The election of George W. Bush in 2000 marked a new step in the U.S. immigration policy. President George Bush saw the importance of immigration to the economy after the last ineffective changes in the US immigration system. The President called for a new and large-scale temporary worker program. He also saw that Hispanic population was growing and played an important role in elections. At the very first days as the President, George W. Bush showed his intentions to improve the U.S. relationship with Mexican leaders, boosting economies and setting the first steps for the later immigration renovation. He met Mexico’s newly elected President, Vicente Fox five times in nine months.
However, negotiations between the United States and Mexico failed due to the terrorist attacks in New York and Washington D.C. in September 11st 2001. After the event, the U.S. Congress passed many tough measures to control border security and support data collection and information sharing on suspected terrorists, and broadened the government’s power to control and deport immigrants. According to David Burnham, the co-director of Syracuse University's Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), an organization that gathers government data: "After 9/11, the Bush administration tried to see immigration enforcement as a way to fight terrorism,"