Absolutism to the Fall of Napoleon – Vocabulary

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Absolutism to the Fall of Napoleon – Vocabulary

  1. Absolute Monarch (G)

    • Ruler with complete authority over the government and the lives of the people

  2. Autocrat (G, RBG)

    • A single ruler who has completes authority

  3. Baron de Montesquieu

  4. Bourgeoisie (G)

    • The middle class

  5. Catherine the Great

  6. Constitutional Government (G)

    • A government whose power is defined and limited by law

  7. Coup d’etat (RBG)

    • A revolt by a small group intended to overthrow the government

  8. Declaration of the Rights of Man

    • French document which was a first step towards writing a constitution

  9. Divine Right (G, RBG)

  10. English Bill of Rights (RBG)

    • A set of acts passed by Parliament to ensure its superiority over the monarchy and guarantee certain rights to citizens

  11. Enlightened Despot (RBG)

    • Absolute ruler who used royal power to reform society

  12. Enlightenment (RBG)

    • The period in the 1700’s in which people rejected traditional ideas and supported a belief in human reason

  13. Jean-Jacques Rousseau

  14. John Locke

    • Wrote Two Treatises of Government, which outlined the Natural Rights of life, liberty, and property

  1. Limited Monarchy (G)

    • Government in which a constitution or legislative body limits the monarch’s powers

  2. Louis XIV

  3. Maximilien Robespierre

    • Chief architect of the Reign of Terror

  4. Napoleon Bonaparte

    • French General who became self-proclaimed Emperor of France

  5. Napoleonic Code (RBG)

  6. National Assembly (RBG)

    • Group formed mostly by the Third Estate in France in 1789 with the intention of writing a new constitution

  7. Natural Right(s) (G)

    • Right(s) that belongs to all humans from birth

  8. Parliament (RBG)

    • Representative assembly of a country, which is led by a Prime Minister

  9. Peter the Great

    • Russian czar who westernized Russia and centralized royal power

  10. Reign of Terror

    • A period during which French revolutionary courts executed 40,000 people mostly by use of the guillotine

  11. Social Contract (G)

    • Agreement by which people give up their freedom to a powerful government in order to avoid chaos

  12. Suffrage (G, RBG)

  13. Thomas Hobbes

    • Wrote the Leviathan, supported absolutism because man is naturally evil and must be controlled by the government

  14. Voltaire

    • Wrote Candide, which defended freedom of speech and thought

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