A systematized effort to gain new knowledge

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Truncation: is a strategy that involves using special symbols to improve the quality and quantity of your search results and is used at the end of the word, to find variations of the word. The symbol most often used is the asterisk (*) but some search engines uses question mark (?) or a dollar.

  • Data evaluation: TRAAP.

In order to select the most suitable sources there’s one method evaluating source which is: TRAAP.
Timeliness: First check the source if it is up to date and current. Older information will still be useful with some topics for instance; history. But other as technology requires recent information.

Relevance: Determine if the information matches the topic by seeing if any research question is answered by the source. ( check the abstract )

Authority: To determine the expertise of the author in his field

Accuracy: Determine if the information is reliable and correct/ the facts discussed in data are pre-reviewed.

Purpose: the purpose of any information can vary; from entertainment/ persuasion/ to informative etc..
For example, is the aim of the source is to persuade, it is biased.

                  • Google Search:

In order to find more precise and credible information, there are search operators that allows that:

  1. Quotation marks (“): it is used to extract quotes from poems; books

  2. Hyphen/ minus symbol (-): used for keywords that can stand for multiples meaning; putting a hyphen aside the word Google search will automatically narrow your searches to more specific one.

For example: “Apple-fruit” will search for the brand “Apple” not the fruit.

  1. “Site.” Operators: restricts results to only those from a specific website.

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