave goods, and other sacred objects. Native Americans have gotten some resolution to the recovery of human remains and objects that hold religious or sacred import. Unfortunately, some anthropologists and some Native Americans use such legislation as a pure political tool and do not seem to be willing to communicate or empathize with differing points of view. Some Native American groups have sincere traditional beliefs and some scientists sincerely seek knowledge and scientific inquiry. Also, this legislation is not a means to recovering all valuable art and cultural resources as some opponents claim. Native American cultures have different beliefs about human remains, mortuary customs and sacred objects. Some Native American groups, nations, and communities have and continue to work cooperatively with anthropologists in studying their past.
Green Corn Dance



Kumeyaay Cultural Resource Committee
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