Action 5 of the eu strategy for the danube region



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ACTION 5 OF THE EU STRATEGY FOR THE DANUBE REGION

Milestone No. 4:


Survey of the situation

on alternative collection and treatment of wastewater

in small rural settlements


Association Justice & Environment

20 December, 2013

The Roadmap of Priority Area 4 of the EUSDR contains Action 5, “To establish buffer strips along the rivers to retain nutrients and to promote alternative collection and treatment of waste in small rural settlements”. Hungary was identified as primary responsible actor for this Action (beside PA4 and the ICPDR) The Priority Area 4 of the EUSDR decided to make further assessment and studies to contribute and fulfil its duties concerning Action 5 of the Action Plan. For this reason and partially based on Hungarian governmental funds, a contract with an international research organisation, Czech based Justice and Environment was concluded to prepare a complete research document analysing the situation in the Danube basin on alternative collection and treatment of wastewater in small rural settlements for the utilization of PA4.

This report has been prepared by Association Justice and Environment, on the request of PA4 of the EUSDR.

Author: Dr. Sándor Fülöp (sandor@emla.hu)
National expert reports are prepared by:
Austria: Birgit Schmidhuber (Ökobüro, birgit.schmidhuber@oekobuero.at)

Bosnia-Herzegovina: Muhamed Mujakic (Law Institute B&H/Pravni institute, info@lawinstitute.ba)

Bulgaria: Plamen Peev (independent expert, peevplamen@yahoo.com)

Croatia: Željka Leljak Gracin (Zelena Akcija – Friends of the Earth Slovakia, zeljka@zelena-akcija.hr)

Czech Republic: Vlastimil Karlík (Arnika - Nature Conservation Programme; Coalition for Rivers, Vlastík Karlík vlastimil.karlik@arnika.org

Germany: Fabian Stolpe (UfU – Independent Institute for Environmental Issues, fabian.stolpe@ufu.de)

Hungary: Sandor Fülöp (EMLA – Environmental Management and Law Association, sandor@emla.hu)

Moldova: Iordanca-Rodica Iordanov (independent expert, r.iordanov@mkt.vox.md)

Montenegro: Srna Sudar (Regional Environmental Center, srna.sudar@rec.org.me)

Romania: Catalina Radulescu (Bankwatch Romania, catalina.radulescu@gmail.com)

Serbia: Szilvia Szilagyi (EMLA – Environmental Management and Law Association, szilvia@emla.hu)

Slovakia: Dana Marekova (Via Iuris, marekova@viaiuris.sk)

Slovenia Senka Vrbica (PIC - Legal informational Centre for NGOs, senka.sifkovic.vrbica@pic.si)

Table of Contents


List of abbreviations 3

1Executive summary 4

1.1Main findings 5

1.2Problems, bottlenecks, loopholes 6

1.3Suggestions, policy proposals 7

2Summary of the twelve country reports 8

2.1Question 8 (local waste water treatment solutions) 8

2.2Question 9 (legal control) 13

3Annex: Country Reports 18

3.1Germany 18

3.2Czech Republic 18

3.3Austria 19

3.4Slovakia 20

3.5Slovenia 22

3.6Croatia 25

3.7Bosnia-Herzegovina 27

3.8Montenegro 28

3.9Romania 29

3.10Bulgaria 33

Introduction – the system analysis of the relevant laws 37

Milestone No. 4: Survey of the situation on alternative collection and treatment of wastewater in small rural settlements 38

1.General rules of sewage water treatment and deposition 38

1.1Design and operation of sewage treatment network 38

1.2Individual sewage treatment 39

1.3Small scale local household water treatment solutions 39

1.3.1Facilities substituting public utilities 39

1.3.2Individual, closed sewage water storage facility, household dehydration 40

1.4Practical experiences concerning alternative collection and treatment of wastewater in small rural settlements in Hungary 41

2.List of laws and regulations cited in the Hungarian pilot study 45




List of abbreviations

BAT Best Available Technique

DRB Danube River Basin

DRBD Danube River Basin District

DRBM Plan Danube River Basin District Management Plan

DRPC Danube River Protection Convention

EC European Commission

EU European Union

EU MS European Union Member State

GEF Global Environment Facility

JAP Joint Action Programme

Non EU MS Non-European Union Member State

EU WFD European Union Water Framework Directive. Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy. OJ L 327, 22.12.2000, p. 1–73.

ICPDR International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River

IPPC Directive Directive 2008/1/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 January 2008 concerning integrated pollution prevention and control. OJ L 24, 29.1.2008, p. 8–29

Nitrates Directive Council Directive 91/676/EEC of 12 December 1991 concerning the protection of waters against pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural sources. OJ L 375, 31.12.1991, p. 1–8

Overview Report Interim Report on the Implementation of the Joint Program of Measures in the DRBD. ICPDR - International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River, 2012.

Regulation 648/2004 Regulation (EC) Number 648/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 31 March 2004 on detergents OJ L 104, 8.4.2004, p. 1–35.

Regulation 259/2012 Regulation (EU) Number 259/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 March 2012 amending Regulation (EC) No 648/2004 as regards the use of phosphates and other phosphorus compounds in consumer laundry detergents and consumer automatic dishwasher detergents. OJ L 94, 30.3.2012, p. 16–21.

UNDP United Nations Development Programme

UNOPS United Nations Office for Project Services

UWWTD Council Directive 91/271/EEC of 21 May concerning urban waste water treatment. OJ L 135, 30.5.1991, p. 40–52







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