Ais 102 American Indians and the U. S. Political System Fall 2004

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Sandmat: Sandmat or Yerba Golondrina, Chamaeayce polycarpa (Euphorbiaceae) was used to make a poultice for rattlesnake bites.

Currant: Both white flowering currant, Ribes indecorum and chaparral currant, R.malvaceum (Grossulariaceae) were used for toothaches.

Poppy: The Ca. poppy flowers, Eschscholzia californica ( Papaveraceae) were chewed with chewing gum which was originally made from the woolypod milkweed, Asclepias eriocarpa (Asclepiadaceae) (pa'atamkat) sap.

Soap Plant: The soap plant or amole, Chlorogalum pomeridianum (Liliaceae) was a common lily that has a bulb that produced saponin that served as an excellent soap or shampoo. This bulb also can be chopped up and thrown into ponds or streams to stupefy fish; and the neurotoxin does not harm the flesh of the fish. The hairs surrounding the underground bulb were also used to make a variety of brushes.

Goosefoot: The Ca. goosefoot's, Chenopodium californicum (Chenopodiaceae) roots were ground up to produce a soap.

Wild gourd: The wild gourd or coyote melon, Cucurbita foetidissima (Cucurbitaceae) fruit was used to clean various utility items.

Recorded, but unknown medical use: Tauschia arguta, southern umbrellawort Apiaceae); Turricula parryi, common turricula (Hydrophallaceae); Ericameria parishii, Parish goldenweed (Asteraceae). Listed, but no synonym in Cal. Flora: Houttuynia californica; Deweya arguta; Bigelovia parishii; Artemisia heterophylla (Sparkman 1908; Kroeber 1925).

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