African Societies and Islam Study Guide



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African Societies and Islam Study Guide


  1. List the FIVE Pillars of Islam. Prayer (5 times a day), Belief in one God (Allah), Pilgrimage to Mecca, Alms (giving charity to the poor), Fasting during Ramadan

  2. Who was Mohammad? The founder/prophet of the Islam faith

  3. Mohammad built on the religious traditions of the Arabian Peninsula

  4. List the TWO major differences between Sunni and Shite Muslims. Sunni believed that the caliph did not have to be a relative of Muhammad. Shite believed that the caliph should be a relative of Muhammad

  5. The Golden Age of Muslim culture had achievements in what areas? Science and math

  6. What field of study did Muslim scholar Ibn Sina make advancements in? medicine

  7. What field of study did Muslim scholar Ibn Butta make advancements in? geography



  1. Routes shown on the map above illustrate what? Bantu migration

  2. Between 500 B.C. and A.D. 1500, the migration of the Bantu people of Africa led to the diffusion of what? languages and metal working skills

  3. List ONE cause for the Bantu Migration. Population increases put pressure on agriculture

  4. List THREE effects of the Bantu migration. Sixty million people now speak a Bantu language, Trading cities developed along the coast of East Africa, Techniques for herding and agriculture were spread

  5. What major physical feature affects the African subcontinent and its’ people? Sahara Desert

  6. The THREE major Empires (Kingdoms) in Africa were Mal, Songhai, and Ghana.

  7. Ancient African kingdoms such as Ghana, Mali and Songhai were able to become powerful kingdoms because they were all located near what? on major trading routes

  8. The ancient kingdoms in western Africa (Ghana, Mali, and Songhai) prospered because they traded what items? gold, ivory, and salt

  9. Mansa Musa’s the leader of the Mali empire journey to Mecca in the 1300’s is evidence of what? Islam had a major influence on the Mali Empire

  10. What major land route allowed for trading between Africa north and south of the Sahara? trans-Saharan

  11. List THREE facts that demonstrates how the ancient trans-Saharan trade affected Africa? Many of the West African traders converted to Islam, bringing the religion to the African interior, Traders from various locations developed a universal language in order to communicate, Islamic law never fully replaced the legal traditions already in place in most of West Africa

  12. What is significant about the Dome of Rock and the Ka’aba? Architectural accomplishments that reflect Islamic faith

  13. One main reason for Muslim conquest was what? Use of gun powder



  1. Muslim scholars borrowed science, medical, and philosophy ideas from earlier scholars from where? Earlier Greek, Persian, and Syrian scholars.



  1. Define Islam.




  1. Define Muslim




  1. Define ghazi.




  1. Define jihad.




  1. Define hijra.




  1. Define prophet.




  1. List all the continents that were once part of the Muslim empire. Europe, Asia, and Africa




  1. Holiest city for Muslims is Mecca




  1. How did Muslim culture spread? Through trade




  1. Toward which city do Muslims pray? Mecca



  • Be able to Compare and contrast Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

  • Know the following facts about TWO of the following Empires (Ottomans, Safavids, Mughals)

    • Location of empire (be specific)

    • One important leader for that empire and the leader’s accomplishment

    • One accomplishment of the empire

    • How empire came to an end



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