African Peer Review Mechanism (aprm): Problems And Prospects of a Regional Governance Monitor



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African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM):

Problems And Prospects of a Regional Governance Monitor
*OKE EPIA
1. INTRODUCTION
The crisis of underdevelopment plaguing Africa has elicited many a development blueprint most of which are imposed on the continent from outside. But the failure which accompanied most if not all of these prescriptions necessitated the need to look inwards and discover an internal solution to largely an internally imposed problem.

This is where the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) comes in. As an African solution to an African malaise, NEPAD is perceived as the development blueprint that will rescue the continent out of the woods. It is therefore understandable the level of interest that the blueprint and its associated components has generated. Perhaps, the most significant of these components is the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) which is like the yardstick with which the success or otherwise of NEPAD would be gauged and judged.

This paper examines therefore, the APRM framework with regard to its structures, processes and methodology, as well as its chances and limitations of success. It will also seek to proffer some recommendations as suggestions to policy makers, leaders and other concerned stakeholders in the light of whatever short-comings that may be identified.

The APRM is a self-monitoring mechanism acceded to voluntarily and established with the aim of fostering the adoption of policies, standards and practices that engender and promote good governance, political stability, economic growth, sustainable development and an accelerated regional integration within the African continent to enable it take due advantage of a globalizing world.

This paper argues that if implemented faithfully with minimal draw-backs, the APRM portends a good opportunity for Africa to instill confidence in its foreign development partners which have agreed to allow the continent to take the driving seat with the NEPAD idea. The problem of implementation is identified as the fundamental hitch in the way of the mechanism even though other obstacles stand in the way of an appropriate and satisfactory peer review process within the African context.

This paper employs a multi-disciplinary approach in addressing the topic including globalization theory, bureaucracy theory, political-economy, and international relations. It explains the mandate, guiding principles and objectives of the APRM; the various stages of the review process; the structure and modalities for the review, the benefits and constraints of the mechanism. The prospects and problems of the APRM will also receive attention.



2. THE APRM: OBJECTIVES AND STRUCTURES OF A REVIEW PROCESS
2.1

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