Andrew Jackson won both the popular and electoral votes but not by a majority. Therefore, the House of Representatives had to decide who the next president would be from the top three candidates.
Why was the election of 1824 called the corrupt bargain? Jackson won both the popular and electoral votes but not by a 51% majority. The vote went to the House of Representatives per the U.S. Constitution. Henry Clay was in fourth place and only the top three went to the House. It was said that Clay, Speaker of the House, made a deal with John Quincy Adams to ensure Adams became president. In return, Adams would make Clay his Secretary of State.
The 6th President of the United States was John Quincy Adams.
Henry Clay was appointed his Secretary of State.
National Republicans were later known as the Whig party.
Election of 1828
The 7th President of the United States was Andrew Jackson.
Why did three times as many people vote in the presidential election of 1828 as voted in 1824? Voting laws changed. Craft workers and shop keepers had won suffrage. Frontier states were voting as well.
Why would the common man vote for Jackson and not Adams? Adams was educated and upper class. Andrew Jackson was from the frontier and appeared to be one of them.
Caucus is a private meeting (a closed political meeting).
The practice of giving jobs to loyal supporters is called the Spoils System.
President Andrew Jackson gave government jobs to people who were loyal to him/supported him.
Bank of the United States and the Tariff of 1828/1832
Pet Banks were referred to as state banks that federal money was put into because Andrew Jackson didn’t want all of the federal money in on National Bank.
Quote: In the early 1800s, as industry in the North expanded, it looked toward southern markets, rich with cash from the lucrative agricultural business, to buy the North’s manufactured goods. However, it was often cheaper for the South to purchase the goods abroad. In order to provide protection for northern industries, the Jackson administration placed a tariff on many of the imported goods that could be manufactured in the North.
Andrew Jackson- feared that both the federal government and the Supreme Court are too powerful – defended states’ rights, especially the right to hold slaves – favored the removal of all Native Americans from lands east of the Mississippi River.
What viewpoint did Andrew Jackson hold on the issue of a national bank during the presidential campaign of 1828? Jackson believed the bank was unconstitutional.
Why did manufacturers in the United States welcome the 1828 tariff on manufactured goods from Europe? The tariff made European goods more expensive, and American consumers were morel ikely to buy American-made goods.
The Nullification Crisis was triggered by strong opposition to the Tariff of Abomination. An abomination is something that is hated. (nullify = to cancel)
Explain the Nullification Crisis: ___________________________________________________
Native Americans were hurt the most by Jackson’s removal policy.
In 1832 Chief Justice John Marshall ordered state officials to honor Cherokee property rights. President Jackson refused to support the decision. “Marshall has made his decision, now let him enforce it!” – from G.B. Tindall, America: A Narrative History.
The Women’s Rights’ movement first began Seneca Falls, NY in 1848 with the idea of getting more rights for women in voting, participation in government, ownership of property, and jobs.
Women finally won the right to vote with the 19th amendment in 1920.
Election of 1836
The 8th President of the United States was Martin van Buren.
Panic of 1837
This led to a depression.
Election of 1840
William Henry Harrison was known as Tippecanoe after his defeat of the Native Americans there.
Why wouldn’t people have known during this time that Harrison wasn’t what he was portraying?