Leatherroot: Large leatherroot, Hoita macrostchya (Fabaceeae) was used by pulverizing the root for a topical salve or poultice.
Fern: The giant chain fern, Woodwardia fimbriata (Blechnaceae) was used as a wound pack or poultice, often in combination with spider web to act as a blood coagulant. Pellaea mucronata, bird'sfoot fern (Pteridaceae) was used in the same way.
Oak gall: Insect larvae construct round galls on the branches of scrub oaks, Quercus dumosa (Fagaceae). These galls are dried and ground up to concoct an infusion for sores or small cuts.