A virulent plague that stuck 14th century Europe

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1.The Black Death refers to:

  1. The collapse of the European economy in the 14th century

  2. A virulent plague that stuck 14th century Europe

  3. A disease transmitted through African slaves

  4. A heretical sect of gnostic Christians

  5. The famine that occurred from 1315 to 1317

2.The Black Death:

  1. Devastated primarily the rural population of Europe

  2. Was preceded by a gradual decline in population

  3. Followed that trade routes into Europe from England

  4. Was preceded by years of famine that weakened the populace

  5. Is thought by most scholars to be a form of small pox

3.All of the following are true of the bubonic plague EXCEPT

  1. It spread rapidly once it arrived in Europe

  2. It was transmitted by rat-or human-borne fleas

  3. It was transmitted along trade routes

  4. It was known as the Black Death

  5. It struck only children and the elderly

4.The Black Death found its way into Europe via:

  1. Spain

  2. Greenland and Iceland

  3. Asian trade routes

  4. Scandinavia

  5. North Africa

5.Among the social and economic consequences of the bubonic plague was a/an

  1. Decline kin the price of luxury and manufactured goods

  2. Rise in agricultural prices

  3. Shrunken labor supply

  4. Rise in value of the estates of the nobility

  5. Increase in urban population

6.Which social group suffered the greatest decline in power as a result of the plague?

  1. Urban elites

  2. Noble landholders

  3. Women

  4. Clergy

  5. Peasants

7.The Statute of Laborers:

  1. Limited wages to pre-plague levels

  2. Barred laborers from moving from one city to another

  3. Guaranteed a minimum wage for artisans

  4. Barred children from certain trades

  5. Governed working conditions in early factories

8.That two groups were traditional “containers” of monarchy?

  1. Landed nobility and the church

  2. The peasantry and laity

  3. The church and laity

  4. The church and urban elites

  5. The laity and landed nobility

9.In early modern Europe, which of the following most directly undermined the guild system?NO KEY


Entrepreneurial expansion of manufacturing into the countryside


The increased demand for products for the Far East and New World, such as spices and silk


The imposition of high tariffs on imported goods


The use of credit in business transactions


The expansion of the supply of precious metals

“It was an important confederation of commercial towns in northern Germany with its own laws, diplomats, and flags. Its membership of merchants earned large profits shipping fish, timber, and other resources to areas to the west and to the south. Prosperity declined, however, when trade routes shifted from the Baltic to the Atlantic after 1500.” NO KEY
10.The description above refers to the

(A) Confederation of the Rhine

(B) Hanseatic League

(C) Merchants of the Staple

(D) Holy Roman Empire

(E) Schmalkaldic League

11. All of the following are true of the Hundred Year’s war EXCEPT

  1. It was caused by long-standing rivalries and animosities between England and France

  2. It ended with a decisive English victory

  3. It changed the political systems of both France and England

  4. It was a struggle for national identity

  5. It was launched when England’s Edward III claimed the French throne

12.At the outset of the Hundred Years’ War

  1. France had a larger population that England

  2. England was wealthier that France

  3. France was superior militarily

  4. England was in a state of civil war

  5. The English navy ruled the seas

13.In the mid- 14th century, France had:

  1. Twice the population of England, but was much poorer

  2. About the same population of Englnad, but was much poorer

  3. Half the population of England

  4. Three times the population of England and was much richer

  5. Split from the Roman Catholic Church

14.The French peasant uprising of 1358 is known as the

  1. Pilgrimage of Grace

  2. Ciomp

  3. Jacquerie

  4. Taille

  5. Western rising

15.The primary reason for early French failure in the Hundred Years’ was

  1. Internal disunity

  2. Poor military strategy

  3. Superior English financial resources

  4. Deficient number in the military

  5. That they were a “modern” state fighting a feudal society

16.The use of this medieval weapon proved to give the English the tactical advantage in the war

  1. Catapult

  2. Longbow

  3. Trebuchet

  4. Primitive firearms

  5. Cannons

17.The Treaty of Troyes in 1420 disinherited the legitimate heir to the French throne and proclaimed this man the successor to the French king, Charles VI

  1. Richard II

  2. Henry V

  3. Charles VII

  4. Henry VI

  5. Jean I

18.Joan of Arc was executed on May 30, 1431 under this charge

  1. Kidnapping

  2. Fraud

  3. Treason

  4. Murder

  5. Heresy

19.The burden of the Hundred Years’ War fell mostly on the

  1. Women

  2. Clergy

  3. Peasants

  4. Nobility

  5. Military

20.All of the following were effects of the Hundred Years War EXCEPT NO KEY

  1. A significant decrease in the population

  2. A series of peasant rebellions

  3. A more politically unified France

  4. An economically weaker England

  5. The rise of a Spanish Empire in the New World

21.What papal doctrine contributed to the transformation of the papacy into a great secular power?

  1. Papal hegemony

  2. Papal primacy

  3. Petrine doctrine

  4. Plentitude of power

  5. Papal infallibility

22.Bonaface VII found himself locked in a struggle over the limits of monarchial authority with

  1. Henry VI

  2. Richard II

  3. Henry V

  4. Philip the Fair

  5. Edward III

23.Which of the following statements most aptly applies to the bull Ausculta fili?

  1. The people over the church

  2. The state before the church

  3. The church over the state

  4. The church and state are separate and equal entities

  5. The church and state are one

24.The papal buu Unam Sanctum declared that

  1. Temporal authority was “subject” t the spiritual power of the Church

  2. Only strong monarchies could fulfill the Christian gospel

  3. The Holy Roman Emperor could establish national churches in the realm

  4. A new crusade was necessary in order to unify European spirituality

  5. Only men could be priets

25.Defender of Peace, written by Marisilius of Padua, depicted the pope as

  1. the king of kings

  2. Christ-like figure who was elected to save the world from its wickedness

  3. A subordinate member of society

  4. The Anti-Christ

  5. The supreme ruler

26.Which of the following was recognized by the Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges?

  1. The principle that religious rights and principals take precedent over national rights

  2. The right of French clergy to conduct the Mass in French

  3. The right of all French clergy to develop their own doctrines

  4. The obligation of the state to pay the annates to Rome

  5. The right of the French church to elect its own clergy without papal interference

27.Which of the following religious movements was most successful at assailing the late medieval church in England?

  1. Hussites

  2. Waldensians

  3. Cathers

  4. Lollards

  5. Franciscans

28.John Wycliffe

  1. Believed the rank and office was the true basis of religious authority

  2. Was a Cambridge theologian and philosopher

  3. Was a major intellectual spokesman for the rights of royalty

  4. Was charged with the task of trying Lollards for heresy

  5. Crafted works that initially served the anticlerical policues of the French government

29.The university, founded in 1348, became the center for both Czech nationalism and a religious movement

  1. University of Kiev

  2. University of Prague

  3. Universtiy of Brno

  4. University of Bonn

  5. University of Ostrava

30.The phrase “Babylonia Captivity” refers to

  1. How the papcy was held in political bondage in Avignon

  2. The period of time when France had no universally recognized monarch

  3. The persecution of the Lollards and Hussites by the church

  4. The precarious position of the church in France during the Hundred Years’ War

  5. The state of the church in Czechoslavakia

31.The Great Schism was supported by

  1. Philip of France

  2. Pope Gregory XI

  3. Martin V

  4. Charles V

  5. Pope Boniface VIII

32.England’s allies in the Great Schism

  1. Supported the popes who were no longer considered official by the church

  2. Supported the pope at Avignon

  3. Included the Holy Roman Empire, Hungary, Bohemia and Poland

  4. Disagreed with each other over the issue of the Concilliar Theory of Church Government

  5. Included the Holy Roman Empire Hungary, Bohemia, and Scotland

33.In 1409 the Council of Pisa

  1. United the Catholic Church

  2. Was recognized by the entire Catholic Church as the ultimate authority

  3. Nullified the position of pope

  4. Dissolved in the face of deep division within its delegates

  5. Deposed both the Roman and Avignn popes, and elected a new pope

34.Between 1243 and 1480, Russia was ruled by

  1. The Persians

  2. The Mongols

  3. The princes of Kiev

  4. Sweden

  5. Poland

35.Under the rule of Prince Vladamir(r 980-1015) was city was the most important in Russia?

  1. Moscow

  2. Minsk

  3. Vladivostok

  4. Kiev

  5. Saint Petersburg

36.The broadest social division of the 11th century Russia was between

  1. Army officers and freemen

  2. Peasants and townspeople

  3. Clergy and principality

  4. Freemen and slaves

37.The majority of the slave population in Russia were

  1. Prisoners of war

  2. Of Greek descent

  3. Russian criminals sentenced to this function

  4. Part of the African slave trade

  5. Of Chinese and Japanese descent

38.Wealthy landowners in medieval Russia were known as

  1. Boyars

  2. Serfs

  3. Junkers

  4. Cossacks

  5. Grossemensch

39.This was the name for the segment of the Mongol Empire that included the steppe region of what is today southern Russia

  1. Golden Flock

  2. Golden Horde

  3. Golden Crescent

  4. Golden Set

  5. Golden Faction

40.What is the official religion of the Mongol treatment of Russian political and religious institutions

  1. They left them largely intact

  2. They incorporated some facets of Russian ideology and institutions, but disregarded the rest

  3. They totally dismantled them

  4. They kept the institutions, but killed all existing office holders

  5. They adapted Russian institutions as if they were of their own creation

41. In 1500 the two most powerful autocracies in Eastern Europe were

(A) Muscovy and the Ottoman Empire

(B) the Ottoman and the Byzantine empires

(C) the Byzantine Empire and Poland-Lithuania

(D) Poland-Lithuania and Hungary

(E) Hungary and Kievan Russia
42. In the sixteenth century, all of the following had religious civil wars or political insurrections EXCEPT NO KEY

(A) Muscovite Russia

(B) England

(C) the Low Countries

(D) France

(E) the German states
43.After Constantinople fell to the Turks in 1453, which of the following cities claimed to be the "third Rome"? NO KEY











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