A. The story: the crisis of economic liberalism



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Lecture 6 The Great Depression
Lecture 6: The Crisis of Liberalism: hegemony and the Great depression

I. The Great depression and its causes: No hegemon


A.The story: the crisis of economic liberalism/


  1. Will the world go through another depression? similarities then and now

C. Explanations

1. Marxist explanations for the depression

2. Liberal explanations

3. Economic nationalism--contradiction between states'goals and market processes.--the gold standard as an example and

The tendency towards mercantilism
Lecture 6: The Crisis of Liberalism: hegemony and the Great depression

I. The Great depression and its causes: No hegemon


B.The story: the crisis of economic liberalism/


  • International Interdependence and the division of labor

  • International interdependence and the gold standard

  • Credit and International interdependence

  • Prosperity and Interdependence in the 1920s

  • Agricultural depression

  • The crash of 1929 and the spread of economic crisis

  • The spread of the depression from finance to industry

  • The internationalization of the crisis

  • The world responds with economic nationalism

    1. Leaving the Gold Standard

    2. Tariffs and qualtitative restrictions

    3. Trade became bilateral


C.Will the world go through another depression? similarities then and now


The celebration of technology is common to both periods.

People then, as now, were transfixed by the stock market.

Heavy consumer borrowing characterizes each era.

There's a parallel faith in the Fed.



D.The Communitarian Prescription for Depression: Reduce the sphere where money matters


Roosevelt in his 1933 Inaugural Address: “Happiness lies not in the mere possession of money; it lies in the joy of achievement, in the thrill of creative effort. The joy and moral stimulation of work no longer must be forgotten in the mad chase of evanescent profits. These dark days will be worth all they cost us if they teach us that our true destiny is not to be ministered unto but to minister to ourselves and to our fellow men.”

C. Explanations

1. Marxist explanations for the depression

2. Liberal explanations

3. Economic nationalism--contradiction between states'goals and market processes.--the gold standard as an example and



The tendency towards economic nationalism


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