Ais 102 American Indians and the U. S. Political System Fall 2004

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Baccharis:Baccharis douglasii, saltmarsh baccharis, (Asteraceae) (morwaxpic) was used as an infusion made by boiling the entire plant to irrigate sores.

Yerba Mansa: The bark around the roots of Yerba Mansa, Anemopsis californica (Saururaceae) was used as a wash for various external sores, ulcers, and small wounds.

Leatherroot: Large leatherroot, Hoita macrostchya (Fabaceeae) was used by pulverizing the root for a topical salve or poultice.

Fern: The giant chain fern, Woodwardia fimbriata (Blechnaceae) was used as a wound pack or poultice, often in combination with spider web to act as a blood coagulant. Pellaea mucronata, bird'sfoot fern (Pteridaceae) was used in the same way.

Oak gall: Insect larvae construct round galls on the branches of scrub oaks, Quercus dumosa (Fagaceae). These galls are dried and ground up to concoct an infusion for sores or small cuts.

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