Advanced Placement Human Geography Name

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Advanced Placement Human Geography Name_______________________________

Chapter 10 Agriculture Block_________

  1. What is the basic difference between agriculture in MDCs vs. in LDCs?

  1. What % of the people in the world are farmers?___In the U.S.?____

  1. What questions about agriculture do geographers ask?

  1. What kinds of cultural factors influence agriculture?

  1. What kinds of physical geography concerns must farmers deal with?

  1. How does “globalization” affect agriculture today?

  1. What is the actual definition of agriculture?

  1. What is a “crop”?

  1. How did humans get food before agriculture?

  1. Who and Where do people exist on hunting and gathering today?

  1. What major advantage did agriculture allow people to do?

  1. What is the difference between “vegetative planting” and “seed agriculture”?

  1. Where did “vegetative planting” first take place and what plants were harvested?

  1. Where were animals first domesticated and what animals were first domesticated?

  1. What is an ‘agricultural hearth”?

  1. According to Carl Sauer what were the first 3 seed agricultural hearths and what were the first two grains harvested?

  1. What region was first to integrate seed agriculture and produce animal products?

  1. What 2 agricultural hearths originated in the Western Hemisphere and what crops were raised?

  1. What is the difference between “subsistence agriculture” and “commercial agriculture”?

  1. Name the 5 principles that distinguish commercial from subsistence agriculture?

  1. What roles do large corporations play in commercial farming?

  1. Why did the number of farmers decline so much in the 20th Century?

  2. How does GPS help farmers?

  1. Why are farms so large in the U.S. today?

  1. How has GIS helped agriculture in Maryland?

  1. What is the major reason why the amount of farmland has decreased since 1990?

  1. What is “agribusiness”?

  1. List the 11 main agricultural regions in the world and name 1 country in each region.(see world map in text)

  1. How might “culture” affect agriculture?

  1. Name and explain the 2 major characteristics of “Shifting Cultivation”.

  1. What is “Slash-and-Burn” agriculture?

  1. What is “Swidden” and what are its limits?

  1. Name 5 crops of shifting cultivation.

  1. Name 3 reasons why shifting cultivation is declining.

  1. Why is shifting agriculture environmentally sound?

  1. What kinds of products are obtained through “pastoral nomadism”?

  1. What is “transhumance” and where is it practiced?

  1. Why is pastoral nomadism declining today?

  1. What is meant by “Intensive Subsistence Agriculture”?

  1. Name 2 regions where intensive subsistence agriculture.

  1. What is “wet rice” and name 2 regions where it is grown?

  1. What is the most common form of commercial agriculture in the U.S.?

  1. What types of crops and livestock are raised on a mixed crop and livestock farm?

  1. Name 2 advantages of a mixed crop and livestock farm.

  1. Name 4 “cereal grains”.

  1. Describe the “four-field” system.

  1. Why have soybeans become a very important crop in the U.S.?

  1. Where and why are dairy farms so important in the U.S.?

  1. Name and describe 2 problems dairy farmers face today.

  1. How are grain farms different from “mixed farms”?

  1. Why is wheat the most important grain in the U. S.?

  1. What is the difference between “winter wheat” and “spring wheat”?

  1. What was the “reaper”?

  1. What 3 functions do “combines” perform?

  1. What continent produces ½ the world’s wheat?(name the 2 countries)

  1. Define “Ranching”

  1. Why was it more profitable to drive cattle to Chicago than other areas of the U.S.?

  1. What are the 3 most commonly found animals on ranches throughout the world?

  1. Name 2 ways cattle raising and feeding has changed since WWII.

  1. What invention in the late 1800s allowed countries like Argentine and Australia become large cattle raising countries?

  1. Why is “Mediterranean Agriculture” so different?

  1. What types of crops are examples of “Horticulture”?

  1. Why is California so important to U.S. agriculture?

  1. What constitutes “truck farming”?

  1. Where is most “Plantation Farming” carried out in the world? What crops are grown?

  1. Why was cotton an important plantation crop in the 1800s in the U.S.?

  1. Name 2 economic factors the choice of crops you grow.

  1. According to Von Thunen what two costs does the commercial farmer take into consideration in choosing to crops to produce?

  1. What 3 factors did von Thunen fail to take into consideration.

  1. Name 2 disadvantages of “subsidies”.

  1. Name 2 characteristics of “sustainable agriculture”

  1. Name two reasons “ridge tillage” is attractive?

  1. Describe Boserup’s thesis and the effect of population on farming?

74. What is desertification and where is it occurring?

75. Name the two most important contributions of the “Green Revolution”?

76. What continent did the Green Revolution not affect?

77. Why did Norman Borlaug win the Nobel Peace Prize in 1970?

78. What are the 3rd and 4th alternatives for increasing the world’s food supply?

79. What region in Africa is a major problem today in regards to food supply?
80. How have government policies aggravated the food-shortage crisis?

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