A people's runnymedem by



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Brazil destroys over 26,000,000 bags |

26.3.34)- . , „ i vvsnine News, 15-3-33)-, , .

Failure of destruction i^^^MEvenlng Standard, 26.3-34)-40 per cent, sacrifice quota m Brazil (Event g

Rational plan for destruction (EveningNews, 3.5.5s). HSa, make golf balls from honey (*-* «-* ||

6o A PEOPLE'S RUNNYMEDE



Cotton:

Every third row ploughed in U.S.A. (New Democracy, October

1933). U.S.A. plough in 25 per cent. {Evening News, 6.10.33).

Herring glut threatens starvation (Daily Express, 13.11.33). I Southend sells fish for manure (Daily Mirror, 9.1.34).



Wine:

Portugal destroys 10,000,000 gallons (Daily Express, 3.6.32). I France welcomes mildew (Evening Standard, 14.7.32). I Hungarians order troops and police to drink wine to help wine producers (Daily Express, 2.11.32).



Beer: 1 Irish beer poured into gutter {Times, 15.12.32).

Brandy: I Hungarians bathe in brandy {Evening News, 10.1.33).

Ships:

Scrapping more shipyards (Glasgow Evening Times, 27.4.33). m East Coast ports silting up (Daily Express, 15.6.33).



Ports :

Tonnage reduction scheme (Times, 3.14.33).



Flowers : I

B Holland burns 15,000,000 bulbs (Sunday Pictorial, 13.11.32).



The State of Countries America: I 200,000 unemployed in Philadelphia on verge of starvation. Relief committee dissolves owing to lack of funds (Evening Standard, 1932).

New York faces total bankruptcy. Wall Street ultimatum:

I wJv ? ,6/C6nt (Dai/y ExPre"> I7-I-33)-

I Zl* 7elfarfJcounc'l sports 633,000 poor with insufficient

I ArnV£\ ld rather (Dai/y E*P™1 8.2.33).

I dLf>*m ?\h0y$ r°ambS- "Brother, can you spare a

dime? (Datfy Express, 16.1.1.

I Unemployed war veterans trek trWo ok- . /m- \

X4COOO fancies destitute SSSfife#

DESTRUCTION OF FOOD AND LIFE 61

Legion of Despair. America's new menace. 200,000 young people on trek. Homeless girls. Recruits to army of I crime {Daily Express, 2.11.3 3). 140,000 women tramps alarm America {Daily Express,

25-5-33)- • ; Chicago school teachers unpaid. Demonstrations. Banks

besieged (Times, 28.4.33). Iowa farmers revolt against foreclosure of mortgages (Daily

Telegraph, 1.5.33)-

Cyprus:
Peasants eating grass {Prosperity, 10.12.33). H

Canada: I

Bumper wheat harvest in Saskatchewan. 30,000 people

needing relief. £2,000,000 required to alleviate distress
{Evening News, 20.9.3 3).

Spain : R

Women allowed to use pledged sewing-machines in pawn­shops by order of Home Secretary {Daily Telegraph, 5.n.32).



Hungary:
Issue of "beggar money" by Hungarian Mint {Evening News,
, 127.i.33). IP I

Russia: I

Thousands of Soviet peasants starved to death. Children hft

to perish. Dogs for food (Undated). i

Children beg for food. Peasants die of starvation {Daily


L; Express, 4.4.33). ^^WM

United Kingdom: B

Russian ship with food for England {Daily Express, 23.3.33). I 100,000,000 tins of Russian salmon in English shops {Sunday



Pictorial, 16.4.33). j 1 • c *i

Prisoner tells Birmingham Magistrates that he and his family

were so poor and so hungry that they were forced to steal ■

cats and dogs for food {Times, undated). Ex-Guardsman Coleshill admits to taking milk to teed A» ■

children {Daily Mail, 911.33)- , impoverished. 1

Boy before juvenile court for ^ *™*^> forced to


Father unemployed. Boy unacwa, *u
I take in pupils for music {Daily Mail, 4.12.33). ■

A PEOPLE'S RUNNYMEDE

Mother Perring charged with theft of 2d. loaf. Sways in dock for want of food {Daily Express, 19.2.34).

Mother Ryan charged with theft of milk for babies {Daily Express, 14.2.34).

Unemployed man tells court of eating wild birds {Daily Mirror,

7.11.33).

Westminster Parish Hall converted into shelter for destitutes

{Sunday Pictorial, 10.12.33). Starving man in tears. Family fed by police. 'I have walked

miles looking for work" {Daily Express, 8.12.33). 10,000 fishermen ruined. Fish glut threatens starvation {Daily



Express, 13.11.33). Mother Gear starves for children. Kills her baby {Daily

Express, 31.3.33). Mrs Bentley and daughter refuse to sink lower. No food. No

home. Attempted suicide {Daily Mail, 8-4.33). Unemployed Mr Coiley commits suicide {Daily Mail, 1,4.33). Mother Ormerode gasses herself at sixty-one for sake of son, 1 "Too poor to start again" {Daily Mail, 28.3.33). Mr and Mrs Stanley gassed. Haifa loaf of bread {Daily Mail,

24.2.33). 'This is the only way out ... we are too old to start again. "We are two lonely old people." Mr and Mrs Collyer found |c gassed {Daily Mail, 4.11.33). Mother abandons baby for want of food. Notice on pram

"Please take care of my baby" {Daily Mail, 20.11.33). Mr Oddie at inquest on Mrs Stokes says there are far too many

Tube tragedies {Evening Standard, 17.10.33). Underground authorities extending precautions against suicides

on railways {Evening Standard, ri.10.33) One firm sues 10,000 people regarding hire purchase {Daily Mirror, 20.1.33).

Master mariner sells matches. "Dozens like me " {Daily Mail,

Fl?i.7°3^)!eSS men r°Unded % in Manchester {Daily Mail,

I I:Cu^1!! magistrate he *» *£d. (Evening News 20 nO Shipbuilders comb beaches fnr t r . ™^f V, £ 2°*3-33;-

pt .: •. . iies tor a living {Daily Express, 25.5.33)*

c neea tor our third supreme law f

I DESTRUCTION OF FOOD AND LIFE 63

This chapter has been a story of the blind leading the blind to destruction.

Dare we give our lives into the hands of our rulers when this war is over without first establishing just laws ?

I "To build and secure by Justice and Right, from now to

I eternal time, on the Power of God's Law. ... So that kings shall rule justly and rulers do right, and the rash-hearted learn sense and the tongue-tied speak plain.

"Then the brute shall no more be called noble and the rascal no longer named honest. For the brute is a brute in his language and heart; he does low and vile acts, he disputes with the Law he leads the faint souls astray and turns the thirsty from water: He plans to tangle the poor by using the schemes of the bad, and by false speeches and lying he defrauds Justice.

'But the noble plans nobly and on his virtue will rise. And


Justice will inhabit the earth, the product of Righteousness will
become Peace and Good work for ever, secure and safe; and
My People will reside in sweet homes, with security, comfort
and pleasure."—Isaiah. H

During the years we have covered in this chapter the Law of Mammon has guided our rulers, depriving the people of purchasing power and destroying the fruits of their labour whilst they suffered from the need of them. I

None will deny that these evil practices should be forbidden by a law which Parliament and the people must obey, so that:

The curtailment of supplies by restriction of production or

distribution, or the destruction of food, or the curtailment of

purchasing power shall be prohibited. fl

To ensure a progressive order of society adaptable to meet

all contingencies, as was the original intention of the British

Constitution and ancient Common Law, and to fulfil the

social implications of the Christian faith upon which tftey

are based, the object of the Law shall be:

On the basis of such a ^^^^^ God's purpose for man and nature, to explore in v of a progressive Christian society.



The foreigner who is amongst you shall climb up above you

from station to station,—but you shall sink lower and

lower! He shall lend to you,—he shall be the head, and you shall

be the tail; .if you do not take care to practise the whole

of this Law,



Deuteronomy.

3
■ CHAPTER FOUR

THE VIOLATION OF COMMON LAW

We regret that so many malpractices have to h

dealing chiefly with our own country, but it exposfel

country we wish to see take the lead' in simole °W- °Wn

living. Rectification cannot be made where the f"?^ °f

unknown or misunderstood. raulta are

By the year 1931 the City of London had obtained almost complete control over money, credit, and indu trv Behind the scenes it had been acquiring command of viS industries such as coal, cotton, iron, steel, and agriculture It now came into the open with these possessions and violated the rule of Law by dictating to Parliament. The Federa­tion of British Industries, which in 1919 spoke for some 18,000 firms and combines, and backed its demands with a capital of £5,000,000,000, boasted quite openly that it advises on the details of the Budget before it is placed before Parliament. This explains why certain amalgamated in­dustries were exempt from income tax and given this advant­age over independent industries and traders. So started the growth of those big combines which were to close down the small trader. They eventually assumed (as Mr MacDonald prophesied and helped to fulfil) economic power which controlled absolutely the life of the people and imposed on them political and economic slavery.

The Government became the puppet of an unelected

financial dictatorship. , r

In medieval times usury and the monopolistic controlot
national resources and the people's food supplies were* lUegju
If such laws of common justice prevailed ^°^J^Jiticians,
British Common Law had not been ignored by our politicians,
all men would be free, secure, and at peace It

The years saw Parliament begin to ™'J^d persons


frittered away its power by appointing no «

67 1


68 A PEOPLE'S RUNNYMEDE

to sit on Boards which controlled almost every department of national life. The powers of these Boards were contrary to the British Constitution and Common Law, in that they were allowed to assume parliamentary powers by making their own laws, by appointing their own servants to act as judges in their own case, and to impose penalties upon offenders against their own decrees, and by often preventing the defendant from obtaining redress at the King's Courts of

Justice. i • i §11

A flood of bills was passed in Parliament which virtually

gave the money power control over our lives. Some of the bills were:

I The Electricity Supply Bill.

The Finance Bill, 1935.

The Industrial Re-organisation (Enabling) Bill.

Licensing Laws.

The Cotton Spinning Industry Bill.

The Coal Mines Bill, 1936. 8j Shops (Retail Trading Safeguards) Bill.

Live Stock and Industry Bill.


I The Nationalisation of Tithes, Coal and Mineral
i Rights.

The Incitement of Disaffection Bill.

The Official Secrets Act.

I These bills were supposed to place industry and agriculture on a sound financial basis. Much of the money used to finance their operations was obtained by taxing the people's food supplies.

Mr Morrison, Minister of Agriculture, created three
new Boards, one for Bacon Development, one for Pig
Marketing, and one for Bacon Marketing. (In IQ?8 he
took an extra million pounds from the taxpayer to breed
naif a million less pigs.) J

In his book The New Despotism Lord Chief Tustice Hewart said that permanent Government Departments

I the VIOLATION OF COMMON LAW 69

ft bills which are deliberately confusing. Members of

n l-omwit do not understand them, nor dare they question

Ae ugStion of "experts." Take Mr Morrison's pigs;

one tested his legislation by the one question of interest

t*o°the general public: "Will it give us more pigs and provide

cheaper bacon ?':

For many years the Labour rarty had advocated national­isation and the elimination of the middleman and small shopkeeper. It was the National Government, however, that adopted these measures. The Labour Party had at least seen them in an altruistic setting, but the National Government nationalised for the benefit of international finance, to the loss of the whole nation.

The ancient constitutional rights and liberties of the citizen were disregarded or violated:


  1. That he shall not be dispossessed or impaired in the enjoyment of his property or the exercise of his trade or in any way socially destroyed. 5j

  2. That he shall have safety and security to buy and to sell

without any unjust exactions or implement.

3. That he shall not be constrained to any unconscientious act.

The money power through their combines and boards: 1

1. Dispossessed men and deprived them of their trades and,

their right to earn a living;

2. Subjected traders to unjust marketing conditions both as

to wares and as to services they had to offer for the general


good, and H

3. Constrained men by economic fear and force to exploit their

fellow-men. 3

Let us examine one of these bills which, to use an apt phrase of Lord Hewart's, imposed their "legal lawlessness'! upon the nation in the interests of international finance. i

The Electricity Supply Bill enabled the Government to force the Mayor and Corporation of the City of Oxford to cease supplying its own cheap electricity to the citizens,

7o A PEOPLE'S RUNNYMEDE

so that they had to buy electric power from the Wessex Company at a far higher rate. The shares of this company were held by a holding company Edmundson & Co., whose shares are held by Banque Beige pour l'Etranger, the Cushen Trust, the Imperial Continental Gas Company, and the Prudential Assurance Company. Foreigners were granted the right to tax the people of Oxford and Oxford­shire.1

We have already given examples of the restrictive and

destructive operations of the pig, potato, and other boards. English agriculture was sacrificed on the altar of Mammon. Farmers lost their earth. 4,444,000 acres of arable land went out of cultivation, so that the nation was deprived of the ability to feed itself. £400,000,000 of foodstuffs had to be imported, 75 per cent, of which could have been produced in this country. Two hundred years before England exported wheat. Under the new system agri­culture suffered more restrictions and penalties than in any other country.

Some years previous to this the oil combines told the British Admiralty to use oil for the Royal Navy. Oil has certain advantages over coal, but the strategical and economic dangers of exclusive oil-firing outweigh completely the technical advantage which could have been retained by alternative firing, as suggested by some Members of Parlia­ment. Except for two small oilfields in the British Empire all sources are foreign-owned. America herself owns 75 per cent, of the world's oil. Every politician knew that in the event of war the Navy would have to convoy oil tankers (and the food which we Were not allowed to produce at home) instead of protecting our shores. Now we pay the cost in the Battle of the Atlantic, and in the East, where we defend strategic positions and our pipe-lines

I TJf Cha*er ^hich was §ranted to the Bank of England & in 1864, giving it the sole right to create and issue the A nation s money, placed the King and Parliament and the



1 Oxford Corporation (Electricity) Bill, 1938.

THE VIOLATION OF COMMON LAW 7,

1 nder the yoke of a private international company, ^Tse international directors recognise neither Motherland, w °. tjsi, nor loyalty to the Crown; who never consider [hVneeds'of industry nor the people if their own private interests are at stake, and who have time and again financed the enemies of the country that gave them power.1 Inter­national finance, operating through the Bank of England, filched the nation's credit and issued it as a monstrous debt which has bled the people white and plunged the wealthiest nation in the world into poverty.

Charles I warned Parliament "that it was not the place where every hare-brained fellow might propose any laws of his own invention."2 He might have added, "neither is it a place where a hidden financial government shall pull the strings of puppet legislators, forcing through laws detrimental to national well-being." This practice has imposed upon the people a non-elected super-government, all the more powerful and dangerous because it is hidden, unsuspected, and largely unquestioned. By giving away its right to create and issue money, Parliament took from the people the protection of Common Law and betrayed them to the usurer. Bishop Burnet, in his History of My Own Time (l693), says "men fought bitterly against the founding of the Bank of England, knowing that the bank would grow to a monopoly. All money would come into their hands; and they would in a few years become the masters of the stock and the wealth of the nation."

For an examination of the relationship between the Bank of England and international finance see Mr Jarvie's The Old Lady Unveiled, pp. n, 12. "It Wl11 be found that out of twenty-six directors, including the governor, nine are associated with Anglo-foreign merchant banks, and six with important foreign or international concerns. ..." Out of the 26 directors, "only eight are partners in industrial companies which are British, more or less. The Treasury 18 not represented, nor are any of the great English joint-stock banks." . a "It is not my case alone," Charles I said at his trial, "it is the freedom and liberty of the people of England. And—do you pretend whatever you will— 1 stand more for their liberties. For if power without law may make laws, ?aay alter the fundamental laws of the kingdom, I know not what subject he is in England that can be sure of his life or anything that he calls his own" {State trials, iv, 1082).

A PEOPLE'S RUNNYMEDE 72

Burke's ghost might ask Englishmen: /

"Where have you placed the real power over moneyed and £ landed circulation? Where have you placed the means of I raising and falling the value of every- man's freehold? Those I whose operations can take from, or add ten per cent, to the possessions of every man in England must be the masters of U every man in England."

The prophecy was fulfilled. It has robbed the House of Commons of effective authority in monetary matters. To quote Bageshot's The English Constitution:



"The principal peculiarity of the House of Commons in financial

affairs is nowadays not a special privilege but an exceptional

% disability. On common subjects any member can propose any things

y but not on moneythe minister can only propose to tax the people!9

i No wonder that the House of Commons wasted years

wrangling whether or not it could raise sufficient money

by taxing cotton gloves to solve the problem of money

shortage. No minister had the courage to tell the people:

'We cannot do anything about solving your problems

because the financial system, and consequently the nation,

is in the hands of a private financial company. It forces

us to take from you almost £100,000,000 a day to pay

interest on your own credit. For its own private advantage

it raises and lowers the buying power of your money and

■ the prices of your goods; it controls profits and wages;
it determines the fate of commerce and industry by in-

1 creasing or restricting credits \ it forces governments to

■ sanction the wholesale destruction of transport, produc-

2?4"1T» ""* h"" ^^^ vm mmiox

it IcEowWPWer °T aUegiance onlY *> its shareholders;

■ it acknowledges no other authority T» te tJ,

responsibility&to none, with no ln £ 8 % T"

and its sole love is money and powe^TT ** hwa™?>

the safety of the Realm. OpeTaL, f "S ^ H

London it lent Napoleon /S,ooo oS H t* Clty °f

<,5,ooo,ooo to fight Englishmen

THE VIOLATION OF COMMON LAW 73



at pu in

Waterloo.1 It gave birth to a new class in English blic life, cohorts of the City of London who had no stake English soil, who for greater profit financed foreign industries and closed down those in the land of their birth, and who sold their country for foreign markets to obtain a higher rate of interest. We give here a few examples of their activities covering all departments of national life.

In 1913, according to the calculations of the League of Nations World Economic Survey, more than £3,250,000,000 of English money was invested outside England. This figure, which we also quote for 1925, would have saved British industry if it had been invested in this country.

They lent our gold to Germany so that she might be
better prepared against us in 1914. S

Mr Noel Baker, M.P., records in The Private Manu­facture of Armaments the admission of a German newspaper after the war of 1914--18, that "if in the first days of the war the French had penetrated to a depth of a dozen kilo­metres in Lorraine the war would have been ended in six months by the defeat of Germany."

But that would have meant the destruction of munition plants and blast-furnaces which had been captured from the French.

"So," said M. Barthe, in the French Chamber in 1919,


either owing to the international solidarity of heavy
industry or in order to safeguard private interests orders were
given to our military commanders not to bombard." I

British M.P.s have asked: "Who authorised the French and British Forces not to attack the munition plants of the King's enemies?"




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