Ais 102 American Indians and the U. S. Political System Fall 2004



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Holly-Leaf cherry: Prunus ilicifolia (Rosaceae)

California Goosefoot: Chenopodium californicum, goosefoot or pigweed (Chenopodiaceae). C.album, Lamb's Quarter, is common in recent times, but is introduced.

Grass: Bromus carinatus, California brome (Poaceae) is one of many native and non-native grasses whose seeds were used. Panicum urvilleanum is one species of panic grass used, but has been replaced by numerous old world grasses during the Mission/Rancho Periods with the introduction of domestic livestock.

Redmaids: Calandrina ciliata, redmaids (Portulacaceae). Also used were C. breweri, Brewer's redmaids and C. maritima, seaside pussy paws, which is very rare, today.

Mugwort:Artemisia douglasiana, Ca. mugwort (Asteraceae) (pa'aku) and A.dracunculus, wormwood seeds were harvested and used as food.

Cactus: Opuntia littoralis, coast prickly pear (Cactaceae) is the native, seeds also taken from the South America cactus introduced Opuntia ficus-indica, Indian fig or tuna cactus. These two cactus species will hybrid and cause some confusion.

Clover: Trifolium ciliolatum, foothill clover (Fabaceae). T. willdenovii, tomcat clover.

Peppergrass: Lepidium nitidum, common or shinning peppergrass (Brassicaceae).

Melon: Cucurbita foetidissma, coyote melon or calabazilla (Cucurbitaceae). The melons are rather small and bitter, but the seeds were dried and roasted.

Daisy: Layia glandulosa, white daisy tidytips (Asteraceae)

Dandelion: Malacothrix californica, California dandelion (Astercaceae)

Gilia: Gilia angelensis, chaparral or blue gilia (Polemoniaceae). G. capitata ssp. staminea, bluehead or globe gilia.



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