understand how much responsibility Helen really accepts for the Trojan War
understand how Hector looks upon himself in relationship to his country
explain Hector as a husband and as a father
explain Andromache and her fears
compare and contrast Helen’s pleas to her husband and Andromache’s pleas to Hector
understand the connection between Achilles and Andromache’s entire family
appreciate how, despite killing her father, Achilles showed some respect to Eetion
appreciate why Homes has included this family scene focusing on Hector, Andromache, and Astyanax
better understand Hector’s assessment of Paris
How do thoughts that Helen expresses in Book six contrast with Paris’ actions in Book six?
Hector tells Andromache that he would feel deep shame if he did not fight the Achaeans. What do his feelings indicate about the values that are part of Trojan society?
By saying that no one, brave man nor coward, has escaped fate, what is Hector indicating about his own mortality and his part in his mortality?
Whom do you consider the braver man—Hector or Achilles? Explain your thinking and support your answer by offering evidence from The Iliad.
Applying concepts to a new Situation
The Greek playwright Sophocles wrote, “Fate has terrible power. You cannot escape it by wealth or war. No fort will keep it out, no ships outrun it.” In your opinion, how does the contemporary view of fate differ from the ancient Grecian view of fate that is present in Book Six?
Critical Thinking and Reading—Comparing and Contrasting Characters According to the heroic code of ethics, male characters in The Iliad must fight to win for glory for their families and for themselves. Each hero, however, responds differently to the warrior code he learned since childhood. Consider how differently Achilles and Hector behave as heroes.
In a well-crafted answer, explain whether Achilles or Hector is characterized as being more human? Contrast Achilles’ reasons for wining glory with Hector’s reasons. Finally, since heroism is so critical to both individual’s cultures, which man is more heroic?
Please note: I have had to vary the translations that I use for the Iliad, the page numbers may be an estimate and not an exact reference.