Advanced Placement United States History Test: The West, Populism, New South

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Advanced Placement United States History

Test: The West, Populism, New South
1. Of the following" which was the most important cause of agrarian discontent in the United States in the last quarter of the 19th century?

a) the end of free homesteads

b) the end of Republican party efforts to woo the farm vote

c) the exhaustion of the soil by poor farming methods

d) the feeling that the railroads were exploiting the farmers

e) the increase in the number of immigrants

2. Which of the following was a consequence of the shift to sharecropping in the late 19th century South?

a) a major redistribution of land ownership

b) a diversification of crops

c) a cycle of debt and depression for Southern tenant farmers

d) a rise in cotton yields per acre from antebellum production yields

e) the termination of the control exerted by white landowners over former slaves

3. In the late 19th century farmers sought federal relief from distress caused by:

a) low tariffs

b) natural disasters

c) inflationary monetary policies

d) excise taxes on agricultural products

e) discriminatory freight rates

4. Helen Hunt Jackson's A Century of Dishonor was significant because it aroused public awareness of the:

a) injustice of having taken land from Mexico in the Southwest

b) need for reforms in federal land policy

c) wrongs that the federal government had inflicted on American Indians

d) hardships and prejudice endured by Chinese laborers

e) plight of sharecroppers in the Deep South

5. The intent of the Dawes Act of 1887 was to:

a) assimilate American Indians into the mainstream of American culture

b) recognize and preserve the tribal cultures of American Indians

c) legally establish the communal nature of American Indian landholding

d) restore to American Indians land seized unjustly

e) remove all American Indians to the Indian Territory in Oklahoma

6. Farmers moving to the frontier between 1870 and 1900 faced all of the following problems except:

a) the high cost of land

b) poor fencing materials

c) shortages of water

d) loss of crops to grasshoppers

e) boundary disputes

7. All of the following contributed to the destruction of the bison on the Plains except:

a) the Indian Wars

b) the popularity of buffalo robes

c) the construction of railroads to the Pacific

d) the hunting of buffalo for trophies

e) the use of bison to feed laborers and hunters

8. The Homestead Act and the Oklahoma Land Rush led to the:

a) Bland-Allison Act

b) last of the Indians being placed on reservations

c) closing of the frontier

d) discovery of the Comstock Lode in Nevada

e) increase of western land prices

9. Farmers in the late 19th century experienced conflicts with all of the following groups except:

a) railroad companies

b) miners

c) Indians

d) Populists

e) cattle ranchers

10. One result of the formation of cooperatives was that farmers:

a) could buy machinery more cheaply

b) did not have to put their money in banks

c) could no longer operate independently

d) could withhold their products from the market until they got the selling price they wanted

e) had less control over their fate

11. All of the following were leading Southern industries by the beginning of the 20ft century except:

a) gold and silver mining

b) tobacco

c) steel

d) oil

e) lumber

12. The dramatic increase in farm production in the late 1800's was primarily due to:

a) the large number of immigrants moving West and the growth of mining towns

b) the variety and quantity of crops grown

c) improvements in farm machinery, expansion of railroads, and the growth of cities

d) the power of the granges and the success of money pools

e) government support to improve the situation for farmers

13. The Populist reform which allows citizens to vote directly on issues placed on ballots is:

a) initiative

b) secret ballot

c) referendum

d) recall

e) direct election

14. Joseph Glidden contributed greatly to the cattle industry by:

a) shipping cattle back east by using the railroads

b) selling cattle to Indians forced onto reservations

c) inventing barbed wire

d) discovering a method of preserving meat

e) arranging government subsidies paid directly to his business

15. The primary purpose of the Ghost Dance was to:

a) summon spirits to bring rain to the Plains

b) relieve the burden on the elderly citizens of Plains' tribes

c) protect Plains children from the hardships that nature could bring

d) provide a return to the days before the white man came west and the Indian Wars occurred

e) bring victory to the Dakota tribes at the battle of Wounded Knee

16. Henry W. Grady's vision for the South in the late 19th century was:

a) for the South to industrialize to keep pace with the rest of the country

b) for the South to remain agricultural and to continue the wishes of Jefferson

c) for the South to attempt secession during Grant's administration

d) for the South to restore slavery through new Constitutional amendments

e) for racial and political unity

17. In the 1890's, many Americans came to view farmers as:

a) politically strong and socially prominent

b) the "backbone" of the nation

c) a small but powerful interest group

d) a mockery and subject of ridicule

e) a threat to railroad construction

18. James Duke revolutionized the tobacco industry by:

a) claiming that the use of tobacco was a healthy activity

b) marketing his product to the wealthy

c) changing the image of cigarette smoking in America

d) introducing the concept of hand-rolled cigarettes

e) setting up partnerships with other tobacco corporations

19. Mary Elizabeth Lease and Jerry Simpson offered solutions to the problem of:

a) railroad corruption

b) violence resulting from labor disputes

c) overproduction and waste of agricultural products

d) over-speculation in state banks financing industrial development

0 the monopolistic tendencies of the steel and oil industries

20. Which of the following was a goal of the Populist movement?

a) free coinage of silver

b) reform of child labor laws

c) using modern science to solve social problems

d) eliminating the electoral college as a means of choosing the President

e) national legislation outlawing racial discrimination

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