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Forced ‘passportization’
Abkhaz separatists have further intensified the policy of forcing ethnic Georgians to give up Georgian nationality and acquire Russian passports. "To have a huge district populated with non-citizens, that's a problem," said de facto Deputy Foreign Minister Maxim Gunjia. "It is in our interest that they become citizens" of Abkhazia.30
Kodori Gorge of Upper Abkhazia
The Civil Registry Agency at the Ministry of Justice of Georgia has registered 1925 IDPs from Kodori Gorge of Upper Abkhazia who were forced to flee as a result of Russian attacks on the region. The whole population is still denied their right to return and remain in a total limbo. The Russian forces and separatist armed units have destroyed most of the administrative buildings and the houses of ethnic Georgians.


1 http://hrw.org/english/docs/2008/08/13/georgi19607.htm

2 Photos, Human Rights Watch. http://www.hrw.org/photos/2008/georgia_galleries/

3 http://unosat.web.cern.ch/unosat/

4Interview with the South Ossetian Separatist leader Eduard Kokoity with Russdian newspaper “Komersant” from 15.08.08; No144, and Interview with the Speaker of South Ossetia Separatist parliament Znaur Gasiev with newspaper “Komsomolskaia Pravda” from 22.08.08. http://www.kommersant.ru/doc.aspx?fromsearch=ef093ba1-b275-41da-8576-5d73596075da&docsid=1011783 and http://kp.ru/daily/24150/366813

5 http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/aug/14/georgia.russia1

6 Human Rights Watch, ‘Georgian Villages in South Ossetia Burnt, Looted’, 13 August 2008.

7 Human Rights Watch, ‘EU: Protect Civilians in Gori District, Security of Civilians Should Be Central to Summit Discussions on Russia’, 28 August 2008.

8 UNHCR, ‘Reports of lawlessness creating new forcible displacement in Georgia’, 26 August 2008.

9 Ibid. UNHCR, ‘Reports of lawlessness creating new forcible displacement in Georgia’, 26 August 2008.

10 BBC News, ‘South Ossetia emptied of Georgians’, 25 August 2008.

11 Ibid. BBC News, ‘South Ossetia emptied of Georgians’, 25 August 2008.

12 Republic of South Ossetia New Agency, press conference conducted in the International Press Centre of Tskhinvali, 26 August 2008.

13 The Economist, ‘A Caucasian journal’, 22 August 2008.

14 See REUTERS, “Looting, fires rage in South Ossetia: rights groups”, Thu Sep 11, 2008.

15 See, REUTERS, “Georgian police officer shot dead near rebel region ”, Sun Sep 21, 2008.

16 Amnesty International, ‘Continuing Concern for Civilians After Hostilities in Georgia’, 22 August 2006.

17 See AP, “Georgian claims he was beaten in ethnic attack”, September 14, 2008.

18 UNHCR, ‘Reports of lawlessness creating new forcible displacement in Georgia’, 26 August 2008.

19 UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Mission Report - Humanitarian Assessment Mission to South Ossetia, 16-20 September, 2008, par. 5.10.


20 Human Rights Watch, “Georgia: EU Mission Needs to Protect Civilians”, September 16, 2008. Available at: http://hrw.org/english/docs/2008/09/16/georgi19821.htm


21 Human Rights Watch, EU Prioritize the Protection of Civilians, October 10, 2008. Available at: http://www.hrw.org/en/news/2008/10/10/eu-prioritize-protection-civilians

22 Special Press Release of Human Rights Centre “Memorial” and Demos Centre, Humanitarian consequences of the armed conflict in the South Caucasus, par. 10. Available at: http://www.memo.ru/2008/11/05/0511081.htm

23 EU Monitoring Mission in Georgia, EUMM Concerned About the Situation in Perevi (Press Release), November 8, 2008. Available at: http://consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cmsUpload/081108-Perevi.pdf


24 EU Monitoring Mission in Georgia, Russian Units Return to Perevi Checkpoint, (Press Release), November 16, 2008. Available at: http://consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cmsUpload/161108%20Russians%20return%20to%20Perevi.pdf


25 Special Press Release of Human Rights Centre “Memorial” and Demos Centre, Humanitarian consequences of the armed conflict in the South Caucasus, par. 12. Available at: http://www.memo.ru/2008/11/05/0511081.htm

26 Special Press Release of Human Rights Centre “Memorial” and Demos Centre, Humanitarian consequences of the armed conflict in the South Caucasus, para. 12. Available at: http://www.memo.ru/2008/11/05/0511081.htm

27 Human Rights Information and Documentation Center, “Ethnic Ossetian Head of Akhalgori Police Department Supports Abuse against Georgians”. Available at:

http://www.humanrights.ge/index.php?a=news&id=5292&lang=en

28 Human Rights Watch, Russia: Protect Civilians in Occupied Georgia, Fear of Ethnic Violence, Isolation in South Ossetian District, November, 25, 2008. Available at: http://www.hrw.org/en/news/2008/11/25/russia-protect-civilians-occupied-georgia

29 Washington Post, “In Mostly Georgian Part of Abkhazia, Ethnic Lines Seem Indelible”, October 18, 2008. Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/10/17/AR2008101702907.html

30 Washington Post, “In Mostly Georgian Part of Abkhazia, Ethnic Lines Seem Indelible”, October 18, 2008. Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/10/17/AR2008101702907.html





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