A. P. U. S. History Semester 1 Study Guide name: Time Periods in American History- for your clarification

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A.P. U.S. History - Semester 1 Study Guide name:_________________________________________________

Time Periods in American History- for your clarification



Events Marking Beginning & Ending

Pre-Columbian Period

13,000 B.C. – 1492 A.D.

  1. Humans arrive in the Americas 13.000 B.C.

  2. Arrival of Columbus 1492 A.D.

Colonial Period


  1. Jamestown Founded

  2. French & Indian War ends

Revolutionary Period


  1. England ends Salutary Neglect

  2. Treaty of Paris signed- end of Revolutionary War

Confederation Period


  1. End of the Revolutionary War (Battle of Yorktown, 1781)

  2. Constitution Ratified, George Washington elected 1789

Era of Good Feelings

1800- 1824

  1. Jefferson elected President

  2. Election of 1824 John Quincy Adams

Jacksonian Era


  1. Andrew Jackson elected President

  2. Mexican American War ends

Antebellum Peiod


  1. Cotton Gin invented/Rise of slavery in South

  2. Civil War Begins

Reconstruction Era


  1. Civil War ends

  2. Compromise of 1877 – end of martial law in the south

Pre-Columbian Period

13,000 B.C. – 1492 A.D.

Chapter 1 – New World Beginnings

  1. When do archeologists believe humans began to arrive in the Americas?

  2. When and where did the Hohokam culture emerge?

  3. When and were did the Anasazi culture emerge?

  4. When and where did the Adena culture emerge?

  5. The Adena culture evolved into a widespread culture called what?

  6. What is the Mississippian culture most known for? ( a place)

  7. Identify: three sisters

  8. What year did Columbus sail the ocean blue?

  9. What was the first European settlement in what is today the United States? (hint: it is not a British colony, and it is not Jamestown)

  10. Define: Encomiendas

  11. What is the Pueblo Revolt?

Colonial Period


  1. Jamestown Founded

  2. French & Indian War ends

Chapter 2 – Planting of the English America/ Chapter 3 – Settling the Northern Colonies/American Life in the 17th Century/Colonial Society on the eve of Revolution

  1. What happened in Roanoke?

  2. What was the first British colony in the Americas (what year)?

  3. Define: indentured servants

  4. What year did the MAYFLOWER sail? Where did it arrive?

  5. Where were the settlers of the New Netherlands colony from ?

  6. List the Chesapeake colonies

  7. Who established the Catholic colony of Maryland?

  8. What crop did the Chesapeake colonies depend on?

  9. What was the cause of Bacon’s Rebellion in 1676?

  10. What is known as the “Great Migration” of 1630? Who moved where? How many

  11. Who is John Winthrop? What is he famous for writing?

  12. What do Roger Williams and Anne Hutchison have in common?

  13. What happened during the Salem Witchcraft Trials 1691-1693?

  14. What was the main crop in the Carolinas?

  15. List the Middle Colonies, collectively, their nickname is…

  16. Who founded Pennsylvania?

  17. Georgia colony was Originally established for what purpose? Who is its founder?

  18. What is the first Great Awakening?

Chapter 6: The Duel For North America

  1. Who fought during the Seven Year’s/French & Indian War & why?

  2. What was discussed during the Albany Congress?

  3. Identify: Albany Plan of Union

Revolutionary Period


  1. England ends Salutary Neglect

  2. Treaty of Paris signed- end of Revolutionary War

Chapter 7: The Road to Revolution/ Chapter 8: America Secedes From Empire

  1. What is meant by Salutary Neglect?

  2. What are the writs of Assistance?

  3. Why did colonists oppose the Sugar Act of 1764?

  4. What is the Stamp Act 1765?

  5. What does the Declaratory Act state ?

  6. Why did people oppose the Quartering Act 1766?

  7. Why is the Boston Massacre so significant?

  8. What was the British response to the Boston Tea Party?

  9. What did the Continental Congress discuss?

  10. What is known as the Olive Branch Petition?

  11. Who wrote Common Sense? What does the pamphlet argue?

  12. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

  13. What was the official beginning of the Revolutionary War? “the shot heard around the world”?

  14. What is the significance of the Battle of Saratoga?

  15. What was the last battle of the Revolutionary war? What year did the war end?

  16. What is the Treaty of Paris 1783?

Confederation Period


Chapter 9: the Confederation & Constitution / Chapter 10: Launching the New Ship of State

  1. What were the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?

  2. What is the Ordinance of 1785?

  3. What is the Northwest ordinance of 1787?

  4. What are the causes of Shay’s Rebellion 176-1787?

  5. What was discussed at the Philadelphia Convention, 1787?

  6. What is Madison’s Virginia Plan?

  7. What is Patterson’s New Jersey Plan?

  8. What is the 3/5th clause?

  9. Who wrote the Federalist Papers? What did they argue in favor of?

  10. Who was Alexander Hamilton?

  11. What are the causes of the Whiskey Rebellion?

  12. What is the “X,Y,Z” affair? (hint tension between U.S. & France)

  13. What are the Alien & Sedition Acts?

Era of Good Feelings

1800- 1824

  1. Jefferson elected President

  2. Election of 1824 John Quincy Adams

Chapter 11: Triumphs and Travails of Jeffersonian Democracy/ Chapter 12: the Second War of Independence

  1. Who won the Presidential election of 1800?

  2. What was the court case Marbury v. Madison about?

  3. Identify: Judiciary Act

  4. When did the Louisiana Purchase take place? Why is this significant?

  5. What is the purpose of the Lewis & Clark expedition?

  6. What was the Embargo Act of 1807?

  7. Who are Tecumseh & the Prophet?

  8. Identify: War Hawks

  9. What are the causes of the War of 1812?

  10. What is the Missouri Compromise, 1820?

  11. What is the Admas-Onis Treaty?

  12. What does the Monroe Doctrine 1823 state?

Chapter 14: Forging the National Economy 1790-1860/ Chapter 15: The Ferment of Reform & Culture, 1790-1860 (pages 320-337)

  1. In your own words, describe the hardships pioneers faced living along the western frontier.

  2. What was the population like in the U.S. by 1860? How many territories had become states?

  3. Who is considered the “father of the factory system” in the U.S?

  4. What machine did Eli Whitney invent and what impact did it have on American society?

  5. What was life like for “factory girls”?

  6. Discuss the “cult of domesticity” and expectations for women.

  7. What impact did Robert Fulton’s steamboat have on American society

  8. Why were railroads more efficient than canals?

  9. What is meant by a “market economy”?

  10. What happened during the Panic of 1819?

  11. What was the court case Gibbons vs. Ogden about?

  12. When was the Erie Canal constructed? Why were early textile mills built by waterways?

  13. How did the Second Great Awakening spread? Discuss a key feature of the Second Great Awakening.

  14. What did “Millerites” believe?

  15. Who founded the Church of Latter Day Saints (Mormon)? Who took over as leader of the Mormon Church in 1844? Where did he take his church congregation?

  16. Who is considered the “Father” of Public Education? (hint: he reformed the public school system in the U.S.)

  17. Identify: Dorothea Dix

  18. What was the purpose of the American Temperance Movement?

Antebellum Peiod


  1. Cotton Gin invented/Rise of slavery in South

  2. Civil War Begins

Chapter 13 – Rise of Jacksonian Democracy/ Chapter 17: Manifest Destiny & Its Legacy 1841-1848

  1. list some reasons why President Andrew Jackson was controversial

  2. Identify: Indian Removal Act

  3. Identify: Trail of Tears

  4. Why did the Mexican Government allow Stephen Austin the right to settle in Texas? How many hopeful settlers accompanied Austin to Texas?

  5. Stephen Austin and the other American settlers were allowed access to Mexican land in Texas under two conditions; list them

  6. Who fought in the battle of the Alamo? Why?

  7. Who was declared President of the Republic of Texas?

  8. Define/identify: Manifest Destiny

  9. What did President James K. Polk want to acquire more than anything?

  10. What was the resolution to the Oregon Territory dispute with Britain?

  11. “During the Spanish Mexican occupation, the southwestern boundary with Texas had been the _________________________. But the Expansive Texans, on rather far-fetched grounds, were claiming the more southerly _______________________instead” (381).

  12. What was John Slidell instructed to do once he reached Mexico?

  13. Why did President Polk order troops to march from the Nueces River to the Rio Grande?

  14. Why was President Polk obsessed with the notion of war with Mexico?

  15. What is the main cause of the Mexican American War?

  16. What was agreed upon in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo?

  17. Identify : Wilmot Proviso

Chapter 19: Drifting Toward Disunion/Chapter20: Girding for War / Chapter 21: The Furnace of the Civil War

  1. Identify: bleeding Kansas

  2. Kansas- Nebraska Act

  3. Compromise of 1820?

  4. Define: popular sovereignty

  5. Identify: fugitive slave law (act) 1850

  6. Identify: Harriet Beecher Stowe

  7. Identify: Dred Scott Case

  8. John Brown and Harper’s Ferry

  9. Define: secede , secession

  10. Which state was the first to secede FOUR DAYS AFTER Abraham Lincoln was elected president?

  11. List the 6 states that seceded from the Union in 1860 aside from South Carolina.

  12. The Civil War officially began at ______________on April _____________, 1861.

  13. List the 5 Border states

  14. Merrimac v. Monitor

  15. Battle of Antietam

  16. Gettysburg Address

  17. Sherman and the Burning of Atlanta

  18. Emancipation Proclamation

  19. Who murdered President Lincoln? When? Where? Why?

  20. Who became President after Lincoln’s assassination? What happened to him

  21. What was the outcome of the Civil War?

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