Unit 4 Vocabulary
Directions: Predict the definition of each boldface word.
1. The thieves who absconded with several of the museums most valuable paintings have never been found.
2. You need a password in order to access your e-mail accounts.
3. In the final days of a war, civilians may find themselves living in anarchy.
4. No matter how carefully you plan for it, moving to a new home is an arduous chore.
5. My parents describe the day that they first met as a most auspicious occasion.
6. Despite all its inherent dangers, space flight did not daunt the Mercury program astronauts.
7. Rescuers worked for hours to disentangle a whale from the fishing net wrapped around its jaw.
8. The tragic outcome of Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet is fated from the plays very first scene.
9. Many sweepstakes offers hoodwink people into thinking they have already won big prizes.
10. Although fossils are inanimate, they hold many clues to life on Earth millions of years ago.
11. Because of environmental concerns, many cities and towns no longer incinerate their garbage.
12. Intrepid Polynesian sailors in outrigger canoes were the first humans to reach the Hawaiian Islands.
13. Someone who steals property that is worth thousands of dollars commits grand larceny.
14. The pliant branches of the sapling sagged but did not break under the weight of the heavy snow.
15. Political cartoonists like nothing better than to mock pompous public officials.
16. During the Cuban Missile Crisis, the world hovered on the precipice of nuclear war.
17. The assembly line managers studied the prototype of the new car for weeks before production began.
18. The senators debated a series of measures designed to rectify the nation’s trade imbalance.
19. A vacation is a kind of reprieve from the cares and responsibilities of everyday life.
20. The enraged King Lear reviles the daughters who have cast him out into a fierce storm.
Parts of Speech and Definitions
Access: approach or admittance to places, persons, things; an increase
Anarchy: a lack of government and law; confusion
Precipice: a very steep cliff; the brink or edge of disaster
Prototype: an original model on which later versions are patterned
Reprieve: a temporary relief of delay
Arduous: hard to do, requiring much effort
Auspicious: favorable; fortunate
Fated: determined in advance by destiny or fortune
Inanimate: not having life; without energy or spirit
Intrepid: very brave, fearless, unshakable
Pliant: bending readily; easily influenced
Pompous: overly self-important in speech and manner; excessively stately or ceremonious
Abscond: to run off and hide
Access: to get at, obtain
Daunt: to overcome with fear, intimidate; to dishearten, discourage
Disentangle: to free from tangles or complications.
Hoodwinked: to mislead by a trick, swindle
Incinerate: to burn to ashes
Rectify: to make right, correct
Reprieve: to grant a postponement
Revile: to attack with words, call bad names